Scholasticism in the Middle Ages
A study of some of the scholars of the Middle Ages.
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The paper looks at some medieval scholars such as John Duns Scotus, William of Ockham and Thomas Aquinas. Their works and their philosophies are outlined and compared. It also studies the schools of thought that developed out of their philosophies.
“Scholasticism in the Middle Ages was the beginning of universities as the Church began to sponsor a tradition of scholarship and education. Under the auspices of the Church, universities evolved into important centers of learning. Syncretism was a recognition of the value of a revived classical past which was combined with religious doctrine for a new spirit of religious syncretism both medieval and classical in tone. This was the trend in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Thomas Aquinas was an important Christian philosopher of the thirteenth century, and he wrote his Summa Theologica between 1265 and 1273. The philosophy of Aquinas was grounded in Aristotle’s Metaphysics.”