Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby. Sudden infant death syndrome is sometimes called crib death. Percentage of SIDS in US Define Etiology of disease The cause is unknown, although it is most likely due to dysfunction of neural cardio respiratory control mechanisms. The dysfunction may be intermittent or transient, and multiple mechanisms are probably involved.
Factors that may be involved are the infant having a poor sleep arousal mechanism, an inability to detect elevated CO2 levels in the blood, or a cardiac channelopathy that affects heart rhythm. Fewer than 5% of infants with SIDS have episodes of prolonged apnea before their death, so the overlap between the SIDS population and infants with recurrent prolonged apnea is very small. Epidemiology United States Sex Race Education Norristown Sex Race Education Diagnosis he cause of an infant death can be determined only through a process of collecting information, conducting sometimes complex forensic tests and procedures, and talking with parents and physicians Treatment and Prevention Treatment
Sids Outline Essay Example
There is not cure for SIDS but there is a ways to try to prevent SIDS by positioning the way the baby sleeps Primary Secondary Tertiary Prevention While SIDS isn’t completely preventable, parents can take measures to reduce their infant’s risk of SIDS: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all healthy infants under one year of age be placed on their backs to sleep.
Remember the slogan “back to sleep”. If you smoke, stop smoking before pregnancy and do not allow your baby to be exposed to passive smoke. Sleeping in a crib in a parent’s room is safer in terms of SIDS risk than sharing a bed with adults or sleeping in a room alone. Negative Health Effects Death Psychological Parents Risk Factors Stomach sleeping – This is probably the most significant risk factor, and sleeping on the stomach is associated with a higher incidence of SIDS.
It is unknown exactly why stomach sleeping increases the risk of SIDS, but doctors have hypothesized that either anatomical pressure on the airways or the phenomenon of “rebreathing” exhaled air with less oxygen might play a role. It is also possible that some babies’ brains may not respond as well to internal cues and stimulate waking when lower levels of oxygen are present in inhaled air. Exposure to cigarette smoke Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke, drugs, or alcohol
Earlier studies showed an increased incidence of SIDS in babies whose parents smoked and when they shared a bed with parents. Newer research confirms bedsharing as a risk factor for SIDS independently of cigarette smoking. Sleeping in a room alone also confers an increased risk when compared to babies who sleep in a crib in a parent’s room. Prematurity or low birth weight Poor prenatal care Mothers younger than 20 years of age.