Sir Christopher Wren
The difficulty in restoring the Cathedral standing in Wren’s way was the Clergy, which had to approve his designs, but Wren found a way around the Clergy’s watchful eye. Wren had to come up with a new design for St. Paul’s.
He also had to do so for about 51 other churches in the area, but the cathedral was his focus (Sir Christopher Wren, 2010). The design for the church had to be approved by the Clergy, and they were very picky with what they wanted. The first design he gave them is schematically similar to the original old church, but the Clergy wanted it to be different.So the second design he submitted was radically different, the Clergy rejected that too, the reason they gave is his design is religiously just too radical. Wrens design is referring to Greek Christians Cross with a massive dome on the end, and a small spire. The Clergy approved the third design, after Wren had to submit under the Clergies constraints to the design, Wren asks Charles III for some help to give him Architectural freedom, and Wren received permission to make variations, ornamental rather than essential changes to the design. Charles III grant Wren extensively uses throughout the construction of the new cathedral.
Sir Christopher Wren Essay Example
Wren secretly worked around the clergy politics he simply hides the construction using extra scaffolding the clergy could not see the changes until near completion. It has been said that Wren stood up on the scaffolding covering the paneling; that could not be seen from either side. Wren makes numerous changes to the design of the approved cathedral, almost all of the essential details changes or exaggerated. Wren had to hide all of his changes with scaffolding used as a screen from the Clergy, if Wren is discovered changing the design to the cathedral, Wren would have most certainly been fired from the project.Wrens trick is he kept it a secret so well the help of Charles III, had the clergy discovered it was too far along in the construction. If they wanted to undo all the changes, it would have cost them a fortune forced the Clergy to stay with the changes Wren makes. The major changes made by Wren in the design were the addition of two towers at the West end, and he made the dome much larger and removed the spire.
Other changes he made were in the naive the removal of three bays’ and a raised the aisles ceiling. The Hierarchical Domes construction is so large that it is the second largest dome in the world; it mimics Rome’s St Peters Dome.The Dome, from its cross at the peak, to its summit, stands at 365 feet, representing each day of the year (Saint Paul’s Cathedral, 2010). The large exterior serves no structural purpose its apex resting on an interior cone a circular base at the frame sits on a channel base with metal balls to combats movement eradicating cracks occurred in stresses. Architecturally; St. Paul’s Cathedral is a combination of several distinguishing parts of different historical buildings, the material made from Portland stone and features a stunning facade a medley of Renaissance and Baroque styles. The main space of the St.
Paul’s Cathedral description is one of the most interesting examples of European architecture in this time. Hampton Court Palace is a later renovation project. Wren developed his design strongly influenced other designers, as is apparent from the style of English vernacular building throughout the eighteenth century. His design is a based on symmetry the arrangements in windows, doors enhance a repetition to small variations to produce a line that leads to a Hierarchical center piece seen in the cathedral dome, in the palace at the south front wall a Central facade in white stone contrasts to the pink brick toned to pale Portland stone.The second floor separated with a white brick band in proportion to the effect from the enhanced round decorated white window’s, the resulting effect using contrasting color in the masonry notably raises the visitor’s eyebrows (Sporre, 2009). The Renaissance transition Period is the basis in thinking toward the future styles in Architecture just as philosophers began to think in other directions considering many theories Architects used echniques in art, science, and mathematics to construct or revamp styles considered beyond the current architectural fashions. Wren used these techniques in this new thinking era in the development of London new city encouraged by a greater expansion of the towns that took place during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
A new enhanced roads system, a growing merchant class, and increased security meant rapidly spreading suburbs. The old towns start rebuilding modernized and extended..In conclusion these late Renaissance Architects shaped today’s Architectural industry forming societies and began the instillation in a new Architectural learning structure, at that time Architecture is a scientist, mathematician’s hobby no formal Architectural education is starting in a formed structure in learning establishments. The construction industry gained valuable information from the past periods of the Renaissance and that of the Ages of Baroque period are a valuable insight in unlocking the techniques these Architects used to invent the theories behind the solutions to their problems.