Several years ago I read the Chinese version of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This book is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beechen Stows. This novel “helped lay the groundwork for Civil War”, accords to Will Kaufman.
This book brought me the knowledge that there was a time existing slavery in the world. Also see the determination of people to abolish slavery and how hard they have tried. Slavery in American began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American Of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the reduction of such lucrative crop as tobacco.Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation. The invention of the cotton gin in 1 793 solidified the central importance of slavery to the South’s economy. By the mid-19th century, America’s west. Vary expansion, along with a growing abolition movement in the North, would provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody American Civil War (1861-65).
Though the Union story freed the nation’s 4 million slaves, the legacy of slavery continued to influence American history, from the tumultuous years of Reconstruction (1865-77) to the civil rights movement that emerged in the 1 sass, a century after emancipation. What was it that brought slavery and freedom together, or in another word, what was it that made people unite and abolish slavery? First of all, let me explain what slave trade is. During the 16th and 1 7th, slave trade was a “business” which involved the importation of slaved to be used in the plantation, as described above.As can be seen, firearms, cloth salt and many other Items were shipped from the West to Africa, where they were swapped, or traded, for slaves, sometimes handed over by the chief of the tribe himself, who were then taken along the “Middle Passage”, which stretches across the Atlantic Ocean. After the Middle passage, the slave ships reach West Indies, where the slaves were traded for exotic good like rum and sugar. These were then taken back to Britain, completing the triangle. The slaves weren’t treated as human beings, but like goods.
Some of the slaves were thrown overboard, still alive.Most of the slaves died on the way to destination, which is because the terrible environment on the slave ship. When the slaves arrived things did not get much better. Generation to generation, slaves lost their family, freedom, even life. It was cruel. It is clear for us today, all man are created equal, there was no reason for a human being be treated inhumanity. Therefore, why must slavery abolished? There are several reason contribute to the result.
The white middle-class protesters consisted of many different people, some in Parliament, and some with other high positions.There is one in particular who is recognized, called William Wilier force, who campaigned against slavery in parliament, but he was not the only one. Many other Middle-class people fought to abolish slavery, such as Thomas Clarion and Granville Sharp, who together persuaded Willpower to bring up the matter in Parliament. Granville Sharp first began in his fight against slavery in 1765, when he befriended an escaped slavery named Jonathan Strong. Strong unfortunately was spotted by his former slave owner, who tried to sell him back to the West Indies’ plantations.Sharp took the case to court, and won, meaning Strong was free. This inspired Granville Sharp to continue to fight for slaves in court, and the number of win piled up.
He then continue aiding slaves until 1787, when he met Thomas Clarion, who had published a prize-winning essay on whether it was lawful or not to make slaves of humans. Together, they formed the Society for the Abolition of the Slave trade. Thomas Jefferson also plays an important role in slavery abolition. Thomas Jefferson was a consistent opponent of slavery his whole life.Calling it a “moral depravity” and a “hideous blot,” he believed that slavery presented the greatest threat to the survival of the new American nation. Jefferson also thought that slavery was contrary to the laws of nature, which decreed that everyone had a right to personal liberty. These views were radical in a world where unfreeze labor was the norm.
At the time of the American Revolution, Jefferson was actively involved in legislation that he hoped would result in slavery’s abolition. In 1 778, he drafted a Virginia law that prohibited the importation of enslaved Africans.In 1 784, he proposed n ordinance that would ban slavery in the Northwest Territories. But Jefferson always maintained that the decision to emancipate slaves would have to be part of a democratic process; abolition would be stymied until slave-owners consented to free their human property together in a large- scale act of emancipation. To Jefferson, it was anti-democratic and contrary to the principles of the American Revolution for the federal government to enact abolition or for only a few planters to free their slaves. These are powerful strength from white middle class to fight against slavery.It was not just white people that struggled for the abolishment of slavery; the enslaved has gone as well! Elizabeth Freeman, a slave, sued her master for her freedom on the basis of a paraphrase of the Declaration of Independence written in to the recently adopted state constitution:” all men are born free and equal.
” If so, then how could someone own her? The judges agreed, ruling slavery unconstitutional in the state. One person stood out above the rest of me, though: Aloud Equation. Life stated off for Aloud in the Oboe Province, where he and his sister were kidnapped and sold into slavery when hey were old.They were then taken across the Atlantic Ocean to Barbados, and then to Virginia. While there, he was sold to Michael Pascal, a Ana officer who after remaining Aloud, teaching him to read and write, and spending eight years sailing with him, sold him on to the prominent merchant Robert King. Equation then managed to buy his own freedom, by trading alongside King. After traveling the world as a free man for twenty years, he became involved in the protest against slavery.
He also became a member of the “Son of Africa”, who were black former slave campaigning against slavery.In 1789, he published his autobiography, which was “The interesting Narrative of the life of Aloud Equation or Gustavo Vass. ” His example encouraged many other slaves to revolt, especially in Haiti, where they managed to completely overthrow the plantation there. Other plantation owner, who had heard the news, lived in fear that their slaves may have got the same idea. Those are description about black protest fight against slavery, fight for their own liberty. Without their own determination there will not be ones fight for someone else’s freedom.Another reason for the abolition of slavery is partly due to economic.
What this means is that slavery was an issue of economics to the South, and a moral dilemma for those Americans who lived in the North. By the mid-1850 the spirit of accommodation had all but vanished. Northern interest in Emancipation pushed by abolitionists, eroded relations between families North and South. William Lloyd Garrison’s liberator was the extremist voice of abolitionism, calling for immediate emancipation of the slaves by extralegal means if necessary.Although are not representative of majority abolitionists opinion, this voice roused the deep seated fear of slave insurrection among Southerners, who pointed to the actions of Denmark Vessel, Mat Turner, and finally John Brown, as examples footpath could become a horror as great as Hag’s blood bath. As the Northern anti-slave movement changed its tactics from direct political action – for example, a tax on slavery in the state legislature – to general moral condemnation of all Southerners, Southern attitudes began to set.In the early sass’s the South had claimed the arrest number of anti-slavery societies; by the mid-1850 all such societies were north of Mason Dixon Line.
From an uneasy mood over slavery, Southerners evolved a “positive good” philosophy and argued that slave owners provided shelter, food, care, and regulation for a race unable to compete in the modern world without proper training.