Slavery and Triangular Trade Route

8 August 2016

More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope’ revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue • English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit

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Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) • North: o Family farms Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government – town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated • South lantation farms Larger slave population for profits

Less women Lower life expectancy Majority population (black) Sugar, rice, tobacco Government – county gov. Less education Less populated Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) • • • • • • • Starving – time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization

Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co. : o Triangular trade route How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) • Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. • Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops •

Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were ‘saving’ the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to 1750. (2005) • Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop – city on a hill o Roger Williams – separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact • Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon’s Rebellion

Slaves – Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company – more government control • Comparisons: o Triangle trade o o o o Mercantilism Indentures servants Headright system – work for land Navigation Acts – 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971)  Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses

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