Smoking Profile and Emotional Intelligence of CLSU Smokers Essay Sample

Tobacco usage is a first subscriber to deceases from persistent and chronic diseases. There are 10 Filipinos who die every hr due to the wellness hazards caused by coffin nail smoke. In malice of the Torahs forbiding coffin nail advertizements. a figure of immature tobacco users have continued to turn. It appears to be upseting that tobacco users tend to be acquiring younger. Harmonizing to Everett ( 2002 ) of the Office on Smoking and Health National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. bulk of pupils aged 16 old ages and older ( 60. 4 % ) reported to hold smoked a whole coffin nail. and 11. 1 % initiated smoke at the age 10 or younger. Furthermore. age of smoking induction was significantly related to current frequent smoke. day-to-day smoke and whether pupils had of all time smoked daily. A younger age of smoking induction was associated with smoking more coffin nails per twenty-four hours that was originating at an older age. Many surveies had been already conducted with respects to cigarette smoke. Exposure to cigarette advertisement and holding a comrade who smoked was prognostic of current smoke position ( G. Botvin. Goldberg. Botvin & A ; Dusenbury. 1993 ) .

Adolescents with high exposure to cigarette advertisement were significantly to be tobacco users. Students who live in families with tobacco users were more likely to smoke. but parental disapproval of smoke was associated with a lower smoke rate ( Martini & A ; Sulistyowati. 2004 ) . In add-on. harmonizing to Da Silva Pinto and Aparecida Ribeiro ( 2007 ) . the undermentioned factors were related with smoking induction and current smoke: wonder. presence of tobacco users as societal contacts. non being praised for non smoking. and comprehending oneself as holding hapless or mean scholastic public presentation. With respects to scholastic public presentation specifically. the consequence showed that the pupils who reported norm or below mean scholastic public presentation were more predisposed to the generation and care of the smoke wont. Furthermore. in footings of cognitive province of pupils. it is found that nicotine consumption could increase watchfulness and knowledge. Personality on the other manus besides considers a great forecaster to utilize coffin nail fume. These personality dimensions are extroversion ( E ) . amenity ( A ) . conscientiousness ( C ) . neurosis or deficiency of emotional-stability ( N ) . and openness to Experience ( O ) .

Extraversion is characterized as being energetic. chatty. sociable ; amenity is characterized as being friendly. swearing. generous. and tolerant ; conscientiousness is considered as being cautious. orderly. reliable. graceful. and responsible ; neurosis is characterized as being terse. dying. and emotionally-unstable ; openness is considered to be inventive. and focused on wisdom. art. cognition. and objectiveness ( Friedman & A ; Schustack. 2003 ; Goldberg. 1990 ; McCrae & A ; John. 1992 ) . From this background. the research worker wants to find the smoke profile of the respondents and find the degree of emotional intelligence ( self-awareness. self motive. pull offing emotions and empathy ) of CLSU tobacco user pupils.

It besides aims to cognize the important relationship between socio-demographic features ( age. twelvemonth degree. hebdomadal allowance and figure of household members ) and smoking profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke ( day-to-day ) . trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure Of friends who smoke and their grounds of smoking ) of the CLSU tobacco user pupils in footings of their emotional intelligence occur. It besides aims to cognize the important relationship between difference in gender. academic position and beginnings of coffin nails of the CLSU tobacco user pupils in footings of their emotional intelligence exists. Review of Related Literature

This portion of the research contains related literatures about smoke. It includes research findings that show how age and gender are associated with smoking behaviour. Besides. the factors act uponing smoking behaviour was discussed. In add-on. the ulterior portion shows the association between smoking and scholastic public presentation. Socio-demographic characteristic and Cigarette smoke

Age and Cigarette smoke. Based on the research conducted by Das. Ghosh. Sarkar. Joardar. Chatterjee and Chaterjee ( 2011 ) ; the function of different factors that are related with induction and continuance of adolescent smoke between the age groups of 14 and 19 old ages was found to be well influenced with holding seen best friend. male parent. sibling or even favourite film star fume and besides with having pocket money. The consequence has the prevalence of 21. 58 % of coffin nail smoke among early tobacco users. A new study reveals that 14 per centum of 13 to 15-year-old pupils around the universe presently smoke coffin nails. In add-on. the study found that about 25 per centum of pupils who smoke tried their first coffin nail by the age of 10 and that most immature tobacco users want to discontinue.

Meanwhile. on a survey with the smoke surcease in immature grownups: age at induction of coffin nail smoke. consequences showed that the possibly of surcease was significantly higher in tobacco users who initiated smoke after age of 13. The hazard ratio for discontinuing associated with smoking induction at ages 14 to 16. The hazard ratio for discontinuing related with smoking induction at ages 14 to 16 was 1. 6 and with induction at or after age 17 was 2. 0. compared with induction at or before 13 old ages of age. Factors that decreased the chance of surcease were nicotine dependance and low instruction ( N. Breslau and E. L. Peterson. 1996 ) .

Gender and Cigarette smoke. In most of the universe. being male is the greatest forecaster than female for baccy usage. with overall prevalence about four times higher among work forces than adult females globally ( 48 % versus 12 % ) . The Global Youth Tobacco Survey ( 2002 ) . nevertheless. show that misss are smoking about every bit much as immature male childs and that misss and male childs are utilizing non-cigarette baccy merchandises such as spit baccy and H2O pipes at similar rates. Academic Performance/Grades and Cigarette Smoking. Smoke is strongly correlated with academic public presentation. Harmonizing to the survey conducted by Washington State Healthy Youth Survey ( 2002 ) . pupils who earn better classs are less likely to smoke. The study found that among 8th grade pupils who received most D or F classs. 23. 7 % were tobacco users. Among the C pupils. 13. 9 were tobacco users. 8. 2 % of pupils describing largely B classs were tobacco users and among the A pupils. 3. 9 % were tobacco users. In add-on. a 2000 survey in Nicotine and Tobacco Research reported that more than 40 % of male tobacco users were suspended or dropped out of school. The IQ was non significantly different in the 3rd class for those pupils who became tobacco users and those who did non.

The Harvard College Alcohol Study found that tobacco users are 27. 0 % less likely than nonsmokers to hold an above B class norm which is tobacco users have lower grade point norm than nonsmokers ( Rigotti. 2000 ) . In add-on. day-to-day tobacco users were found to hold even lower GPAs than bad drinkers ( Halperin and Eytan. 2000 ) . Peer Influences and Smoking

Exposing of coffin nail smoke of equal. comrade or member of a household who engaged on smoke would be large factors that can act upon the immature tobacco users ( G. J. Botvin. C. J. Goldberg. E. M. Botvin & A ; L Dusenbury. 1993 ) . Peer smoke was most strongly related to single smoke position ( Ogawa. Tominaga and Gellert. 1988 ) . Hinse ( 1998 ) discovered that pupils who smoked merely on occasion reported to experience popular and braver when smoke. It besides reported that they did non experience socially outcast. Based on the survey of Rodrigues and Audrain-McGovern ( 2003 ) . striplings with decreasing or fickle engagement in smoking were about three times more likely than striplings with high engagement to be current tobacco users in 11th class. The consequence besides indicated that nonwhites were at peculiar hazard for diminishing and unpredictable forms of engagement in smoke. Personality and Cigarette Smoking

Surveies of smoker’s personality have a long and controversial history. Smokers are likely to be more extrospective. tense. and dying and have more antisocial features than nonsmokers. However. the strength of the relationship between personality and smoke is weak. likely because tobacco users are non a homogenous group ( Patton D. Barnes GE and Murray RP. 1997 ) . Traits and Cigarette Smoking

Extraversion. Extrovert people are considered to be more prone to baccy usage. Peoples who are extremely extroverted are peculiarly inclined to prosecute in multiple. hazardous wellness behaviours such as smoke and imbibing ( Vollrath. M. . & A ; Torgersen. S. ( 2002 ) . Williams. Siegler. suggested that kids who showed marks of extraversion at ages from 5 to 8 were more likely to imbibe 20 old ages subsequently. Peoples who were measured early in life and later began smoking were more esthesis seeking. and were socially extroverted while in college ( Lipkus et al. . 1994 ) .

Emotional Stability. Peoples who are prone to negative tempers. such as unhappiness and anxiousness tend to smoke. Most tobacco users learn to utilize coffin nails as a manner to cover with emphasis. Smoke can deflect a individual from his or her problems. Because smoke is frequently a societal activity. some people find that illuming a coffin nail brings to mind feelings of group support. This can soothe people in times of emphasis. In add-on. an addicted tobacco user will experience better after smoking because it relieves nicotine backdown symptoms ( Moffitt. 2000 ) .

Curiosity. Curiosity of the tobacco user may be a critical mark to smoke. Logistic arrested development showed wonder and susceptibleness to smoke were independently associated with increased hereafter smoke in all ne’er tobacco users ( John P. Pierce. Janet M. Distefan. Robert M. Kaplan. Elizabeth A. Gilpin. 2004 ) . Summary of Review Related Literature

Population of coffin nail tobacco users presents is continously turning. Assorted researches have been made to look for the possible causes. Every person has his ain ground for prosecuting himself to cigarette smoke. Surveies found that the factors act uponing college pupils in coffin nail smoke are in the functions of smoking-related beliefs. and parent and peer psychosocial factors as ancestors and effects of adolescent smoking surcease. And the large factors that can act upon the immature tobacco users are by exposing of coffin nail smoke of equal. comrade or member of a household who engaged on smoke. Furthermore. with respects to cigarette smoke and classs. pupils who earn better classs are less likely to smoke. In add-on. day-to-day tobacco users were found to hold even lower GPAs than bad drinkers. Smoke is strongly correlated with academic public presentation. Harmonizing to the survey conducted by Washington State Healthy Youth Survey ( 2002 ) . pupils who earn better classs are less likely to smoke.

Sing to the students’ behaviour and academic public presentation. bulk of the survey found out that. smoke was significantly related to high absence rates. low achievement trial tonss. and low class point norms during simple school old ages. prior to the oncoming of smoke. Findingss showed that equal smoke was most strongly related to single smoke position. In add-on. functions of smoking-related beliefs. parents and peer psychosocial factors as ancestors and effects of immature people smoking expiration. In add-on. consequence indicated that tobacco users who subsequently quit smoking were different from those who continued to smoke. Furthermore. pupils who smoked merely on occasion. experience that they are popular and braver when they are smoking and did non experience socially outcast.

Besides. study found that about 25 per centum of pupils who smoke tried their first coffin nail by the age of 10 and that most immature tobacco users want to discontinue. Furthermore. tobacco users are likely to be more extrospective. tense. and dying and have more antisocial features than nonsmokers. However. the strength of the relationship between personality and smoke is weak. likely because tobacco users are non a homogenous group ( Patton D. Barnes GE and Murray RP. 1997 ) . In footings of the traits that trigger tobacco users to smoke. harmonizing to Pierce. Distefan. Kaplan. Gilpin. ( 2004 ) wonder of the tobacco user may be a critical mark to smoke. Logistic arrested development showed wonder and susceptibleness to smoke were independently associated with increased hereafter smoke in all ne’er tobacco users. Statement of the Problem

This survey deals with the smoke profile and emotional intelligence of college pupils. Particularly. it aimed to reply the undermentioned inquiry: 1. What are the smoke profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke. trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure of friends who smoke grounds of smoke and their negative and positive experiences ) of CLSU tobacco user pupils? 2. What is the degree of emotional intelligence ( self-awareness. self motive. pull offing emotions and empathy ) of CLSU tobacco user pupils? 3. Is there a important relationship between socio-demographic features ( age. hebdomadal allowance and figure of siblings ) of CLSU tobacco user and their emotional intelligence? Is there a important relationship between their smoke profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. figure of siblings fumes. figure of friends’ fumes and sum of money spend for coffin nail ) and their emotional intelligence? 4. Is there a important difference in gender. male parent and female parent who smoke ; beginning of coffin nail and academic position of the CLSU tobacco user pupils in footings of their emotional intelligence?

Research Hypothesis
1. The research worker characterizes the smoking profile such as age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke ( day-to-day ) . trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure Of friends who smoke and their grounds of smoke. 2. The research worker assumed that the degrees of emotional intelligence ( self-awareness. self motive. pull offing emotions and empathy ) of college pupils who are engage in coffin nail smoke are low. 3. There is a important relationship between socio-demographic features ( age. hebdomadal allowance and figure of household members ) CLSU tobacco user pupils with that of their emotional intelligence. This is besides the same with their smoke profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. figure of siblings fumes. figure of friends’ fumes and sum of money spend for coffin nail ) and emotional intelligence. 4. There is a important difference in gender. male parent and female parent who smoke ; beginning of coffin nail and academic position of the CLSU tobacco user pupils in footings of their emotional intelligence. Significance of the Study

This survey aims to find the degree of Emotional Intelligence of the pupil tobacco users in Central Luzon State University. Determining the emotional intelligence of college pupils who are engaged in coffin nail smoke is of import. The survey could function as a tool for assisting persons on avoiding smoke. Once the degree of emotional intelligence bunchs that might be related to smoke was determined. it may assist others to supervise theirs and can modify it if they think it can somehow take them to smoking.

In add-on. through this survey. the university would be informed with respects to the smoke profile of its pupils. In add-on. this survey could be a mean in supplying better apprehension of the behaviour of persons towards coffin nail smoke. This survey is relevant in the Philippines since today one of the issues that the Department of Health is seeking to decide is cigarette smoke.

Scope and Restriction
The present survey focuses on the smoke profile and emotional intelligence of Central Luzon State University ( CLSU ) college pupils. This survey was limited to the college pupils who are engaged in coffin nail smoke and are presently enrolled in CLSU. In general. this survey describes the smoke profile and their emotional intelligence.

Theoretical Model
This survey utilized emotional intelligence theory of Daniel Goleman. Goleman ( 1998 ) listed five constituents of emotional intelligence that an effectual single exhibits: ego consciousness. pull offing emotion. self direction. empathy and societal accomplishment. Self consciousness means holding a deep apprehension of one’s emotion. strength and failings. every bit good as their on others. Pull offing emotion is the ability to command or airt riotous urges. to believe before moving. Self direction is defined as a passion to work for grounds that go beyond money or position. Empathy is the ability to understand the emotional make-up of the other people. Social accomplishment. the concluding constituent. is proficiency in pull offing relationship and edifice webs. with ability to happen common land and construct resonance.

The theory was chosen in understanding the survey since the research worker assumes that the degrees of emotional intelligence of the college student’s tobacco user have a relationship with their smoke profile.

Conceptual Model
Chiefly. this survey aims to find the socio-demographic feature. smoking profile and emotional intelligence of CLSU college
pupils who are engaged in coffin nail smoke. The conceptual paradigm shows the relationship of variables. The independent variables are the socio-demographic features ( age. hebdomadal allowance and figure of household members ) and the smoke profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke. trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure of friends who smoke and their grounds of smoking ) of the participants which have a relationship to emotional intelligence ( self-awareness. self motive. pull offing emotions and empathy ) . Conceptual Paradigm

Fig. 1. Conceptual paradigm shows the relationship of the socio-demographic features of the respondents ( age. twelvemonth degree. hebdomadal allowance and figure of household member ) and their smoke profile age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke ( day-to-day ) . trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure Of friends who smoke and their grounds of smoke are assumed to hold relationship on their emotional intelligence ( self-awareness. self direction. pull offing emotions and empathy ) .

Methodology
Participants
One hundred 19 ( 119 ) pupils in Central Luzon State University of S. Y. 2011-2012 were selected through Purposive Sampling. This survey was limited merely with the pupils who are engaged on smoke. The average age of the participants of this survey is 19. 83. On the other manus. the age in which the respondents started smoke has a mean of 14. 88. Instrument

The research worker used a questionnaire composed of three parts. The first portion was composed of the socio-demographic features of the respondents ( participant’s age. hebdomadal allowance. figure of household member ) and their smoke profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nail per twenty-four hours. money spend for smoke. trade name of coffin nail. beginning of coffin nail. activities while smoking. topographic points where smoke. tempers that triggers smoking. clip of smoke. comrades when smoke. figure of sibling who smoke. parents who smoke. figure Of friends who smoke and their grounds of smoking ) . The 2nd portion includes points about their smoke pofile ( as to how they smoke. when they smoke. where they smoke. and with whom they smoke ) . This is answerable by multiple responses.

The 3rd portion measured the respondents’ emotional intelligence. This subtest is a questionnaire developed by Lupdag ( 2001 ) . The usage of the questionnaire was approved by the writer. The points were answered utilizing the undermentioned graduated table:

SD = Strongly Disagree
D =Disagree
N =I can non state anything
A =Agree
SA =Strongly Agree
Data Gathering Procedure
The research worker used purposive sampling to look for college pupil who are presently enrolled at Central Luzon State University for the School Year 2011-2012. and who admitted to be cigarette tobacco users. Selected pupils were asked foremost for their consent and engagement. After the credence of the petition. the research worker gave the study questionnaire to the respondents for assemblage of the information. Data Analysis





Descriptive statistics ( agencies. frequences and per centums ) were used to find the smoke profile every bit good as the emotional intelligence of the respondents. To prove if important relationships between variables occur. Pearson Correlation was used. On the other manus. T-test and Analysis of Variance ( ANOVA ) was used to find if important differences between and among variables occur.

Consequences and Discussion

This portion of the survey shows the consequences and reading of the informations gathered with respects to the smoke profile and emotional intelligence of CLSU pupils smokers’ . The first portion of the consequence and treatment includes the socio demodraphic feature of CLSU pupil tobacco users. The 2nd portion discusses the smoke profile of CLSU pupil tobacco users. Following to it is the treatment of the degree of emotional intelligence of CLSU tobacco users. It is so followed by the consequence of the trial of difference and the treatment of socio demographic features ( gender and academic position ) and smoking profile ( if parents are smoking ) in footings of the emotional intelligence. The last portion is the trial of relationship and the treatment of the relationship of smoking profile ( age when smoke started. figure of coffin nails. figure of friends who smoke and amount spend for coffin nail ) and emotional intelligence.

A limited
time offer!
Save Time On Research and Writing. Hire a Professional to Get Your 100% Plagiarism Free Paper