Social influence in psychology

6 June 2017

Therefore, upon examination of the entities of an individual’s social status can lead to the study of behavioral occurrences, like aggression and violence among children. Social influence can change an individual over time. Psychology is the cience of human and animal behavior; behavior is sometimes advert, or public” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). There are many types of behavior; some patterns in lower forms described as instincts, such as a child playing with a toy. Behavior can range from simple, involuntary reflexes, and too complicated. (Bornstein et al. , 2010). Like science, finding a cause for behavior was achieved by the use of research and theories. However, research initiates with a problem that requires special attention to resolve. Aggression and Violent Behaviors

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Aggression is “an attack or hostile action directed towards another person or thing. Aggression and violence are two forms of behavior, which are associated with one another, but do not necessarily happen at the same time. When an individual lashes out, this physical aggression is “hostile aggression” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, p. 643). Children react from violent acts or aggressive behavior, within society we live in aggression and violence play an important role in culture differences. To describe the content in which behavior is measured is variables.

The second type of ggressive behavior that occurs within children is “instrumental aggression,” meaning where the persons behavior is pragmatic or calm” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, p. 643). Influences on Behavior First, the association between violence and aggression at school among children shows awareness that exposed to violence within the school can influence a child’s behavior. (“Social Consequences Alone in Groups,” 2010, p. 1). These groups have a social impact on a child’s social behavior, when discussing violence.

Having an understanding of how violence exposure related to children, may inform use of reventive interventions aimed at reducing violence. During a child’s life, parents play an important role. Often parents look for aggressive behavior and not knowing if behavior is normal, action needs to be taken. Many parents look for clues or aggression and violence among their own children. If a parent that shows aggressive or violent behavior brings up a child, the child will follow the same footsteps later on in life. The behavior that a parent displays socially to their child becomes appropriate behavior.

Nevertheless, a parent can increase a child’s chances by eveloping this trait of behavior by commenting on the child’s behavior. Negative comments will increase aggressive and violent behavior. Peer Group and Behavior All of these social behaviors are manipulable by changing within a group. When individuals gather groups, the fewer the number the fewer negative social comments. “Social loafing and social facilitation have been linked in experiments in the past, but social loafing and deindividuation is not affiliated. Social loafing is a general finding that when people perform in groups but do less work or put less effort when working alone. There are keys elements linked to social loafing: the identifiability of participants, evaluation of performance within a group, difficulty of the task, and expectations” (Arnett, 1996, Para. 2). Social behavior can influence a child’s life. Social facilitation is which children perform better alone or within a small group. Children do better performing a single task, but performance worse in a larger group. If the child is subjected to feel uncomfortable, aggressive behavior can result.

In recent years, “social loafing and social facilitation were the same” (Arnett, 996, Para. 4). Deindividuation is a finding that a group of individuals produces more deviant, aggressive, or sociable unacceptable behaviors. These variables involve children in-group behaviors, when left alone. A child will look at a group of individuals that they need acceptance from; the child will look for a way to be accepted. By modeling, this specific behavior within a group is using available references of the group, to distinguish behaviors. Some obvious precursors of aggression of children are which the child is being harassed or teased.

These items rought on will influence the child to show violent behavior, and be aggressive towards other individuals. The social influence that a child receives affects behavior in many ways. The child may be finding difficulty in school, home, or with friends. The child will seek reinforcement, by looking to fit in a positive social group. Looking to help a child with behavior therapeutic intervention determines by how the parent feels if the child’s behavior is normal and there is no sign of aggression. Social is the way an individual behaves, thinks, and feels.

The roots of aggressive behavior lie in social rewards, punishments, and cognitive processes such as observational learning. The general model for aggression states that people interact with situations to determine the general output. The capacity for aggression and violence appears to be innate, but aggression and violence depend on learning and culture” (Kowalski & westen, 2009). Conclusion Human behavior when speaking of has factors that influence development of social behavior. Social behavior influence people, while biological traits aid to the ehavioral patterns.

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