Sociology and Social Distribution
1 Different theories of crime, deviance, social order and social control •Different definitions of crime, deviance, social order and social control •The distinction between sociological theories of crime and other theories (eg biological, psychological); crime and deviance as socially constructed •Functionalist theories of crime: Durkheim, anomie, collective conscience; Merton’s strain theory; manifest and latent functions; functionalist subcultural theories •Marxist and neo-Marxist theories of crime: classical Marxism, laws reflecting class interests; Neo-Marxism, hegemony, the CCCS studies, critical and new criminology •Interactionist theories of crime: labelling theory, the self-fulfilling prophecy •Feminist theories of crime: patriarchy, male control of women’s lives •Control theory and other contemporary approaches to crime: social bonds, communitarianism, situational prevention; postmodern theories; Foucault on individualisation and surveillance •Realist theories: New Left Realism and Right Realism •The relevance of the various theories to understanding different types of crime, and their implications for social policy.
2 The social distribution of crime and deviance by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends in crime •Study of statistics and other evidence on the social distribution of crime by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends •Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance by age: juvenile delinquency and youth crime •Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and ethnicity: explanations from different theories, racism in the criminal justice system •Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and gender: explanations of the rates of male and female crime, the gendering of crime, chivalry thesis, the gender deal •Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and locality: rural and urban crime •Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and social class: explanations from different theories; white collar crime; occupational crime.
Sociology and Social Distribution Essay Example
3 Globalisation and crime in contemporary society; the mass media and crime; green crime; human rights and state crimes •Globalisation and crime: examples and explanations of globalised crimes such as web-based crimes, global trades in drugs, weapons and people; global corporate crime •Mass media and crime: media’s role in social construction of crime including moral panics and amplification; crime and news values and agenda setting; representations of crime (both fact and fiction) •Green crime: definitions, criminalisation of environmental offences; extent, enforcement of green crimes: environmental laws, corporate and state environmental crimes, crimes against non-human species •Human rights and state crimes: international rules and norms and examples of violations of them; human rights violations; state crimes.
4 Crime control, prevention and punishment, victims, and the role of the criminal justice system and other agencies •Crime control, prevention and punishment: contemporary policies, linked to the theories studied under point 1; surveillance, zero tolerance, anti-social behaviour orders, expansion of imprisonment •Victims of crime: statistics and other evidence on victims of crime; ethnicity, age and gender; different theoretical accounts, eg positivist and radical victimology •Role of the criminal justice system and other agencies. 5 The sociological study of suicide and its theoretical and methodological implications •Durkheim’s classic study of suicide, including typologies •Interpretivist responses to Durkheim, eg Atkinson, Douglas •Realist approaches, eg Taylor’s ‘people under trains’ •The theoretical and methodological implications of the different approaches of the study of suicide.