Sociology and Social Hierarchy

Compare the main features of the social structure of the Classical Civilizations in the Mediterranean, China, & India: The social structures in all three of these classical civilizations differ in various ways. In classical India, the social hierarchy was founded upon the very strict caste system. The caste system assigned occupations and regulated marriages. The hierarchy of this civilization was also based off of having husbands being the dominant ones in the family.

One Indian code even recommended for wives to worship their husbands. The bottom of the caste system however, was extremely harsh. Low caste system individuals had few legal rights. There was also less personal contact between high and low groups due to their separation. In classical India merchants were living the high life. Compared to China and the Mediterranean, India was very big on trading. In China the social structure was more loose compared to what India had. In China you could be the ruler of what you wanted to do in life.

You could go from being on the low end of the caste system to being on the high end of it, if you were to work hard enough. The social hierarchy was still based on men being the head of the household, and in China merchants were not as much worshipped as they were in India. The Mediterranean also had a loose caste system, and they were very similar to China. In Greece, the Athenians developed the equality for all people by creating city states. Why did the results of Han China’s decline differ from those of the Roman Empire’s decline?

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