Theory: Solution Focus Key Concepts Solution Focus therapy is illustrated by techniques The miracle question Exception questions Scaling questions Presupposing change. Moving towards solution Goal formulation Solution focus therapy is grounded on a positive orientation. The view of solution focus is people are healthy, competent, and resourceful, and have the ability to construct solutions to enhance their lives. This therapy is concerned with looking for what is working with the assistant of the therapist.
The therapy process is to focus on creating solutions rather than talking about the problems Key Theorists Steve de Shazer Insoo Kim Berg Appropriate Populations for the Theory Solution focus can be used with children families’ court mandated, addictions, depression, relationship difficulties, relationship breakdown, eating disorders, and anger management. Inappropriate Populations for the Theory Solution focus is brief so for clients that are need of in depth long-term therapy should not seek solution focus therapy.
It is also not good for clients who are dependent and clients with mental health issues.
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Therapist’s Role The therapist ‘s role is to see a person as more than their problem, to look for dentify and amplify existing strengths and resources, and to identify and make use of ‘exceptions to the rule. The therapist focus is on is on identification of solutions, In the process of therapy the therapist involves building rapport, identifying problem patterns, establishing goals, exploring strengths and solutions, emphasizing positive coping and predicting, and preparing for relapse.
This should be done by asking scaling questions, paraphrasing, listening and giving the client ideas to think about. Client’s Role The client learns to build the elements that will be given by the therapist which will orm the basis for ongoing change. The client instead of searching for the cause of the problem the focus is on defining the changes and making them a reality. Also the should focus on unblocking the negative thinking as well as learn that there are exceptions to every problem. Theory Strengths It is collaborative in its approach. It focuses on the client competencies.
There are exceptions to every problem. Help clients to view their problems in a different light. Help client to understand small change fosters bigger change. Helps clients to want to change, giving them the capacity to change and to do their best to make change appen. Corey, G. (2005). Key Terms Miracle question- is a technique that counselors can use to assist clients to think ‘outside the square’ in regard to new possibilities and outcomes for the future. Exception Questions-Having an understanding of what the client hopes to achieve and the counselor and client can begin to work towards these solutions.
Scaling Questions- invites the clients to perceive their problem on a continuum. Scaling questions ask clients to consider their position on a scale (usually from 1 to 10, with one being the least desirable situation and 10 being the most desirable). Presupposing change-when the clients is focused on changing the negative aspects (or problems) in their lives, positive changes can often be overlooked, or discounted due to the ongoing presence of the problem. Is this Theory Research-based. Researched and Evidenced.
Special Training Requirements SFBT therapists should posses the requisite training and certification in mental possess (a) a minimum of a master’s degree in a counseling discipline such as counseling, social work, marriage and family therapy, psychology, or psychiatry; (b) formal training and supervision in solution-focused brief therapy, either via a niversity class or a series of workshops and training. Narrative Externalizing the Problem Unique Outcomes Alternative Narratives Micheal White David Epston Clients requiring long term therapy. Narrative Therapy can be challenging when the individual is not articulate.
Lack of confidence, intellectual capacity and other issues could also undermine the expression of the individual through a narrative. The therapists’ role is to listen attentively to clients stories to search for times in the clients lives when they were resourceful. Ask questions in a way to engage the Become active facilitators. Show openness and empathy. Help clients construct a preferred alternative story. To help client separate the problem from the people instead of person own the problem. To create a collaborative relationship with the client being the senior partner.
Having empowerment. To realize they are the expert, of his/her story instead of attempting to predict it. This standpoint enables the client to explore many of the important aspects of good interpersonal communication, such as: demonstration of care, interest, respectful curiosity, openness, empathy, and fascination. Theory Strengths Narrative Therapy allows the client to search his or her past and find a hidden roblem that the client finds is dominating their lives. The past can be painful for the client, and the client may find relief when they are able to edit and rewrite their story.
This theory strength also focuses on the client’s strengths and opportunities for growth rather than weaknesses and failures. This includes the client to begin the process of change and re-authoring. Theory Limitations Narrative is a fairly new theory despite being a widely used approach, particularly when combined with other therapeutic approaches; Narrative Therapy has certain boundaries and limitations. Diverse clients may expect the therapist to act as the xpert, instead of having to ‘conduct’ the conversation themselves.
This can make Narrative Therapy challenging when the individual are not articulate or have lack of confidence, intellectual capacity. Deconstructive show how stories are constructed; situate narratives in larger systems. Renaming- Support client efficacy by sharing authorship and expertise with client. Perspective-explore other people’s views of the client. patient efficacy regarding the problem. Hypothetical Stimulate patient’s imagination to envision different,(MlRACLE) more hopeful futures. Preference Check to make sure that exceptional moments are actually preferred to he problem story; establish patient preferences.