Spain Essay Research Paper Introduction
Spain Essay, Research Paper
& # 8220 ; When you cross the mountains that divide France from Spain you step into another universe. Europe ends at the Pyrenees, and the land beyondthe mountains has a character and personality that are strikingly different. The Sun beats down pitilessly on a state that is beautiful. & # 8221 ;
The Civil War in the late 1930 & # 8217 ; s brought General Franco to power as dictator. He ruled the state until he died in 1975. Spain became a democracy after the decease. Until the mid 1900 & # 8217 ; s, Spain was one of the most undeveloped states in Europe. Spain largely contained little, unsuccessful, farms because of the dry dirt. During the 50 & # 8217 ; s and 60 & # 8217 ; s, Spain took on a rapid phase of economic development and is now an industrial state. Today more people work in building and fabrication than on farms.
Basic Timeline History of Spain
1000 & # 8217 ; s BC 400 & # 8217 ; s BC 200 & # 8217 ; s BC 400 & # 8217 ; s AD 711-18 1000 & # 8217 ; s 1479 1492 1512 1556-98 1588 1808 1808-14 1810-25 1898 1931 1936-39 1950 & # 8217 ; s-60 & # 8217 ; s 1975 1978 1982 1998 2000 The Phoenicians began to colonise Spain. The Carthaginians conquered much of Spain. The Romans drove the Carthaginians from Spain. The Visigoths took Spain from the Romans. The Moors conquered about all of Spain. Christian kingdoms began to drive the Moors from Spain. The lands of Aragon and Castile united, conveying about all of what is Spain now under one regulation. Spanish forces conquered Granada, the last centre of Moorish control in Spain. Christopher Columbus sailed to America and claimed it for Spain. Kind Ferdinand V seized the Kingdom of Navarre, finishing the fusion of what is now Spain. The Spanish Empire reached it & # 8217 ; s top out, and began to worsen under the reign of Philip II. The English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada. Napoleon & # 8217 ; s ground forcess seized Madrid. English, Portuguese, and Spanish forces drive the Gallic from Spain during the Peninsula War. All Spain & # 8217 ; s American settlements except Cuba and Puerto Rico revolted and declared their independency. By this clip, Spain had lost about all it & # 8217 ; s imperium. Spain loses Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines in the Spanish-American War. King Alfonso XIII fled the state and Spain became a democratic democracy. The Spanish Civil War was fought, conveying General Franco to power as Dictator of Spain. Spain achieves one of the highest rates of economic growing in the universe. Franco dies. Spaniards start puting up a new democratic authorities. Spaniards O.K. a new fundamental law based on democratic rules. Spain joins NATO. The Basque separationists motion declared a cease fire and raised hopes to stop 30 old ages of force. Separatists resume their terrorist onslaughts.
The Education System in Spain is much like that of the 1 in Canada. Spanish jurisprudence requires all kids from ages 6-13 to go to school. Many kids quit school when they reached 14, and because of this, the age was extended to 16. Today merely 3 % of people 15+ old ages of age can non read and/or write. Spain has approximately 30 universities, which are attended by more than 700,000 pupils.
Health Care System
Health attention in Spain is the best in the European Union. It became more organized and had new policies after INSALUD ( National Institute of Public Health Care ) was created. In 1982, INSALUD covered 86 % of the Spanish population and 31 % of infirmary beds. Today 98.9 % of the population has the right to have wellness services free of charge.
Spain is ranked as one of the taking fishing states in Europe. Off the Northern Coast, anchovies, hake, octopus, calamari, tuna, and many others are fished. Spaniards enjoy and specialise in seafood. This is because it is cheap and plentiful it the seashore Waterss. It is prepared in a assortment of ways, but the most popular is Paella. It is shrimp, lobster, poulet, jambon, veggies, and sometimes squid combined with rice.
Spaniards are accustomed to dine in several classs. These are normally as follows: As an appetiser: Cured jambon, oysters, runt, etc. Starter: Soup, salad or vegetable dish, Main class: Meat or fish, Dessert: fruit, Sweet or cheese, Coffee: Normally an expresso-type java.
A popular drink in Spain is called Sangria. It is made from vino, soda H2O, fruit juices, and tropical fruits. Another hallmark drink is a midst, strong, hot cocoa, served with deep fried st
rakes of dough called churros.
Spaniards love to be out-of-doorss and pass about all their clip at that place. Soccer is by far the most popular athletics in Spain. Every twelvemonth, 10s of 1000s of fans flood into bowls to hearten on their state. Golf is besides really popular and Bullfighting ( see Traditional Ceremonies ) is the best known.
In the Olympics, Spain stands out in cycling, swimming, gymnastic exercises, and rowing. Other competitory athleticss include rushing, horseback equitation, tennis, and fishing.
Although Spain lies in the temperate zone, its rugged alleviation gives rise to a great diverseness of climes. The Cantabrian mountains mark the first chiseled climatological spliting zone. To the North of this scope, the narrow northern strip, where the Basque Country, Cantabria, Asturias and Galicia are situated, lies what is called showery Spain, with a nautical clime. It has slight fluctuations in temperature, mild winters and cool summers, an about invariably cloudy sky and frequent rainfall, although less so during the summer. This clime, which is typical of western Europe, favours a northern European type of flora.
To the South of the Cantabrian scope lies dry Spain, which has highly varied climes, ever characterized by scarce rainfall and a pitiless firing Sun in an intensely blue sky, on occasion crossed by ephemeral, ferocious local electrical storms. This country has changeless drouths in summer and winter. In footings of surface country, showery Spain histories for about a 3rd of the state, while the other two tierces make up dry Spain.
Spain is one of the largest states in Europe, incorporating 504,750km2 and a population of 39,167,700 people. The state is located in Southwestern Europe between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, and Portugal and France. To the Northeastern boundary line, the Pyrenees Mountains separate Spain from France. The capital metropolis of Spain is Madrid, which lies in the centre of the state.
Traditional Ceremonies/ Traditions
Spain is a really Religious Catholic state. About 99 % of Spain is Roman Catholic, 0.4 % Protestants, 0.4 % Muslims, and 0.2 % Judaic. As you can likely think, the most of import Spanish Holiday period is Holy Week. It is celebrated the hebdomad before Easter and includes parades and other particular events. Of class, on the dark before Ash Wednesday ( the last festival before Lent ) , everyone parties hard, eating and devouring mass measures of nutrient and intoxicant, partaking in foolhardy activities, and dressing in wild costumes
A hallmark tradition for Spain is the Sanfermines ( besides known as & # 8220 ; The Running of the Bulls ) in Pamploma, which is on the Northern portion of the state. Every twelvemonth on July 7th, 1000s of tourer and citizens gather in a big mass in the old portion of the metropolis to see on of the most unsafe escapades of their lives. While anyone who is willing, along with many experts, put on traditional outfits and run in forepart of herds of wild bulls until they enter the Bullring.
The Tomatina, a town broad Tomato Fight held in Bunol ( in the Valencia part of Spain ) , is a tradition that takes topographic point every twelvemonth on the last Wednesday of August during hebdomad long festival. A paella cook-off is held the dark before the Tomatina. Pans the size of rubbish can lids simmer over wood fires in an outdoor batch. The Tomatina is the universe & # 8217 ; s largest nutrient battle, and likely the messiest. It reportedly started in 1945 at an anti-Franco mass meeting. More than 240,000 lbs of tomatoes are hurled by townsfolk ( about 20,000 participate, largely boys vs. misss ) at each other from 11 AM to 1 PM, so a bottle projectile goes away and together they clean up the muss. The streets are literally flooded with tomato juice, mush, seeds, skins & # 8212 ; the swill is ankle deep and all over the walls. This may sound like a merriment event, but every twelvemonth many hurts ( normally to the eyes and mortise joints ) and a few casualties take topographic point.
Geis, Darlene. Let & # 8217 ; s Travelin Spain. Children & # 8217 ; s Press Inc. Chicago, 1982
Spain. The Book of Knowledge. Grolier Inc. Canada, 1991
Spain. Land and People Vol. 4. Mooney Publishing, 1989
History of Spain. www.bme.es/racc/rallye87.rccb26.htm
National Health Institute. www.sispain.org/english/health/inst.html