Speech on diabetes
My presentation is on diabetes. Does anyone know anything about at all about diabetes? It is estimated that more than one in 20 people in the UK has diabetes (diagnosed or undiagnosed) and the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has increased from 1. 4 million to 2. 9 million since 1996. Around 85% of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes, because of our ageing population and rapidly increase of overweight and obese people. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. This is because of insulin deficiency.
Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas which controls the amount of glucose in your blood. When someone takes in carbohydrates, it is broken down into glucose which goes into the blood. Insulin allows glucose from the blood into your body cells where it is converted into energy. If someone has diabetes, they lack insulin or their body is resistant to insulin so the glucose in the blood can’t get into the body cells for energy. So every time the person eats food containing carbohydrates, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the blood glucose levels may rise dangerously.
Differences between Type 1 and 2 – There are two types of diabetes. Type one and type two. Type 1 is genetic whereas type 2 is developed by lifestyle, for example obesity. Type 1 is most commonly found in childhood and type 2 generally developed in adults over 40. There is Type 1 diabetes which is where no insulin is produced as the body destroys the insulin producing cells and Type 2 which is where either not enough insulin is produced, or your body is unable to use the insulin that is produced.
Why is it that the rate of diabetes has grown so much recently? Globalization and economic development have affected the number of people with diabetes because of nutritional shifts. These typically involve increased consumption of animal fat and energy-dense foods, decreased fibre, and more frequent intake of fast foods. In many Asian countries, risk of diabetes has increase because of eating polished white rice and refined wheat. Consumption of brown rice, a whole grain, protects against the disease.
South Asians and Indians are more at risk of diabetes because of their way of cooking because they use vegetable and animal ghee which has extremely high trans fatty acid which is associated with increased risk. Greater consumption of cereal fibre and polyunsaturated fat is associated with decreased risk. Symptoms to look for? People with undiagnosed diabetes may have several symptoms. Urinating frequently – this is because when their blood glucose levels rise too high, their body tries to lower the glucose levels through the kidneys.
This also takes a lot of water with it, causing the person to feel thirsty. The glucose can’t be used in body cells to produce energy so it causes their body to start breaking down its fat stores for energy which leads to weight loss. This isn’t enough energy for their body, causing them to feel tired. The prevalence of depression is approximately twice as high in people with diabetes as it is in the general population. Helps and Preventions Although diabetes cannot be cured, once it is diagnosed, it can be successfully treated.
In the case of people who have non-insulin-dependent diabetes, by eating healthily and losing the weight that triggered the pancreas to falter in the first place, the pancreas is often able to resume its normal duties efficiently and the symptoms disappear. If it is type 1 diabetes and all of the insulin producing cells have been destroyed, they are fully dependant on insulin injections. If diabetes has been controlled well the risk of developing diabetes complications like heart disease, stroke, blindness and kidney failure are much lower.
But this doesn’t mean that their diabetes has gone away. If it is poorly controlled, it can damage your nerves, muscles, sweat glands and circulation in the feet and legs leading to amputations. Up to 70 per cent of people die within five years of having an amputation as a result of diabetes. Conclusion s Obesity accounts for 80–85 per cent of the overall risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The risk in developing diabetes type 1 depends on who in your family has diabetes.
If the mother has diabetes there is a 2% chance of developing diabetes type 1, if the father has it there’s an 8% of developing it and if both parents have it there’s a 30% chance. It is good to have a proper lifestyle –eat properly, exercise. Just don’t eat foods that are full of simple sugars, trans fats or animal fats and you won’t develop Type 2. If you have already Type 1 – regular insulin injections, eating properly, exercise and stress management will help.