Deviation Definition: Behavior commonly seen in children that is the result of some obstacle to normal development such behavior may be commonly understand as negative (a timid child, a destructive child) or positive (a quite child), both positive and negative deviation will disappear once the child begins to concentrate on a piece of work freely chosen by him. The physical deforms are easier to identify. This can be by birth due to an accident etc… and most such physical deforms can be either cured.
However, deforms that take place in development of psychological aspects of a child are not only threat to building the character and the personality of the child also you find certain physical deforms in curable in medicine. Dr. Montessori, according to her she fugues deviated children are. The naughty children act and react very strong as a result of severe treatment they have received. So their behavior is cruel from others. The weak children are always mistaken for good children and parent are happy because of their timidly and but they are lazy and afraid of everything.
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The bright children are very imaginative and live in their own fantasy world. Deviations shown by the strong and weak children are: In the absorbent mind Montessori discussed deviation shown by the strong, meaning those who resist and overcome the obstacles they meet and deviation shown by the weak and surrender to unfavorable conditions. a. The strong children: Defects of the strong are tendencies to violence and aggression. They are also disobedient and destructive, possessive and not greedy by nature. b. The weak children: Defects of the weak are possessive, crying, trying to get others do things for them.
They are not independent and bored. They may refuse to participate and have psychosomatic illness. Other deviation fugues- deviation that occurs when the mind cannot express through movement and goes to fantasy because of ego the child defense itself by forcing from difficulty. Barriers of Psychic Deviation: A barrier is an inhabitation which is strong enough to prevent the child from responding to surroundings. It shows itself as disobedience and the child’s intelligence because this deviation keeps away the things that would promote growth.
At the age of 6 yrs child is going to an unconscious phenomenon and his will is not control and they become less responsive and the environment. The most common of the barriers produce4 the following deviations: attachment, dependence, possessiveness, inferiority complex, fear, lying, and psychosomatic illness. 1. Attachment: The adult does not allow the child to separate naturally and where the parent/child bond is not strong. 2. Possessiveness: Possessiveness is also a deviation it is a desire to rather than desire for knowledge. 3. Inferiority complex:
It is also a deviation it is a result of weakening of ego of a child and he also watches his parents attitude to other people and realize they treat differently to him and the child develop fear and phobias. 4. Fear on lying: As the purpose is of self defense we lie to ourselves and to give experience to this imagination in a wrong way. It is a fantasy. Causes of Deviation: Some deviation while thought to be normal, are not likely to be deliberately fostered. They are likely are messiness, disobedience and quarreling are so many common as to be though normal.
The lazy children who actually appear to do little are constructing a thick inner wall of defense to keep out the eternal world. We are all aware of adult’s negative reasons to this behavior. Deviation as fugues is a running away taking refuge, after hiding away one hides ones real energies behind a covering from all the mash. These are the children who are never still but their movement is without purpose. They begin as action leave it unfinished. They are deviated because above all they have lost their object and work in emptiness, vagueness and chaos. Normalization: Dr.
Montessori normalization refers to it both as definite happening and a state of being. The normalized children possess a unique character and personality not recognized in young children. Normalization appears through the repetition of a three step cycle. The building of character and the formulation of personality that we call normalization comes about children follow the cycle of work. Preparation for an activity which involve gathering together the material necessary to do the activity. The movement and the thought involved in the preparation serves to call the attention of the mind to begin to focus on the activity.
An activity which so engross the child that the reaches a deep level of concentration characterized by a general feeling of satisfaction and well-being. Characteristics: 1. Love for work: include the ability to choose work freely and to find joy in his work. 2. Love of order 3. Profound spontaneous concentrate. 4. Attachment to reality. 5. Love of silence and working alone. 6. Subblimission of possession. 7. Real choice. 8. Obedience. 9. Independence and initiative. 10. Spontaneous self discipline. 11. Joy. Three folds of phenomenon: 1. Polarization of attention 2. Spontaneous repetition 3.
Leading to a state of concentration. The Prepared Environment: The prepared environment must be in every way prepared. The environment plays an important role the aesthetics of the rooms is not all that is needed in the prepared environment. The type of material and stimulation used should be carefully selected to stimulate the home and encourage the absorbent mind. Even the environment is prepared we need to give the child time to develop. The case can supplement. The Montessori teacher keeps in mind that this environment may be the child’s best opportunity to correct deviation and achieve normalization.
Adults Role: Do not interpret the child in unnecessary help. Provide the material and give the opportunity to work independently. He must have freedom to choose his own work which will do his base on which he is interested. Limit must be provide so that he knows his boundary like and must be protective. He must realize that he cannot disturb other children at work. Concentrated work in the Montessori answer to any deviation. Work means that child has the motivation understanding and capability to complete the task. We must be the backbone to help the child and develop the deep concentration needed to pursue.
Observe the disposition of the child when he is still considering a commitment and engagement in the work and the mastery of the work. To encourage these the adult needs to ensure that the environment. Individualization continues to be important we must remember that each person heads are different. So we focus on the needs of the individual. In conclusion the concentration is only the possibility to heal the mind because it will allow the child to work. Self develop only comes within the child becomes self directed and grows in independent. He gains self confidence and dignity (I can do it myself) and therefore normalization child.