Stress in the Workplace
It is important to understand that what is excessive for one individual may be perfectly tolerable for another. (Moorhens/Griffin 2010 peg 197) Moorhens & Griffin state that much of what we know about stress can be traced back to the work of Dry. Hans Sells. Sells Is often considered one of the early pioneers of modern stress theory. His scientific research helped to shape our understanding of stress.
Sells defined stress as : “Stress is the nonspecific response of the body to any demand, whether it is caused y, or results In, pleasant or unpleasant conditions. Http://move. Gentle-stress- relief. Com/Hans;sells. HTML) other sources such as Evangelical and Matheson define stress as “the interaction of the individual with the environment” (Lutheran 2002 peg 396) They go on to define stress as “an adaptive response, mediated by individual differences and/or psychological processes, that Is a consequence of any external (environmental) action, situation, or event that places excessive psychological and/or physical demands on a person.Behr and Newman are also another source that define stress as “a condition arising from the interaction of people and their Jobs and characterized by changes within people that force them to deviate from their normal functioning. ” (Lutheran 2002 peg 396) Lutheran (2002 peg 396) states that another way to understand what stress is, is to point out what it is not: 1 .
Stress is not simply anxiety. Anxiety operates solely in the emotional and psychological sphere, whereas stress operates there and also In the physiological sphere.Thus stress may be accompanied by anxiety, but the 2 should not be equated. 2. Stress Is not simply nervous tension. Like anxiety, nervous tension may result from stress, but the two are not the same. 3.
Stress is not necessarily something damaging, bad, or to be avoided. Gestures (positive stress) is not damaging or bad and is something people should seek out rather than avoid. The key Is how the person handles the stress. Stress is inevitable; distress (negative stress) may be prevented or can be effectively controlled.Stress in the workplace can affect an individual’s career and in turn the company. Causes of stress It Is not surprising that there are many different causes of stress In the workplace today. There Is not only one factor that triggers stress, but the combination of many different ones.
Many of these factors include: * Excessively high workloads, with unrealistic deadlines making people feel rushed, under pressure and overwhelmed. * Insufficient workloads, making people feel that their skills are being underused. A lack of control over work satellites. A lack of interpersonal support or poor working relationships leading to a sense of isolation. * People being asked to do a Job for which they have insufficient meeting the new role’s requirements and adapting to possible changes in relationships with colleagues. * Concerns about Job security, lack of career opportunities, or level of pay. * Bullying or harassment.
* A blame culture within your business where people are afraid to get things wrong or to admit to making mistakes. Weak or ineffective management which leaves employees feeling they don’t have a sense of direction, or over-management, which can leave employees feeling undervalued and affect their self-esteem.