Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in Nigeria Essay Sample

8 August 2017

This study surveies sustainable direction of natural resources in Nigeria. This it does with the purpose to find the extent to which the geographic expedition of natural resources is managed in our state from 1960 boulder clay day of the month. Besides. given recommendations in which the resources can be managed.

Chapter ONE
1. 0Introduction
Nigeria is one of those states in Africa that is reasonably rich with natural resources. For illustration Crude Oil. Coal. Iron. forest. farming. Fishing and so on. It is believed that natural resources development is one of the factors that help the state in some many countries like employment chances. economic system and so on. The construct of resource is human centered construct. In order for something to be considered as resources. it must be perceived to hold value by adult male. There are fundamentally two types of natural resources: Biological resources and Non-Biological resources. The biological resources are forest ; fishes. wildlife and so on are called renewable because they are capable of regeneration. Non biological resources for illustration Gold. Tin. Coal. and Iron are non renewable resources because they are non capable of regeneration except after long geological periods. Though development is a dynamic procedure in which there is no terminal point. In the procedure of developing these natural resources. the issues of sustainability must be put at the dorsum of head.

That is. these mineral resources must be developed or processed in such a manner that they would travel into extinction so that the coevals to come will be able to bask them. World Commission on Environment explains sustainable steps in the development of resources as necessary stairss to take in developing the natural resources in order to run into the demands of the present without compromising the ability of the hereafter. Sustainable development is a manner of ingestion with the vision that seeks to supply for the demands of humanity while safeguarding the environment so that it will still be capable of supplying for the demands of future coevalss of humanity. This term was originated by the Brundtland Commission whose definition of the term is the most internationally recognized. Sustainable development trades with more than environmental issues entirely. Sustainable development is a procedure that comprises all facets of human society that can impact human nutriment. This means that the struggle between the alleged “triple underside line” must be resolved.

Harmony must be achieved in the conflicting aims of societal equity. environmental quality and economic prosperity societal equity. Populating sustainably will travel a long manner towards sustainability of natural resources. Each of us can make our portion and do it count. Our natural resources will non last everlastingly at the rate that human society is utilizing them up. Recycling. cut downing waste coevals. and preservation of valuable resources are our best steps so that our ecosystems will still be capable of supplying for the coevalss to come. Sustainability stands on three chief pillars Social. Economy and Environment. Social development refers to alterations that are good to the society. It refers to uninterrupted procedure that evolves the society taking to its present every bit good as future growing. Economy development refers to the growing in the state interacy. life anticipation. poorness etc that is processes that leads the society to improvement. Environmental development is referred to the procedure of preserving and protecting the natural resources. Though there are been some sustainable steps in the yesteryear for the development of development of natural resources but more has to be done.

Chapter TWO
2. 0Methodology and Discussion
For the intent of this survey the sustainable steps for the Forest and Minerals development would be discussed. Sustainable Measure in Forest Development in Nigeria

Sustainability is a term that has gained much popularity in recent clip. It means that a resource is used in such a manner that it continues to be available. It is a general consensus that we must larn how to prolong our environmental resources including forest so that they continue to supply benefits for the people and other populating things on our planet. One cardinal premiss for sustainable development is the acknowledgment that environment and development are non sole of one another but are complementary and inter-dependent and in the long tally adult male reciprocally reenforcing ( Ahmad and Sanny 1987 ) . This complexness explains the trouble in operational zing the construct of sustainable Development. Yet there has been of all time increasing demand on the limited wood resources and the transporting capably of the delicate wood ecosystem. Under the conditions of poorness for which Nigeria is known. the environment frequently exhibits the depredations of long old ages of misdirection as illustrated by high rate of deforestation. overgrazing. desertification and jeopardizing the forest species.

In advanced states. most woods are managed but in developing states like Nigeria. comparatively few woods are officially managed. Much lumber production in Nigeria still comes from natural wood. The organized wood direction is the Teak ( tectona grandis ) plantations in the South West which have been bastardized by the military decision makers of these provinces in the 90s. Their impact favoured deforestation. This has generated public force per unit area to pull off woods. With this force per unit area and with much lumber production. woods are now in demand for other goods and services in fact. the goods of forest direction are broadening. The accent is non merely on timber output but besides on broader sustainable wood direction. This covers the spectrum of forest aim. from preservation to production and in-fact involves multiple aims.

These include ; harvest of lumber. fruits. Fungi. medicative workss. and animate beings ; dirt and H2O preservation. biodiversity preservation diversion ; and landscape agreeableness ( H2O autumn ) . In add-on. sustainable forest direction entails equilibrating today’s demands with those of future coevalss. This implies a greater function of Foresters in broader land-use decision-making every bit good as more engagement of non-forestry involvement groups in puting the aims of forest direction. Forest direction comprises activities to function the long-run protection of the environmental “services” of a wood notably its biological diverseness. dirt preservation. watershed ordinance. and climatic ordinance. It besides encompasses the biological footing for forest production. However. the accent is on the production of wood merchandises ( notably lumber ) . Such production normally emphasizes sustained output – a regular and go oning flow of production that the peculiar wood can prolong without damage of its productiveness.

Approximately 50 % of woods are in protected countries where no green goods is removed as national Parkss. It is of import to observe that traditional forest direction systems in many forest countries have sustained the outputs of many merchandises over centuries. such as myths ( “Igbo Oro” ) . Many of these countries are now under economic force per unit area and deforestation is increasing. Therefore it is necessary to follow activities such as planning and monitoring ; site quality appraisal ; forest stocks and growing measuring ; forest program ; readying ; route and substructure proviso ; dirt and H2O direction to fix and better the site ; silviculture ( the care of forest ) to change stock features ( be givening. thinning out. droping renewing. or seting trees. and fertilisation ; to ensue in base of coveted species. age and size composing ) ; reaping operations ; give control steps to maintain end product at sustained degrees ; and protection from plagues. diseases. mulct and utmost climatic events.

Fire. which was one time regarded. as a destroyer of wood. but now is recognized as a direction tool when carefully employed. Some of import lumber trees really require fire for successful regeneration insects ; such as moth. titivate budworm. sawfly and diseases take a heavy toll. However. biological control steps and some aerial crop-dusting. proper cutting circles and cut disposal are progressively effectual. Proper Harvesting methods range from remotion of all trees. ( clear cutting ) to remotion of selected mature trees ( Selection cutting ) . and proviso for reproduction. either of course from seed trees or unnaturally by seting. The rate and frequence of any film editing should take for sustained production over an indefinite period. Use of all tree harvested: Technological progresss. such as atom board and gluing. have created utilizations for subdivisions. faulty logs. trees excessively little to be milled into boards. and so called inferior trees.

Chapter THREE
3. 0RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Sustainable Measure IN MINERALS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Minerals add to our safety. wellness and wellbeing. Iron. Cu. coal. crude oil and other minerals have a 1000 and one utilizations. The loss of even one of these minerals would impact our life well. Careful excavation helps us to conserve coal. Fe and oil-deposits. It seems difficult to believe that one twenty-four hours we would hold to populate without coal or oil. Yet. there are opportunities that oil and coal will acquire dog-tired if we continue utilizing them at the rate we do today. We should take the undermentioned stairss to conserve non-renewable resources. 3. 10Prohibiting wastage of resources:


Wastage of resources should be discouraged. For illustration. utilizing public conveyance in topographic point of single vehicles helps to conserve valuable gasoline. Use of ‘car-pool’ system where several people with a common finish travel together in one vehicle. saves petrol. Switch overing off fans. visible radiations and ice chests when non in usage. utilizing cooking gas economically. usage of force per unit area cookers. utilizing tube visible radiations in topographic point of electric bulb are some ways of conserving non-renewable resources which could assist in a large manner. 3. 11Use of replacements:

Alternate beginnings of energy like solar energy. weave energy. tidal energy. energy from biomas ( biogas ) . etc. . can be used on a big graduated table to replace the fossil fuels. Use of solar cookers and biogas for cooking must be encouraged. New stuffs are being developed to replace non-renewable resources. For illustration. plastics are now used to do merchandises that one time could be made merely out of steel. The usage of atomic energy can decrease our dependance on coal and oil. 3. 12Recycling resources:

All types of metal wastes. glass and paper and plastic can be recycled and used once more. The local kabadiwala collects all the debris and carap which is recycled and used once more to do paper. fictile containers and metal articles. Although plastic is non a natural resource itself ( it is semisynthetic ) but uses up batch of fuel in its fabrication procedure. Hence. recycling plastic helps to conserve fuels. Recycling paper helps to conserve woods.

Mentions

Ahmed. Y. J. and Sammy. G. K. ( 1987 ) Guideline to Environmental Assessment in Development Countries UNEP Nairobi.
Areola. O. ( 1991 ) Ecology of Natural Resources in Nigeria.
C. B. N. ( 2001 ) Annual Report and Statement of Account for the Year ended 31st December 2001 pg 142. Egunjobi. Layi. ( 1993 ) Issues in Environmental Management for Sustainable Development in Nigeria. The Environmentalist vol. 13 Number 1 p. 33-40. Eboh Erick ( 2005 ) Harnessing Renewable Resources Sectors for Economic Prosperity. Paper presented at the Economic Workshop Organized by AIEA and Department of International Development Abuja 22nd June 2005. F. A. O. ( 1991 ) “Manual on Fertilizer Statistics’ FAO Economic and
Social Development Paper 1`02 pp. 1-2. Sir leslie stephens Bass ( 2004 ) Forest Conservation and Management. Microsoft Encarta Premium suit International Fund For Agricultural Development ( IFAD ) . 2001. Environment and Natural Resource Management


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