Swamp Fox

1 January 2017

Along with 70 or 80 other Huguenot families, they farmed the banks of the Santee River near Charleston, South Carolina, where the land proved ideal for growing rice and indigo, a highly treasured blue dye which brought a good price in Europe. The cultivation of both crops spanned an entire year, so the planters were never idle, and they were rewarded with a comfortable lifestyle. Before the American Revolution takes place, the citizens of the colonies begin to get tired of the British rule. Rebellion and discontent are widespread.

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The major reason the colonies started revolting against ‘mother England’ was the issue of taxation. The colonies debate England’s power to tax them and do not wish to be taxed without representation. Consequently the American Revolution begins, and the probability of the colonies winning is not bright, but the patriots are willing to fight to become a free, independent nation. The Patriots utilize several different strategies to defeat the “Lobster Backs. ” Exceptional radical approaches are fetishized during and after the revolution.

The Revolutionary era is both invigorating and disturbing; it is a time of progress and disruption. General Francis Marion also known as the Swamp Fox is a flamboyant frontiersman, who detests any men who are cruel, arrogant, or bigoted. The Swamp Fox is a real-life American patriot and a wealthy landowner who during the Revolutionary War leads a hardy band of guerilla fighters against the Redcoats and pro-British in his native South Carolina. Marion is prevailed upon by his friends and neighbors to help free South Carolina from the grip of conservative British rule.

It is often said that casualties are a major part of every war. What if this is an unnecessary step to winning in combat, that the number of casualties could be greatly limited to a smaller number? Today, hundreds of thousands of people in Joint Task Forces are putting their lives in danger in Afghanistan, Iraq and even the surrounding bodies of water for the greater good. The technique that is frequently used in combat, that dates back to the American Revolution, is called Guerrilla Warfare, and is fought by small teams of four to eight people; these small groups are called Special Forces.

Many argue that the use of sniper teams and Special Forces in combat is unethical and even more for unconventional weapons, although unconventional warfare is often the reason to a quick ending war and results in thousands, even millions of lives being saved. There are many unsung heroes that help to lead America to its independence. One of those unsung heroes was Francis Marion, also known as “The Swamp Fox”. Although Marion has a huge impact on it, some of the reasons why his impact is so enormous are because his attacks are smart and bold, and because he scares the British greatly.

After receiving word that one hundred and fifty Americans are captured and held hostage, Francis takes his men in the middle of the night and travel to Savannah where they arrive before sunrise. He ambushes the British, killing and capturing twenty enemy soldiers without any of his men being killed. There he releases the one hundred and fifty American prisoners and sets them free. Francis Marion brings hope to the Americans through this rough time. The British creates two hundred and fifty men regiment to capture Marion.

Once the British assemble their regiments, Francis and fifty-three of his men attack first (Simpson). They attract the remaining British soldiers and end up ambushing them. Americans see how brave Francis is and as a result, 60 more men join his army the day after. The British are furious with Marion’s triumphs and are horrified due to communication defaults. They assemble nine regiments to arrest Marion. One patrol seizes a British captain and his orderly book exposes to Marion the maximum scale of danger.

Knowing that his 100 men had no chance to go against 1,000 to 1,500 British soldiers, he releases his men to revisit their residences and receded alongside a tiny cadre into the Outstanding White Marsh in North Carolina (Simpson). In his nonexistence, the British blazed residences in a fifteen miles expansive and seventy miles long from Kingstree to Cheraw. Distant from suppressing the revolt, these atrocities merely compelled men to break their paroles and join Colonel Marion. His attacks are smart and bold, and he scares the British greatly.

This new nation faces a large well-trained army with a strong tradition and bravery under fire, and has to use different strategies and new weapons to defeat them. To fight this large army the patriots often avoid direct confrontations and picking battles wisely. A new style of fighting, Guerilla Warfare, is used and becomes very successful. Guerilla Warfare is alternative combat in which small groups soldiers use mobile strategy to fight a superior, less mobile army. The Patriots use ambushes, advantages, and surprise in attacking susceptible targets behind enemy lines.

State militias usually perform well in hit-and-run guerrilla skirmishes. The best at this type of warfare was undoubtedly Francis Marion. Francis Marion, the notorious swamp fox, intimidates the British with this guerrilla-style war that gives the British no clear target. He organizes a group of soldiers that utilize guerrilla warfare to destroy British communications and supplies. The guerrilla-style of combat is fairly revolutionary in contrast to the traditional British style and is similar to the type of fighting we use today. The American Revolution was not an easy war.

In the first campaigns of the war, the disadvantages of the patriots were apparent from poorly trained soldiers to shortages of supplies. These new weapons and strategies significantly assisted the patriots in their struggle for freedom. This Republican Revolution has transforming affects everywhere. It shakes up traditional hierarchies, cuts people from their traditional ties, and brings authority of all sorts into question. The Revolution practically creates the United States of America and changes a monarchial society into a republic.

The Revolution is radical because it not only forms a republic but it creates social changes in the basic structure of American society. The Revolution brings to the surface the republican tendencies of American life, giving a new political significance to the middle classes, altering social expectations, and popularizing certain radical ideals. After the Revolution, common people become much more engaged in the political process. Above all, the Revolution popularizes far-reaching principles. These principles include liberty, equality, government by the people, and the supreme rule of law.

It inspires Americans to try to recreate their society to be in line with republican ethics. The Revolution enlightens many Americans to question slavery. The rhetoric of equality and rights that supported the American Revolution also gives an impetus to the growing antislavery movement, especially in the North. To hold the colonies together, the North and the South make compromises regarding the slavery issue. The northern states either abolish slavery or approve steady liberation plans by the 19th century.

In the end, the fight for freedom did not result in freedom for everyone. The radical ideal inspires people around the world to question monarchies and to seek equality. The outcome of the American Revolution has a strong, immediate impact on several countries. The American Revolution shapes this great country with its bold and principled ideals. This war enables change in most aspects of daily life and gives hope to a new nation. The assertion of liberty, individual rights, equality and opposition toward corruption proves to be a foundation in values of republicanism in America.

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