Sydney metropolis, capital of the province of New South Wales, Australia. Located on Australia ‘s southeasterly seashore, Sydney is a major port in the South Pacific and is noted for its beautiful seaport. The metropolis was established as a penal settlement in the late eighteenth century and had become a major trading Centre even before the first innovators pushed inland. It is now the largest metropolitan country in Australia.
A brief intervention of Sydney follows. For full intervention, see Sydney.
The metropolitan country of Sydney stretches from the Blue Mountains in the West to the Pacific Ocean in the E and from the Hawkesbury River in the North to South of Botany Bay. The metropolis itself was built on the low hills environing the seaport.
Sydney ‘s clime is temperate, with a average temperature in February, the warmest month, of 72 F ( 22 C ) ; the coolest month, July, averages 54 F ( 12 C ) . Rainfall averages 45 inches ( 1,140 millimeter ) yearly, and much of it occurs during the summer months.
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About tierce of Sydney ‘s work force is engaged in fabrication. No individual industry predominates, though oil refinement has grown in importance. The gover
nment sector is besides economically of import, as is the port. A 2nd port has been developed in Botany Bay.
Sydney is widely known both for its H2O athleticss and recreational installations and for its cultural life. The universities of Sydney and New South Wales are located at that place, as is Macquarie University. The world-renowned Sydney Opera House, set on a promontory sou’-east of the Harbour Bridge, is a major Centre for the acting humanistic disciplines, with theaters and recording, concert, and exhibition halls. It is the place of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, the Australian Opera, dance and theater companies, and a library.
Rapid development of suburban Sydney and the absence of major main roads that bypass the metropolis have caused a relentless conveyance job that is merely partly mitigated by commuter ferry boats, an belowground railroad, and extended metropolitan coach service. Sydney ( Kingsford Smith ) Airport is on the northern shore of Botany Bay. Area metropolis, 5 square stat mis ( 13 square kilometer ) ; metropolitan country, 4,790 square stat mis ( 12,407 square kilometer ) . Pop. ( 1986 ) metropolis, 86,311 ; ( 1991 ) metropolis, 3,097,956 ; ( 1994 est. ) metropolitan country, 3,738,500.