Tagore and Gandhi Essay Sample
Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore are two great leaders who contributed a batch towards the battle for the independency in India. The two leaders were non merely popular in their state but besides in many other parts of the universe.
Tagore was born into a priestly category. one of the highest categories in the Indian caste system. He was born in 7Thursdaymay 1861. He went to school at an early age but he was non really much interested in it. He did non like being punished whenever he did something wrong in school. Subsequently he proceeded in Britain where he joined London University analyzing jurisprudence a class he ne’er completed. When he returned back in India he was given the duty of pull offing his household vast estates.
This function brought him closer to the common people. He developed involvement in happening solutions to people lives. At this clip he started a school where he taught the Upanishad doctrine. He besides used the schools he opened to advance literacy among the lower caste in India every bit good as advancing good wellness through beef uping the societal behavior of the people.
Tagore was a great author who has written many literary plants including verse forms. novels. dramas vocals and many others.
He is even accredited as the lone individual who has written national anthem for the two states. that is India and Bangladesh state anthems. He used literature to animate the people of India during the battle for the independency. To him literature was a tool for political and societal mobilisation leting people in India and other states to be cognizant of the things that were go oning in India at that clip and do the colonial power to take duty of its action. ( Tagore. R1916 )
Tagore participated in freedom motion in his ain manner which was described as sentimental and airy. Due to his assorted parts he was in different occasions awarded as acknowledgment of his part in assorted countries. Some of the awards include the Nobel Prize in literature. an honorary doctor’s degree of literature and knighthood from the male monarch of England
The traveled widely transversing all corners of the universe where he met many people whom he inspired greatly with his literary work and lectures he gave on assorted issues.
Mahatma Gandhi on the other manus was born eight old ages after Tagore. He was born on 2neodymiumOctober in 1869. His birthday is celebrated as a national vacation in India. He father was the premier curate of Porbandar and Putibai. He was born into the caste of Vashya which was besides known as the concern caste. ( Gandhi 1939 ) .
He married at the age of 13 to Kastruba Makhanji and they were blessed with five kids. As a pupil his public presentation was non good and at sometimes he was referred as mediocre scholar. Just like Tagore Gandhi was non happy in school because his household had other programs for him as they were forcing him to be a barrister something he was non acute about.
At the age of 18 he joined the university college of London where he pursued jurisprudence and besides took preparation as a barrister. ( Gandhi 1939 ) .
While in London he kept the promise he made to his female parent that he will maintain off from immoralities such alcohol addiction. fornication and other signifiers of aberrant behaviour. He upheld the rule of non harming a life thing which has blood hence passing his life as a vegetarian. This was in line with Hindu doctrines a faith which he was faithful to all his life though he was tolerant to other faiths. While analyzing in London he joined the vegetarian society where he was elected as an executive member of the commission. This place gave him experience in forming and pull offing establishment a accomplishment that every bit subsequently to assist him as a leader of the Indian Congress party.
After completing college he went back to India and subsequently went to work in South Africa as a barrister. In South Africa he came face to face with favoritism where African and the colored we treated as low category citizen. ( Gandhi 1939 ) .
American indians in South Africa during the epoch of apartheid were treated as 2nd category citizen a category in front of Africans. In several occasions Gandhi experienced favoritism particularly when he was beaten up by a driver for declining to give manner to an European. Other incident involved being thrown out of a train for sitting in an country reserved for Europeans and declining to take a turban in a Durban tribunal. These incidents awakened him and they were turning points in his life. He came to recognize the societal unfairnesss that people particularly the low category were traveling through. ( Gandhi 1939 ) .
These two great leaders. though they belonged to the high castes. they associated and related with the lower castes good. They did non desire to propagate and widen the systems that were oppressive and insensitive to the demands of the hapless. The advocated for the acknowledgment of the Harijans in India. as they suffered greatly particularly under the British leading. Gandhi referred to them as the kids of God.
The two great work forces of India had a batch in common. First they were both from good to make households yet this did non film over their vision on what was go oning in the societies. They out justly refused from profiting from the caste system though they were at an advantaged place.
Tagore lived among the most under privileged people in India where he drew a batch of inspiration from them something that made him contend for their right wholeheartedly. He related good with them something that made him endeared to them. When the British wanted to make different electorates for the different castes the two leaders vehemently opposed the thought terming the move as a method of spliting the Hindu community. They dealt with the unfairnesss that we being committed to the hapless. They both protested at this move. They cared for the hapless and they did anything that they were capable of making to guarantee that the Se hapless led a nice life. Tagore reinforced schools for the hapless and even initiated the Reconstruction programme which was mostly aimed at profiting the hapless. Mahatma Gandhi on the other manus supported the hapless pursuit to liberate themselves from the bonds of poorness through opposing any move that the governments made that aimed at striping the hapless their rights. He applied the non force means to coerce the governments to come to footings with worlds and acknowledge the hapless in India. ( Tagore. R1916 )
The two leaders were critical of the British continued business of India and they smartly advocated for freedom in India. Their agitation for freedom invariably put them on hit with governments with both of them being imprisoned on assorted juncture for their rebellion on Indian authorities.
The two leaders had great affinity for each other ; they invariably consulted each other on assorted issues. Gandhi sought thoughts from Tagore on how India can be liberated. Tagore normally stated that merely by cognizing that his ally Gandhi was with him spiritually gave him great strength and sustained him at the times of problem. This portrays the sort of worship that Tagore had for Mahatma Gandhi he was non merely beginning of his inspiration but besides gave him bravery to confront the universe.
The two great Indian minds were described by the India first Prime Minister Nehru Jawaharlal as typical of India and the two of them were genuinely great work forces of India and they can merely be regarded as supreme human existences. They have besides been described as two great psyches of India a rubric that is merely reserved for the Godhead. This shows the degree of respect these two gentlemen were accorded in this huge state of Asia ( Bhattacharya. S 1997 )
Tagore has been described as a great supporter of Gandhi ; he invariably showered him praises for the type of leading he exuded during the battle for independency in India. He is even on record stating that he could non offer the type of political leading that Gandhi gave. He had great personal appeal that pulled people of all the walks of lives.
He gives him recognition for the manner he transformed the Congress party from being an elitist party to a mass party where people of all walks of lives could fall in every bit long as they shared common political orientations. Though he did non to the full O.K. Gandhi attack every bit far as collaborating with British was concerned Tagore acknowledged his usage of peaceable agencies to work out jobs that afflicted India at that clip. Tagore is the 1 who popularized the term mahatma which means the great psyche. ( Bhattacharya. S 1997 )
He appreciated that Gandhi received much acknowledgment as a leader non merely in his state but all over the universe. He acknowledges that Gandhi had inspired many people inside and outside India. He was in touch with world and this is what made him a great leader. Tagore felt that he could non give the political leading that Gandhi provided as he did non believe in type of boycott that was being advocated fro at this clip. He believed that any withdrawal with British would non be right as it will subsequently take to India seeking for support from its former settlement. Tagore was of the thought of internationalism which he said was the manner to travel. He did non back up the thought of partitioning India merely as he opposed the division of Indian people in categories. ( Ramachandra. D 1960 )
These two leaders had their differences when it came to some issues. These issues ranged from religious to political and besides the attack each used hostel the battle for freedom. One of the countries which Tagore disagreed with Gandhi was the issue of non cooperation. His method of seeking release was through an internal and rational motion. He felt that if India decided to non to tie in itself with British through boycotting their services and goods. the full class would be futile as the hereafter this will be merely lead to assimilation. Mahatma on the other manus advocated for non cooperation and non violent ways of defying subjugation from British governments. ( Ramachandra. D 1960 )
Gandhi believed that all force is ungodly and should non in any manner be justified. He is known to hold used this mean to press for alteration in India and South Africa. While in South Africa Gandhi arrange a peaceable protest against a demand that all Indians should register and he successfully rallied the Indians to back up his class.
Another country where the two great figures did non hold was the reading of an temblor that hit India in 1934 killing many people and doing monolithic devastation of belongings. ( Ahluwalia. S 1981 )
Gandhi suggested that the temblor was as consequence of the atrociousnesss and the wickednesss committed by the upper castes as they did non allow the lower castes particularly the outcast or the Harijans from accessing the temples. This. Gandhi maintains angered God and he had no pick but to penalize them by killing some of them and besides destructing their belongings so that they can experience the same manner the outcast were experiencing due to oppressive nature of the upper castes.
He maintained that India was being punished for the wickednesss and God was non happy with the manner the Harijans were being treated.
On the issue of graven images the two leaders disagreed on the affairs of rules. Gandhi on his portion defended the graven images whereas Tagore could non stand to witness people treated as kid and their heads being tricked in such a manner. ( Ramachandra. D 1960 )
Gandhi believed that it was necessary for people to travel through patriotism or first believe in their state and seek to raise it tot the degree that all would appreciate and so believe of taking the state to the international spotlight.
He believed that in the same manner one is supposed to accomplish patriotism and so travel to the internationalism. before any state attains peace it must travel through a procedure of battle. an thought that was vehemently refuted by Tagore who believed that we should non lock ourselves in the coops of the a state. . ( Tagore. R 1916 )
Though the two leaders had great esteem for one another they disagreed on assorted issues. These issue or topics include patriotism. scientific discipline. societal development and nationalism. ( Tagore. R 1916 )
Throughout their lives the two leaders made part that shaped India and they up to this clip remembered for the functions they played. Though they did non populate to see the fruits of their labour by the clip of their deceases they were assured that they had served humanity good to the best of their capablenesss. ( Ahluwalia. S 1981 )
The differences they portrayed are normal in any type of leading as for any single to turn intellectually he or she must be ready to collected and criticized at times. These two leaders did non allow their differences in political orientations blanket the good things that each other was involved in.
They did non shy from giving recognition where it was due and at the same clip they were speedy to indicate out any reserve each had in footings of their base every bit far as leading is concerned. ( Tagore. R1916 )
Though non every thing that turned the manner the two leaders would hold wished history will appreciate that they left touchable alteration in India through seeking to recommend for the right of the marginalized and at the same clip disputing the governments to acknowledge the attempt of all people irrespective of their societal position.
The battle for freedom was won through Mahatma Gandhi method of rebellion which Tagore did non to the full back up but if the two leaders lived to see the brotherhood doodly-squat being lowered and Indian flag winging high the would be proud work forces who would rest assured that one conflict has been won and the remainder it sis up to the undermentioned coevals to deduce inspiration and drive the state to the degrees that all will be equal and justness will be accessible to all the Indians irrespective of the category
They would hold wished to see a united India but there were really many forces that were non comfy with the brotherhood one being spiritual intolerance something that the two leaders did non desire to be associated with.
India will forever retrieve the two leaders. Their memories will linger for the coevalss to come. The kids of India will pull inspiration from these great work forces. aspire to alter the universe the manner Tagore and Gandhi did during their life-time. The two leaders can merely be compared to the similar of great people such as Mandela and Mother Teresa and other who have changed the universe in their ain ways.
Gandhi. M ( 1939 ) . An autobiography: The narrative of my experiments with the truth. South Africa. Satyagraha.
Ramachandra. D ( 1960 ) Comparison of the images of Gandhi and Nehru in America and India. Study in the continent. USA.
Ahluwalia. S ( 1981 ) Tagore and Gandhi: Tagore and Gandhi contention. NewDelhi
Tagore. R ( 1916 ) The place and the universe. New Delhi. Mukto Mona.
Bhattacharya. S. Ed. ( 1997 ) Mahatma and the poet: Letterss and arguments between Gandhi and Tagore 1915-1941 New Delhi.