India has many wonderful monuments of exquisite beauty and great artistic charm. Among these, the greatest and the most fascinating is the monument called Taj Mahal. It can be regarded as a love story written In marble. Rabindranath Tagore called it, “A Dream in Marble”. For many others, it is a “poem written in marble” and “symphony in stone”. Today, it Is reckoned as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Taj Mahal maha:l/ often Hindi: from Persian/Urdu: ultimately from “crown of palaces”, pronounced [Xa:d3 mShEl]; also the is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the Jewel of Muslim art In India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage” . [6] Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles. [7][8] In 1 983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an Integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen. [9] The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under Imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Mamur Khan, Makramat Khan, and ustad Ahmad Lahauri[12] is generally considered to be the principal

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