Tax Evasion in Pakistan
As result, African countries collect little or nothing from taxes. Bruno Chiarini, Elisabetta Marzano, and Friedrich Schneider (Tax Rates and Tax Evasion April 2008) the tax burden is one of the most commonly cited determinants of tax evasion and, in general, of the underground economyl 2. The overall tax burden is a key feature for working and producing in the hidden sector and for concealing income and wealth. To assess an empirical relationship with the hidden phenomenon under investigation, we first analyze the univariate characteristics of the series.
Chiarini et al (2008) the evidence available for Italy tells a story of increasing fiscal pressure, though with a declining pattern in ecent years, and high volatility of tax evasion. What is remarkable in this time- varying framework is the stable gap between the apparent and the effective tax rates, suggesting that tax payers suffer a stable over-burden of fiscal pressure because of tax evasion… . Michael Wenzel (2002) Tax evasion is the illegal evasion of taxes by individuals, corporations and trusts.
Tax evasion often entails taxpayers deliberately misrepresenting the true state of their affairs to the tax authorities to reduce their tax liability and includes dishonest tax reporting, such as declaring less income, rofits or gains than the amounts actually earned, or overstating deductions. Tax evasion is an activity commonly associated with the informal economy. One measure of the extent of tax evasion (the “tax gap”) is the amount of unreported income, which is the difference between the amount of income that should be reported to the tax authorities and the actual amount reported.