Teaching Preschool Children Essay Sample
First of all. I would wish to state thank you for this interview that is leting me to discourse my makings and doctrine of instruction. Teaching kids brings me great satisfactions because I am lending to their instruction. Children are really particular and alone as they are still traveling through their cognitive development. Every kid is different and their acquisition abilities are excessively. As pedagogues it is of import that we provide kids with a high quality instruction that promotes their cognitive development. I will convey to this preschool my instruction cognition. creativeness. enthusiasm. and my sensitive to all of the children’s needs. I will follow the school’s plan harmonizing to the National Association for the Education of Young Children. place statement of Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children for Birth through Age 8. I will be including a one week-long program that will show by ability to make a course of study and an integrated activity program that that follows the schools place statement.
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There are several different philosophers and theories that have had great impact on today’s early childhood instruction.
As pedagogues we all have different doctrines on instruction and values. There are two philosophers that I believe that best correlative with my doctrine of instruction and values. The first philosopher that best correlatives with my doctrine is Jean Piaget. Jean Piaget was a developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemic surveies with kids. As Jean Piaget did surveies on kids he noticed that kids invariably gave wrong replies to certain inquiries. Piaget was non interested in the fact that kids were incorrect. but the fact that they made errors the older kids and grownups did non. It is through this research that led to the development of Jean Piaget’s theory that immature children’s cognitive procedure is different from grownups ( Boeree. 1999-2006 ) . Jean Piaget’s theory is referred to as constructivist theory because he concluded that kids create or construct their ain apprehension through interactions with people and objects ( Feeney. Moravcik. Nolte. & A ; Christensen. 2010. p. 145 ) .
Harmonizing to the text book “Piaget believed that understand must be discovered and constructed by the activity of the kids instead than through inactive observation” ( Feeney. Moravcik. Nolte. & A ; Christensen. 2010. p. 145 ) . The best manner to back up Piaget’s constructivist theory is by making more hands-on activities and synergistic activities with the kids in the schoolroom. Children’s cognitive development is enhanced when the kids take part in more hands-on activities and synergistic activities. Jean Piaget’s theory best correlatives with my doctrine of instruction because I am besides a house truster that kids learn best through experiences. Children get these experiences as they interact with their surrounding environment. Harmonizing to Jean Piaget’s theory and my ain doctrine of instruction it is of import that kids be allowed to pass as much clip researching their environment. because it is through experiences that kids gain their cognitive development.
Jean Piaget believed there are two basic rules sing to moral instruction. The two rules are that kids develop moral thoughts in phases and that kids create their ain construct of the universe. Jean Piaget developed his constructivist theory many old ages ago the thought still keep true to this twenty-four hours. Even though early childhood professionals have benefited from other theoretician. but it is from Piaget that the current doctrine of developmentally appropriate pattern ( DAP ) has emerged ( Eliason & A ; Jenkins. 2012. p. 5 ) . Many early childhood pedagogues and my-self feel that Piaget theory has influenced how schoolrooms are setup today and the activities that we do with the kids. As instructors we need to do certain that our kids are in an environment that provides them with developmentally appropriate experiences. Children that are in a developmentally appropriate environment will be able to build their ain cognition and apprehension of things. It is through experiences that kids learn best. so therefore it is of import that kids are in an environment that is rich and stimuli that will stir kids to be funny. active. and thoughtful leaners.
Play is besides an of import portion of Piaget’s theory because it is through drama that “children encounter a assortment of chances to interact with their environment and make logical understand of how the universe works” ( Feeney. Moravcik. Nolte. & A ; Christensen. 2010. p. 145 ) . The different chances that kids encounter through drama are that they engage in make-believe drama and it is during this clip that kids begin to utilize symbols to stand for different things. The kid may pick up a block and usage it as a telephone or play dough may stand for pizza. Play helps the kid get the cognition base that will subsequently assist them in their academic success. Harmonizing to Jean Piaget kids will develop three different sorts of cognition as they grow. The three different sorts of cognition are: physical. societal. and logico-mathematical. Harmonizing to the text book “physical cognition is knowledge that is gained from the external world. Social cognition is learned from others such as: linguistic communication. regulations. symbols. values. and so on. Logico-mathematical cognition is the apprehension of logical relationships constructed as kids observe. comparison. believe. and reason” ( Feeney. Moravcik. Nolte. & A ; Christensen. 2010. p. 146 ) .
Jean Piaget believed that kids go through different developmental phases and kids between the age of 3 and 4 old ages old are in the preoperational phase. Children in the preoperational phase are considered to be egoistic because they are unable to take another person’s point of position into history. Some of the other features of this phase are that kids learn from experiences. develop the ability to replace a symbol for an object or event that is non present. kids think base on the manner things appear instead than on logical logical thinking. and kids begin to develop moral feelings and moral logical thinking. There are different ways that we can assist kids get the better of egoism by holding the kids play frock up and promote the kids to take on a character. Playing house is another good activity that kids can play because they can take on different functions that they have observed in their ain lives. Handss on activities should be facilitated because as we know kids learn best through experiences. It is besides of import that we encourage kids to play with playthings that change form because it will assist them travel towards the construct of preservation ( Educational deductions of Piaget’s theory ) .
It is of import that we as pedagogues take into consideration the developmental phase of the kids when be aftering activities to with them. Erik Erikson is a psychoanalyst that I believe best correlatives with my doctrine of instruction and values. Erik Erikson psychosocial theory has provided instructors. parents. and caregivers the ability to understand that every kid go through different developmental phases as they are developing. Erikson believed that every kid will travel through eight different developmental phases throughout his/her life and each phase is connected to the following 1. Erikson specified an age scope for each developmental phase to take topographic point. but I believe that every kid will travel through each phase throughout life but non at the same clip. Every kid is different and so is their developmental procedure. Children between the age of three and four old ages old are on the kindergartner phase which is inaugural vs. guilt. It is during this phase that kids begin to see a desire to mime the grownups around them and take enterprise in making a playful state of affairs.
Besides during this phase kids begin to do up narratives. program activities. do up games. and initiate activities with others. It is of import that as parents. instructors. and health professionals we allow the kids to take the enterprise to make things on their ain even if they are non perfect. Besides during this phase kids begin to inquire inquiries because their thirst for cognition is turning ( McLeod. 2008 ) . It is of import that we allow the kids to take the enterprise in making things and besides experience free to inquire inquiries about what is on their head. If the kid is successful in this phase it will take them to a sense of intent and kids who try to exercise excessively much power experience disapproval ensuing in a sense of guilt ( Erikson’s psychosocial phases drumhead chart. 2012 ) . During the kindergartner phase it is of import that as instructor we encourage kids to do picks and take action on their ain. Besides during this phase kids enjoy books being read to them. The books can run from informational books to narrative books.
There are different activities that as instructor can with kids after reading them a book. Erikson besides believe that kids to should be allowed to research their environment. The kid instructor ratio is besides really of import for the development of this phase. This will let preschool kids to do picks about drama activities. stuffs. playfellows. and self-help modus operandis that encourage the development of a sense of liberty. It is besides of import that we encourage the kids to be more independent. but we need to be available to supply physical and emotional support. As pedagogues it is of import that we provide the kids with a course of study that allows kids to pattern their emerging accomplishments and besides supply them with all the tools and stuffs needed for success ( Feeney. Moravcik. Nolte. & A ; Christensen. 2010. p. 157 ) . Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have been of great influence to early childhood professionals. My instruction schemes. doctrine. and values go manus in manus with Piaget and Erikson theories. Jean Piaget constructivist theory focuses on that every kid will build their apprehension of things as they experience them.
That is why I believe that supplying kids with an environment that is developmentally appropriate will assist with the cognitive development. Erikson’s psychosocial theory focal points on the emotional development of kids as they grow. It is of import that we allow the kids at this age group to be more independent. so they can develop a sense of intent. If we prevent them for taking enterprises and being independent it can do them to develop a sense of guilt. I will make a curriculum base on both Jean Piaget constructivist theory and Erik Erikson psychosocial theory that will profit the kids wellbeing. The followers is a week-long program for preschool age kids with a unit subject on farm animate beings. Preschool Weekly Lesson Plan
Week of November 1st
Letter C- Number 5
Color – Orange. Shape Circle
Daily Activities| Monday| Tuesday| Wednesday| Thursday| Friday| Circle Time| Calendar. conditions. songsFarm Animals BookBy Phoebe Dunn| Calendar. conditions. songsPiggy. Piggy What Do You See? | Calendar. conditions. songsOld McDonald Book By Jessica Souhami| Calendar. conditions. songsGuess What Is In Grandpa’s Farm? By Nancy O’Neil| Field Trip| Song/Rhyme| Old McDonald Had A Farm| This Little Piggy Went To The Market| Ring Around The Rosie| On A Farm Song| To The Farm| Art Project| Who’s In the Barn? | Pig Puppets & A ; Houses| What Do Cows Eat? | Baby Animal Handprint Art workSheep| Wear comfy places and cloth| Learning Time| Baby Animal Sounds| Sort The Farm Animals by Number| ScienceMake Butter| Sheep LetterMatch Up| Be Here By 8:30 am| Letter/Number Time| Letter C| Sequence The Animals Number 1-5| Baby Chick Bingo Game| My Numbers 1-5| | Special Activity| Duck. Duck. Goose Game| Musical Farm Animals| Cows Give Us Milk| Sheer The Sheep| Will Be Back By 12:00pm| ( November hebdomadally calendar. adaycare. com )
As the kids arrive every forenoon I will recognize them and their parents as they are drop off. It is of import for the kids to experience comfy with me and the environment. When parents bead of their kids they will go forth with a piece of head that their kids are good taken attention off. Once all the kids have arrived we will travel into circle clip to discourse the calendar. conditions. vocal or book. I will read different books to the kids each twenty-four hours sing farm animate beings. The kids will get down to larn about the different animate beings that live in a farm and what they look like. Once we have finished reading the book we will travel on to song or rime portion of the course of study. We will sing vocals that pertain to farm animate beings such as “Old McDonald Had a Farm. This Small Piggy Went to the Market. Ringing around the Rosie. and On the Farm” . All of these vocals will learn the kids about farm animate beings and some will even learn them about the different sounds you can hear in a farm.
Art undertakings are great activities in which the kids can hold some hands-on clip during these undertakings. It is of import that the kids spend some clip making activities that will assist them larn from their experiences as they learn about the farm animate beings. During learning clip we will be making different activities in which the kids will larn about carnal sounds. screening the animate beings by Numberss. sheep missive lucifer up and even doing butter as portion of scientific discipline. The kids will be larning the figure 5 and the missive C. Making butter will be a great experience for the kids as they will each do their ain butter to distribute on some homemade staff of life. The kids will use some lucifer accomplishments and besides pattern some gross motor accomplishments. We will besides hold some particular activities for the kids we will be play duck. duck. goose ; larning how cattles give us milk. and swerve the sheep. Under sheer the sheep the kids will larn that sheep pelt is wool and how it is used to do different things such as vesture. carpets. and other things that are made up of wool. The last twenty-four hours of the hebdomad will be taking a field trip to a farm so the kids can hold a first-hand experience of what life in a farm is like. The kids will be able to see the different animate beings that live in a farm and what each animate being green goodss and how it is used.
For illustration a cow produces milk that is used to do cheese. butter. ice pick. yoghurt and many other dairy merchandises. The kids will besides larn the procedure of how milk ends up on the shelves at food market shops. This week-long lesson program will learn the kids about the life in a farm and what lives in it ( adaycare. com. Weekly calendar ) . The followers is a sample of an integrated activity program that will incorporate linguistic communication humanistic disciplines and math. WHAT it is grocery shopping activity that the kids will make while they play in this centre. WHO it’s for this activity is for a group of five kids at a clip. WHY this activity? Rationale: I have observed several of the kids in the schoolroom drama food market shopping. I have chosen to make this activity with five kids at a clip. so that kids can hold more hands-on clip. Aims: By take parting in this activity the kids will larn about what they want to cook before they shop.
Then they will do a list utilizing images or words with the aid of the instructor. Then the kids will travel to the shop and utilize the list they create to set things in their basket and pay for their purchase. The kids will larn new vocabulary words that the instructor will utilize as natural portion of the drama procedure. During this activity the kids will larn to play with others and besides learn to negociate activity functions and develop of import societal accomplishments. HOW to fix the kids will utilize the stuffs in the shopping activity centre. HOW to learn I will learn this activity to the kids by take parting with them in the procedure of making the shopping list and buying the points they need. The kids will be able to heighten their linguistic communication art accomplishment because they will be larning new words and they will besides heighten their math accomplishments as they will be utilizing make-believe money to pay for the points they are purchasing. HOW to measure and papers I will document and measure each kid as they participate in the activity ( Malley. 2011 ) . It is really of import the course of study goes manus in manus with your learning doctrine. The schoolroom environment plays a great portion in the manner kids learn and take part in activities.
The schoolroom needs to be good organized and have a welcoming feeling when the kids and parents arrive every forenoon. Children learn better and take part more when they feel comfy. Besides it is really of import that as pedagogues we assess our kids to do certain that they are non falling behind. because if for any ground they are we need to acquire them the aid they need. Harmonizing to the No Child Left Behind Act every kid deserves to acquire the same instruction and no kid should be left behind. It is besides really of import that we get and opening communicating with the household of the kids. Every child’s household will convey in some interesting inside informations about each kid and their households. I would wish to make a newssheet that I will direct place with the pupils every hebdomad with of import day of the months and information that the parents should cognize. I will besides include in the newssheet what the kids will be larning that peculiar hebdomad. If for any ground there is a linguistic communication barrier I will seek to happen a transcriber to inform the parents of the kid what their kids are learn in category.
I plan to suit any child regardless of their particular demand. I will do certain that the kid with particular demands feels comfy. travel around the schoolroom easy. has all the particular stuffs need to carry through his/her category work. Once once more thank you for this interview chance that has allowed me to discourse my makings and doctrine of instruction. Teaching kids brings me great satisfactions because I am lending to their instruction. Children are really particular and alone as they are still traveling through their cognitive development. Every kid is different and their acquisition abilities are excessively. As pedagogues it is of import that we provide kids with a high quality instruction that promotes their cognitive development.
I will convey to this preschool my instruction cognition. creativeness. enthusiasm. and my sensitive to all of the children’s needs. I will follow the school’s plan harmonizing to the National Association for the Education of Young Children. place statement of Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children for Birth through Age 8. I will seek to happen different ways to integrate the community into the preschool plan. Making certain that the kids and the instructors are all working to together for the wellbeing of the kids. As instructor we find different ways to learn our kids skills that will assist them throughout their life. but we besides learn many things from our pupils. As a instructor my end is to supply my pupils with the best instruction that they will be able to utilize in their educational hereafter. Preschool instructors are the foundation of a child’s instructions. so it is really of import that they get the best instruction possible.
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Eliason. C. F. . Jenkins. L. ( 2012 ) . A practical usher to early childhood course of study ( 9th ed. ) . New Jersey: Pearson Education. Inc
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Novembers weekly calendar. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. adaycare. com/November. hypertext markup language