The American Revolution- Whose Revolution Was It?
There are different schools of thoughts to explain why the revolution started, but out of all the schools agree the most with the Imperial School. The Imperial School is the result of the clash of two empires, the British and the Americans, with different viewpoints. The British wanted to have control over the Americans while the Americans wanted to be independent from the British, a free nation.
This clash in viewpoints resulted in revolution which later results in America’s independence and transformation in society. Americans were guided by the British having the same beliefs and doing what hey were told.Shortly, this would all change when the government started to make acts. These acts Were passed due to the debt (140 million pounds) Of the Seven Years’ War. In Britain taxes were common and were even getting raised but, for Americans it was unfamiliar to have such a thing as taxes to help the government economically. It all started out with the Sugar Act in 1764, it increased the duty on sugar being imported from the West Indies. The colonist didn’t approve of this act and started to protest and as a result the tax started to lower, later it died out.
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Protest didn’t stop just there but intended once the Quartering Act came out in 1765.This made colonist provide food to British troops. While making this new act they started to enforce a new tax called the stamp tax. This tax was not for the debt, but to support the new military force. The tax was for all legal documents to be stamped which certified that the tax was paid. Again, the Americans began to protest but this time they took action. They gathered in assemblies and refused to do as the Quartering Act asked for and voted they would only provide only half of the materials they were asked for to give to the troops.
This refusal to do as they were told later came known as Greenville aggression.The British, seeing as the colonist were taking control over the colony, began to have admiralty courts, the jury was not allowed in court. This meant that you were already guilty and had to prove yourself innocent instead of it being the other way around, innocent until proven guilty. Even though many British thought this would stop the Americans from revolting, it did not; Americans continued and crying out, “No taxation without representation. ” These groups of Americans that fought for their right later name to be known as the Sons and Daughters of Liberty. Americans started to use their knowledge and thought about having their own rights.They began to think about international unity.
After some time, the acts were no more but then the Parliament wanted to enforce the taxes again. They wanted to repeal the Stamp Act but didn’t. Instead they did the Townsend Act, to import duty on glass, white lead, paper and tea. This was far worse than the Stamp Act because it paid taxes materials that the colonist used on a daily day. This resulted in the Boston Massacre. On March 5, 1 770, colonist marched to ten redcoats and throw snowballs. This “innocent fight” ended with gun fire and death, eleven were either killed or wounded.
The British were the ones who started the revolution. After the Seven Year War the British began to enforce all kind of taxes to pay off the debt but instead lost an colony. The American Revolution was the American’s revolution because it was their fight to get their rights. After the taxes were passed, people gathered to write down their rights but the monarch ignored it. They tempted the Americans to revolt. The British wanted to have so much control over the Americas it got out of hand. They should have had some empathy towards the Americans but did not because the British only saw the colony as a “gold mine”.
They never turned to the colonies until the debt came along; they then became interested in the colonies. The Americans being new to the taxes wasn’t even taken in consideration, it was only enforced on the Americans. After seeing the reaction of the Americans towards the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act they should have stopped enforcing taxes on the Americans. But instead the Parliament just continued enforcing taxes and got the American’s tired. Giving them all this pressure made them think about having their own action. They all sat, wrote their rights down and still they continued pressuring the Americans.Thomas Paine put some sense into the Americans, telling them: If they are such a big country why are they being dominated by such a little country? This made sense because the Americans knew how government could abuse of their power, what their rights truly were and how to run their own country.
After thinking so hardly Americans began to revolt against the British which resulted in victory. The Treaty of Paris of 1 783 made the Americans free of the British. The British kept Canada while the Americans got all their territory they had won from the Seven Years War.