The autobiography of Benjamin Franklin- NOT DONE YET BUT SOME IS COMPLETE SO YOU CAN STUDY

Benjamin Franklin’s younger years- what did they look like?
January 17, 1706, Boston, M: Franklin was the 15th child of 17. He went to school until age 10 (also was sent off to school), worked for his fathers candle and soap shop until age 12, worked as an apprentice to his brother James and his printing company from age 12-17 ish. He then left his brother with 3 years left in the apprenticeship to go to england and established his own company (i think). He also wrote letters to his brothers paper under the names “silence dogood”. He also loved to read and often took books from his brother.
What did Franklin think about education and/or learning in general?
Benjamin Franklin thought of education as a desired privilege. He thought of it as an eternally ongoing adventure of discovery rather than dreaded and timed sessions. He improved science, literature, and shaped public policy.
Franklin identifies several “errata” (errors) of his life in Part 1. What are they? Why does he consider them errors?
leaving James apprenticeship before it was up … and breaking his engagement to Debroah Read
Describe Franklin as a friend. What does he think of his friends?
Franklin would be a true friend, He would stay true to his word and who will always stay by your side no matter what, he likes to find people with the same interests as him so he can have lengthy conversations with one another. He shared respect with his friends and thought of them highly
Franklin is well versed in starting new projects for public well being. How does he go about making these changes
One of Franklins public changes is the The Library Company of Philadelphia that he built in 1731. It was America’s first lending library and can lay claim to being the predecessor of the free public library.
He helped launch philadelphias first police force, volunteer fire department, life insurance firm, first hospital, and as a post master he doubled and triples mail frequencies
Describe Franklin’s system of virtues.
Franklin formulated a list of virtues to (optimistically) become perfect in 13 weeks- mastering one virtue per week.
What does Franklin think of religion and how does it impact him?
Deism- He communicates to God in his own way and believes in simply praying and practicing good works. He does not associate with Christianity but does talk about the importance of God in his novel and life. His virtues also agree with most religions, although none of them talk about God.
1. Temperance
Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.
2. Silence.
Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.
3. Order.
Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.
4. Resolution.
Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.
5. Frugality.
Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i. e., waste nothing.
6. Industry.
Lose no time; be always employ’d in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.
7. Sincerity.
Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly; and, if you speak, speak accordingly.
8. Justice.
Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
9. Moderation.
Avoid extreams; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.
10. Cleanliness.
Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.
11. Tranquillity.
Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.
12. Chastity.
Purity
13. Humility.
Imitate Jesus and Socrates.
James Franklin
Franklin’s admittedly biased in this portrait of his brother: he paints James as a cruel, bossy older brother who treats the very young Franklin terribly. But we can’t exactly condone the way James treats him either.
Josiah Franklin
Even though he doesn’t show up much in the autobiography, Franklin’s father instills a lot of valuable traits in him and leaves a big impression on him. For example, Josiah teaches his son to value reading and education, even though he can’t afford to keep him in school. When Franklin’s trying to study and become an author on his own merits, Josiah offers him the (probably) valuable advice that poetry’s not really the field for him to go into.
William Franklin
The person Benjamin was writing to in the first part of the book often referred to as hes “son”
Deborah Read
We learn almost nothing about Franklin’s wife, Deborah, and most of what we know comes peripherally. For example, she sees him on Franklin first day in Philadelphia, walking down the street holding bread, and isn’t that put off. She must become interested in him when he’s living in her father’s house as a boarder, but they only do preliminary courting before Franklin goes to England, where he seems to forget her. While he’s gone, Deborah gets involved with – and technically marries – another man. So, we don’t know if Deborah wasn’t all that interested in Franklin, if her family pushed her to marry someone else because they thought he wasn’t coming back, or what. Deborah kind of has a rough deal of it, though, because her first husband runs off and she never hears from him again. This doesn’t stop her from perking up when Franklin returns and they decide to get married.
Mr. Denham
Denham has a small but important role as the friend and benefactor who helps Franklin out during his first trip to England. He impresses Franklin with his Quaker sensibilities when they meet on Franklin’s first voyage to England. During this stay in England, Denham almost acts as an externalized version of Franklin’s consciousness, giving him advice and helping him out. For example, he reveals his kindness and honesty by helping Franklin figure out that Governor Keith has broken his promises and abandoned him. Denham’s also the voice of reason in this moment, as he’s the one who tells Franklin to get off his butt and find a job. He fills this role later, too, when he tells Franklin to stop wasting money and start saving so he can return to America. Denham even offers Franklin a job if he returns to America with him.
John Collins
John Collins is one of Franklin’s childhood besties, and his first writing buddy/intellectual companion. Early in the book, they have this sort of idyllic, long distance epistolary (a fancy way of saying letter-writing) relationship, where they write each other long tomes about big ideas and practice their argument skills. We know more about Franklin’s letters than Collins’s, but the point of their exchanges is how much they enjoy the process of improving their writing and stretching their brains out.
Samuel Hemphill
Of all the religious figures Franklin meets, Hemphill’s one of the few that gets him into church. Hemphill is, Franklin thinks, a great preacher who really concentrates on virtue. So many other preachers talk about being virtuous in a purely religious sense, like only looking inward instead of expanding virtue out into all aspects of your life, and Hemphill’s one of the few guys who talks about this larger sense of virtue. Franklin helps him write some promotional material – that’s how much he likes him.
ABEL JAMES AND BENJAMIN VAUGHAN
Franklin begins Part 2 of his Autobiography by including letters from these two friends of his. All we really know about them is that they both think Franklin should keep writing, and he takes their advice. From a literary standpoint, the inclusion of their letters is interesting because it’s the only time in the text we hear people speaking in voices other than Franklin’s own.
Andrew Bradford
Franklin originally goes to Philadelphia hoping to work for Bradford, but Bradford doesn’t have any openings. They’re cordial competitors and Franklin will later replace him as Postmaster.
GENERAL LOUDON
General Loudon delays Franklin when he’s on his way to England to argue on behalf of the Assembly.
When did he die?
April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, PA
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