The Baroque Era Essay Research Paper THE
Only $13.90 / page
The Baroque Era Essay, Research Paper
THE BAROQUE AGE
Social and Cultural Background
Baroque is a term borrowed from the ocular humanistic disciplines and one that is used
in many different senses. The Baroque Era applies to the old ages between
1600 and 1750. The most celebrated composers of this clip were Bach, Handel,
Vivaldi and Teleman.
Politically it was an age of brilliant absolute Monarch s. The most
magnificent of all was Louis XIV of France. Louis ruled from 1634 until 1713.
During this clip the demand to make a national civilization or a regional manner
that would fit or excel the elsewhere created cultural theoretical accounts was
When looking at Baroque architecture it is noticeable that the
sculptures and pictures are ne’er still: they are twisted, traveling, fighting,
and dramatically lighted. Paintings of the Baroque Era focused more on
dramatic topics and experimented with dramatic lighting.
The Baroque Era was concerned with feelings, the stronger the
better. This could be seen throughout the churches. In church construction
the proportions are grandiose, they are designed to affect and awe the
perceivers. Gold and rich textures and surfaces can be seen all through the
All of these subjects that I have discussed are besides clear in the music
of the Baroque period. It paints images of vivacious colorss and triggers
strong emotions. The desire to detect these subjects is apparent in the
innovation of the exciting new signifier music, opera, and in the usage of operatic
techniques in dramatic music for the church.
Important Musical Developments
Composer-performers would endeavor at going Kapellmeisers in this
Era. A Kapellmeister is a music manager at one of the great tribunals. They
were responsible for all the music performed in the tribunal. These places
were really unstable though and composer were ever on the sentinel for new
The duties of performing artists during this epoch was to compose music
at a ferocious gait due to the demand. Bach, for illustration, was responsible for
one oratorio a hebdomad while he was music manager at Leipzig. Due to the gait
the music was written, the performing artists of the pieces had to make full in the
inside informations. Baroque music can hence be classified as a type of wind because
the soloists would play their ain versions of a basic tune with beat
subdivision improvises, based on a chord form.
Baroque music sounds different from music of other periods due to
its deficiency of dynamic scope. The composers at this clip normally did non stipulate
kineticss on their pieces, they merely wrote loud or soft.
The most outstanding component in Baroque music was beat and
texture. Baroque s fast motion by and large caused the feeling of rhythmic
thrust. Tempos were ever changeless. The least outstanding component was
tune. Gradual rise of key on the other manus was a great Baroque
invention. This is the major-minor system that is still used today in the
Opera was one of the most of import developments in the Baroque
Era. It began in Florence in 1600. Gallic operas featured more accent
on the orchestra and chorus. During this clip Handel invented the cantata.
An cantata is a big work for soloists, chorus, and orchestra Sung in
concert format, without costumes or presenting, in a concert hall instead than as
portion of a church service. Some other instrumentals formed during this epoch
Concerto Grosso: in three motions, fast-slow-fast, and pits a big
group of soloists against the larger twine ensemble.
Suite: a less formal construction dwelling of several binary dance
Fugue: Latin for flight or pursuit, denotes a standard Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach,
Cantata No. 140
Bach is the giant of Western Art. Bach was born in Eisenach, No
Germany, and was raised by an older brother after he was orphaned. Bach s
most of import place came in 1723 and lasted until his decease which was
January 28, 1750. He was the Cantor at the church of St.Thomas in
Leipzig. He was best known as a keyboard performing artist. His greatest pieces
though, were his organ pieces. Bach was besides known for his Cantata s. The
oratorio was written in reasonably free signifier. They were portion of a long church
service. In most cantatas the highest point is during the gap chorus,
which is besides normally the longest motion. Cantata no.140 Wachet Auf is
an first-class illustration of the chorale oratorio signifier. Bach wrote it for one of
the concluding Sunday s after Trinity. The vocal is broken into a five-part
1 ) Chorus
2 ) Recitative and Duets-Soloists
3 ) Chorus
4 ) Recitative and Duet-Soloists
5 ) Choral- Chorus and Congregation
Another celebrated piece by Johann Sebastian Bach was Brandenburg
Concerto No.5. The Brandenberg concertos are illustrations of a Baroque
signifier known as the concerto gross that is based on the rule of contrast
between two groups, or sounds of different sounds and at the same clip
kineticss. The first motion of this piece is in ritornello signifier. It is made
up of three basic forms that work good with instruments. The 2nd
motion heard contains soloists and continues without threading orchestra.
The 3rd and last motion is made up of soloists and orchestra.
George Friederich Handel,
For Unto Us A Child is Born from Messiah
Handel is known as the other Baroque composer. Handel contrasts
greatly with Bach, non merely in their manner of music but in their personalities,
life styles, and callings. Handel was non born into a musical household. It wasn T
until the decease of his male parent that he quite his jurisprudence calling to go a
instrumentalist. After the genre of Italian opera faded Handel hit upon an English
version of the early cantata, originally a concert scene of a scriptural
narrative in Latin. The success of his cantatas and a steady watercourse of new
composings made Handel progressively affluent and celebrated. He passed off
in 1759, blind, but was still seen as a famous person. Due to Messiah s length and it s brooding instead than dramatic attack to nature, it makes it a non typical cantata. For Unto Us A Child is Born is a glorious illustration of Handel s choral manner, an component which makes cantatas so popular. As opposed to Bach s manner of composing for merely little groups of male childs and work forces, Handel was fond of grandiose effects, such as dual choruses. Handel s choruses were written strong plenty to affect the audience who had paid admittance to hear the oratorio. The cantata is written in a three portion construction. The three thoughts are distinguishable and are ever kept separate, and ne’er combined. Out of this simple, insistent construction comes a hearty consequence: the hearer of this piece feels the victory and joy of the text due to it s easy to follow stuff.
Spring from The Four Seasons
Bach and Handel are non the merely great composer of this epoch. Antonio
Vivaldi was another maestro of music during the Baroque period.
Vavaldi was born in 1678 in Venice. His male parent excessively was a musician, a
fiddler at St.Marks s church in Venice. For 36 old ages, from 1704
until 1740, he was music manager at the Ospedale della Pieta, a school for
illicit girls of the nobility. He so left his occupation to carry on
opera in Italian metropoliss. He finally wrote concertos non merely for fiddle and
standard winds-oboe, flute, bassoon-but besides for instruments such as the
piccolo, mandolin, and guitar.
One of his best known plants is the Four Seasons. It is a set of four
concerti grossi which relate to nature during these seasons. The spirit of
childlike gaiety can be seen throughout out this piece which is
of import to Baroque manner. It is really easy to see why Vivaldi s pieces are
still played and enjoyed to this twenty-four hours.