The Beatles Influence on Rock-and-Roll
Topping the charts in ’63 with “Love Me Do,” and bringing in the highest rated viewing in history while reforming on the De Sullivan Show, the Beetles are definitely a band that broke the sound barrier of rock and roll. They used unique sounds in their music and weren’t afraid of experimenting in the studio, they even welcomed accidental occurrences and toyed around to get the sound they were looking for.
Artificial double tracking was invented during the recording of their album Revolver and also a new technique on mining strings.They paved the way for other British Bands in America and even had full-blown imitators, like the Monkeys, that copied everything from their look, to the spelling error in heir name, and their campaign. They also helped create a whole new genre of music called folk rock. Their influence is still seen in today’s musicians, such as the band Oasis, who compare their music constantly to the Beetles. “The impact of the Beetles – not only on rock and roll but on Western culture ? is simply incalculable.As musicians, they proved that rock and roll could embrace a limitless variety of harmonies, structures and sounds; virtually every rock experiment has some precedent on Beetles records. ” Said by the Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock and Roll, could not be any more wrong.
The Beetles had a huge impact on not just rock and roll, but music as a whole, as well as influencing the technology used to record their music. They weren’t afraid of experimenting and instead of producing music they produced art. Their influence is seen all over the world, but no one has come close to the fame that was Battlement.The Beetles originated from Liverpool, England and consists Of Paul McCarty, John Lennox, George Harrison, and Ring Starr. They first started playing shows in Hamburg, Germany as a skiff’s band in 1960. In 1962 they released their first single “Love Me Do,” which reached the number one spot n U. S.
Charts in May of ’63. Their first appearance on the De Sullivan Show in February of ’64 brought in over 73 million viewers, the most in U. S. History. By April 1 964, they held the first five places in the Billboard Hot 100.The Beetles were one of the biggest influences on music during the ass and ass. Their music, to this day, remains more widely known than any other music of the rock era.
They have brought new sounds and ideas in their music and revolutionized the idea of rock and roll. Their work was always invested with originality, using unique sounds in their music, which is most aromatically seen in SST. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band. They used many studio effects on this album, including reverberation, echoes, and reverse tape effects.They experimented with sounds that no other bands used, and had great success with it. They created their own material, breaking the Tin pan monopoly of song writing, setting in motion revolutionary changes in the music publishing industry. They wrote songs for fellow artists and even encouraged the Rolling Stones to write their own music.
“The Beetles Were the first group to use the recording studio as a writing LOL, building up complex song arrangements by multi-tracking and importing orchestral textures and avian-GA red effects under the guidance of producer George Martin” (Salesman). In SST.Poems Lonely Hearts Club Band, instead of using traditional breaks in between songs, one tracked merged into the next, which were linked by studio talk, laughter, electronic noises, and animal sounds. They also used audio tricks involving steam organs, orchestras, sitars, and even a pack foxhounds in full cry at the end of “Good Morning Good Morning. ” The use of animal sounds were actually first used in the Beach Boys album Pet Sounds that the Beetles admired. When asked the Beach Boys where they got their innovation for Pet Sounds, the Beetles Rubber Soul album was what inspired them. A Day In The Life,” the last song on the album, featured “what Lennox described as ‘a sound building up from nothing to the end of the world” (Lazarus).
The song “Strawberry Fields Forever” fused two different versions of the same song and used reverse-tape cellos for an eerie effect. After George Harrison used sitar on the song “Norwegian Wood,” other bands like the Birds, Yardarms, and the Rolling Stones, soon followed incorporating Eastern-influence sounds into their work. Paul McCarty once said, Me would say, ‘Try it! Just try it for us. If it sounds crappy, K, v?al lose it.But it might just sound good. ‘ We were always pushing ahead: Louder, further, longer, more different’ (“All About Jazz”). The Beetles had complete access to Abbey Road studios free of charge, spending hours upon hours experimenting and writing music.
They used the studio as an instrument in itself. They were the first band to push musical and technological boundaries. They took advantage of accidental occurrences in he recording process. You can see this in “I Feel Fine” where there is feedback and also in “Long, Long, Long” where there is a resonating glass bottle.They also deliberately toyed with situations and techniques that would further chance effects. An example of this is in “I am the Walrus,” where they used a live mixing of a UK radio broadcast into the fade of the song, and also the chaotic assemblage of “Tomorrow Never Knows. ” Ken Townsend invented artificial double tracking (DAD) during the recording of Revolver because Lennox didn’t like singing a song twice.
DAD is still widely seed for instruments and voices; however, it is now mostly known as automatic double tracking.Other influences the Beetles had on technology were the use of close mining the strings by engineer Geoff Emeriti when recording. In 1966 that was a radically new way of mining strings, and now it is common practice. The Beetles were also the firsts to use direct injection to record Encasements bass on SST. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. This is done by connecting the bass to the recording console via an impedance matching Del box. The Beetles paved the way for other British bands in America.
The Beetles ere the first British group to break into America and since the Beetles were able to have fame in the US, they gave other British bands the possibility Of making it in America. Such bands were Gerry and the Pacemakers, Billy J. Kramer and the Dakota, and the Searchers, who were all also managed by Brian Epstein. Other British bands that followed the Beetles were the Rolling Stones, the Who, and the Yardarms. The Rolling Stones had a raunchier dirty bad boy look, different then the clean-cut look of the Beetles. As the sass began, you can see the Beetles influence in artists like Elton John and PinkFloyd. In America, the most blatant imitators of the Beetles were the Monkeys, who even calculatedly misspelled the Anne just like the Beetles.
The Monkeys were four actors portraying longhair whimsical musicians; however, their music was actually performed by studio musicians. They copied the Beetles to a tee, including their campaign. Before the Beetles came to the US, their manager Brian Epstein had Capital Records spend $50,000 on a campaign, plastering posters all over the county stating, “The Beetles Are Coming,” and gave disc jockeys records of interviews with theBeetles to feel like they were actually making personalized interviews. For the Monkeys, “The band’s label spent $1 00,000 on an ad campaign that involved seventy-six advance men, who distributed thousands of posters proclaiming ‘The Monkeys Are Coming’ and provided preview records to 6,000 disc jockeys” (Statuary 125). After the assassination of President John Kennedy, the whole country was at a low point and the Beetles brought them back to happier times, especially the folk artists. A lot of folk artists felt like the protest was over after Kennedy was killed.Kennedy was making a change n the country, but after his death, they felt like there was no more fight left in them.
Bob Dylan, one of the major folk musicians Of the era, just gave it all away and went towards the more electrified sounds of the Beetles. Gene Clark, who at the time was part of the folk group the New Christy Minstrels, was on tour when he first heard the Beetles song “She Loves You. ” “l must have played it 40 times in the two days the New Christy Minstrels were playing that town,’ he later enthused. ‘l knew, I knew that this was the future?’ (Statuary 140).Gene Clark later quit the New Christy Minstrels and formed is own band with Roger Miscuing and a few other former folk musicians. They called themselves the Birds, misspelling it to emulate the spelling error in the Beetles. They combined Delaney folk, vocal harmonies and Beetles music to create folk rock.
Other folk bands that switched to folk rock were the Turtles, Paul Simon and Art Gargantuan, and Scotland folk singer Donovan Letch, which Paul McCarty was featured singing with him on his song “Mellow Yellow. ” One other band was Loving’ Spoonful who owed their debt to Dylan and none other than the Beetles.When new wave and punk music darted in the late 1 sass, their sound and style could still be heard in artists like the Squeeze, the Police, and Elvis Costello. “Their music has spoken not only to its own time but to every generation since” (Campbell, Broody 168). In the late sass a new style of music called “baggy”‘ originated from Manchester. The musical devotees sported Ablate-queue haircuts and drew heavily on the sass. They fused Beetles psychedelic with electronic elements taken from the simultaneously developing acid house scene.
You can see the Beetles influence in the guitar style and song arrangements of theStone Roses, guitarist John Squire cited them as one of his main influences. The mid ass saw a whole new host of Beetles influenced bands. The band Cast, which was formed by guitarist John Powers in 1994, has Lennox-queue vocals and memorable songs, which are still reaping the rewards. In 1 995 a Liverpool band called the Boo Raddled had both the Beetles pop and psychedelic styles. Songwriter/guitarist Martin Carr told Melody Maker in 1994 that, “There’s never been a time when they haven’t been a part of my life” (Salesman). The Gallagher brothers, who formed the group Oasis, lived ND breathed the Beetles.They even named dropped the Beetles whenever they could in interviews.
They would write their own melodies and then arrange them in a Ablate-queue style, but with a rocky, attitude-dowsed edge. “It’s beyond an obsession. It’s an ideal for living. Don’t even know how to justify it to myself. With every song that I write, I compare it to The Beetles,’ Noel Gallagher told Q in 1 996” (Salesman). Of the eight years that were the Beetles, no band has received more attention from fans, musicians, and scholars. Their music tells us more about the sixties than any other band.