The Bolsheviks Did Not Sieze Power They
Merely Picked It Up Essay, Research Paper
The Bolsheviks did non prehend power they simply picked it up
It is true to state that the Bolsheviks did non prehend power but instead picked it up. The procedure that ensured their ictus of power is known as the Russian Revolution. This brought an terminal to 300 old ages of regulation by monarchical, the Romanov dynasty. & # 8220 ; The Bolsheviks were excessively numerically weak to subvert a properly tally authorities. What they did hold was aspiration, finding and a scheme to lift to an empty place of power & # 8221 ; . They were eager to subvert the monarchy and rose to power as a consequence of the revolution.
Nicholas II is historically noted for being the last Tsar of Russia. Known to his curates as being an improbably weak and easy lead tyrant, he was out of melody with the people he ruled. His unruly, opinionated married woman Alexandra was said to rule Nicholas and state him what to make.
Only $13.90 / page
This is evidently a factor which contributed to his ruin and the rise of the Bolsheviks to power. At the clip of his enthronement as King he said, & # 8220 ; Let all cognize that I, giving all my strength to the public assistance of the people, will continue the rule of autarchy as steadfastly and every bit unflinchingly as my late unforgettable male parent & # 8221 ; . This is a incredible contradiction. It is true that Nicholas did everything in his power to keep onto absolute autarchy that ruled Russia but, in non one sense did he look after the public assistance of his people. During World War One dearth swept Russia and many provincials died as a consequence. By the start of 1917 the provincials, the in-between category and even the ground forces were against the Tsar and this resulted in the Revolution.
By 1900 there was great discontent in the people of Russia. The provincials in peculiar were discontent with the life that they lived. They owned no land and were forced to work in the Fieldss all twenty-four hours merely to feed their households. This resulted in great poorness that swept Russia s lower categories and as there became less land to work provincials were forced to travel to the metropoliss and work in the mills. Russia was in the center of its Industrial Revolution and many mills were full of provincials who lived in dismaying conditions. It seemed that the hapless became hungrier as the richer became wealthier. In 1905, a peaceable presentation was lead by a priest called Father Gapon. He organised 1000s of discontented provincials to process harmoniously to the Winter Palace. They carried images and posters of the Tsar and chanted, & # 8220 ; God save the Tsar & # 8221 ; . The Royal Soldiers turned on the crowd an shooting 100s of defenceless people work forces, adult females and kids. It was from this minute that the Tsar became known as & # 8220 ; Bloody Nicholas & # 8221 ; . He was distant and unsympathetic to his people and relentless to portion his power.
The Russian people demanded that their voice be heard and after many work stoppages which resulted in mutiny against the Tsar, Nicholas was forced to organize an elective parliament he called the Duma. In the infinite of clip between 1906 and 1917, the Duma met four times but, had no existent power. The Tsar s secret constabulary, called the Okrana arrested anyone who opposed Nicholas and exiled them to Siberia or imprisoned them. Trade Unions were banned and there was rigorous censoring of imperativeness. & # 8220 ; Many members of the in-between category and the nobility criticised the authorities for being unqualified and oppressive & # 8221 ; . It was widely agreed that something must be done.
A group who called themselves the Socialist Revolutionaries formed in Russia in 1900. Their leader Lenin ( a great mind from serf stock ) decided that something must be done to subvert the bossy opinion that dominated Russia at the clip. In 1903, the Social Revolutionaries split into two different groups, the Bolsheviks, intending bulk and the Mensheviks, intending minority. Both parties believed in the demand for a Russian revolution nevertheless, they disagreed on how this should be brought approximately. The Bolsheviks had a tightly controlled and disciplined party in which all members obeyed orders from the leaders. They saw themselves as professional revolutionists who could confer their state with leading the population could non supply themselves. They besides believed that they had the power to rush up the procedure of the extroverted Revolution. On the other manus the Mensheviks were unfastened and willing to get differences of sentiment. They were of the sentiment that the revolution would non happen until economic conditions were
stable and while Russia was still under Tsarist government this would non be for a long clip. Clash between the two cabals dominated party political relations until the beginning of World War One.
Both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks were followings and trusters in Karl Marx ( 1818-83 ) a German who is known for being the male parent of Communism. He concluded that after 100s of old ages of absolutism one twenty-four hours the in-between category would lift to power and this would merely go on as a consequence of a revolution. He believed that merely so would every one be equal. Marx noted that this would merely go on in states like Britain and Germany and non in Russia as it was a feudal state. It is someway dry that Russia was the first to fall to Communism.
& # 8220 ; Despite all this discontent, the chances for revolution did non look good in 1914. None of the radical parties was organised to take over power. Most of their leaders were in prison or in expatriate. It was merely the eruption of the First World War that, out of the blue, gave them the chance for which they had been looking. & # 8221 ;
Allied with Britain, Russia s ground forces was the biggest in the war with about 14 million soldiers being drafted by 1917. This did non halt them from being unprepared and inadequately qualified with one gun available for every three soldiers in preparation and three slugs a twenty-four hours for soldiers in conflict. Russia began to endure mortifying lickings and in 1915, the Tsar went to the forepart to take over as Commander in Chief of the armed forces. He left Alexandra behind to run the state, who was unpopular with the people because of her German background. She was under the influence of a roving provincial sanctum adult male called Rasputin who took over the authorities and sacked many competent curates and advisers. The new curates that Rasputin appointed were non merely unqualified but corrupt and this added to the popular discontent that swept Russia.
In February 1917 representatives from the Duma went to see the Tsar at the forepart and urged him to renounce. He did, with small opposition, non merely for himself, but his boy Alexis every bit good. Nicholas brother The Grand Duke Michael was offered the throne and he declined, so after 300 old ages of the Romanov dynasty Russia was no longer a monarchy. This created the biggest power vacuity that Russia had of all time experienced. A probationary authorities was set up. Headed by Alexander Kerensky, they abolished the Okrana and introduced the freedoms of address and imperativeness. These moves were popular with the people.
This popularity did non last for long. The Probationary Government refused to draw out of the War because they thought that under new direction the ground forces would get down to win. This was non the instance. Soldiers began puting up commissions and declining to obey the commanding officers who were directing them into conflict. Second, they refused to turn to the affair of provincials and their land. This one time more resulted in great discontentedness and the probationary authorities became known every bit being as bossy in their traffics with the people as the Tsar had been.
Lenin spent his whole grownup life waiting for the revolution and when it foremost happened, in February 1917, it caught him off guard while he was concealing in Finland. By April he had returned to Petrograd ( officially St. Petersburg ) . At a Bolshevik meeting he said that they should get down the 2nd revolution instantly, & # 8220 ; Hunger does non wait. The peasant rebellion does non wait. The war does non wait. & # 8221 ; . Lenin stood in forepart of crowds of provincials at a presentation and said & # 8220 ; Peace, Bread and Land & # 8221 ; . This is what they wanted to hear. After the adversity and harm that World War 1 had brought to the people, all they wanted was peace, and at any cost. That is possibly why the Bolsheviks rise to power was approved by the Russian people.
On October 25 the Winter Palace was stormed by the Bolsheviks and the Probationary Government succumbed to the force per unit area and gave in. The Probationary Government realised that they possessed no existent power or support from the people and that there was no hereafter for them as swayers of Russia.
The Bolsheviks did non prehend power they simply picked it up where it had been left by the Tsar. They came to power because the people of Russia were discontent and the Bolsheviks had a great leader called Lenin who orchestrated their rise to power with the ruin of the monarchy and the failure of the probationary authorities.