The Cherokee Nation
The Georgia Gold Rush was the first in U. S. History, and state officials demanded that the federal government expel the Cherokee. When Andrew Jackson was inaugurated as President in 1829, Georgians position gained the upper hand in Washington. In 1 830 the Indian Removal Act authorized the forcible relocation of American Indians east of the Mississippi to a new Indian Territory. Andrew Jackson said the removal policy was an effort to prevent the Cherokee from facing the fate of “the Meghan, the Narragansett, and the Delaware”, which he suggested was extinction as a people.
But, there is ample evidence that the Cherokee were adapting modern farming techniques. A modern analysis shows that the area was in general in a state of economic surplus. Two years later President Martin Van Burden ordered 7,000 Federal troops and state militia into Cherokee lands to evict the tribe. Over 16,000 Cherokee were forcibly relocated westward to Indian Territory in Oklahoma in 1838-1839, a migration known as the Trail of Tears Marched over 800 miles across Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas, the people suffered from disease, exposure and starvation, and as many as 4,000 died.
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The Cherokee Nation are very typical Native Americans in the aspect of culture and rituals. Cherokee Indians were polygamists until the mid 20th century when they became more monogamists however you will still find many Cherokees that are polygamists. The Cherokees are big believers of witchcraft and have always been worshippers of the sun, moon, stars and mother nature in general.
The Cherokees war rituals are probably the most fascinating. The Cherokee warrior was of the most feared warriors in the land at their nations peak.Whenever a Cherokee warrior became to old to fight he as retired to a “war council” where the oldest, wisest warriors made the war decisions for the tribe as a democracy. Before battle the Cherokees always had a war dance where the chief of the war council lead the dance and every warrior danced and prayed to their god’s for hours before battle. Following battle upon the return home all of a warriors spoils of war were given to his wives or his nearest woman relative. In a two page paper an author couldn’t begin to even hint at all of the customs and traditions of the great nation of the Cherokee People.According to the 2000 U .
S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 members, the largest of the 565 federally recognized Native American Tribes in the United States. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the united Kowtowed Band of Cherokee Indians (SUB) have headquarters in Tattletale, Oklahoma. The JIB are mostly descendants of “Old Settlers”, Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817. The Cherokee Nation are related to the people who were forcibly relocated there in the asses under the Indian Removal Act.