The Clarinet: History and Players Essay Sample
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The clarinet is such a little musical instrument. but has such a big assortment of utilizations. I play the clarinet myself. and this is what provoked me to take it as my subject. The Area of Interaction acquainted with this subject is Human Ingenuity because music is a fantastic creative activity that is a signifier of amusement to many people around the universe. The clarinet has a alone physique. a great trade of refinement to travel through. an challenging history. several “spin-offs” of itself. and has been the key to many musicians’ callings.
A clarinet is “a woodwind musical instrument in the form of a cylindrical tubing holding a individual reed mouthpiece” ( Merriam Webster Intermediate Dictionary ) . The clarinet disassembles into seven parts. They are the bell. lower articulation. upper articulation. the barrel. the mouthpiece. the ligature. and the reed. The ligature holds the reed to the mouthpiece. The reed vibrates the air that is blown into the clarinet and the size of the air column determines the pitch. You change the size of the air column by puting your fingers over the holes or onto the keys on the two articulations of the clarinet. The bell’s intent is to assist the tone of the lower notes. The clarinet’s big pitch scope is divided into three scopes: The Chalumeau scope ( traveling from the lowest note. Tocopherol to B flat ) . the Clarion scope ( which goes from B to C ) . and the Altissimo scope ( which goes from C crisp on up ) .
The Godhead of the clarinet was Johann Christoph Denner. He was a German instrumentalist ; nevertheless. he devoted his clip largely to polishing bing woodwind instruments. ( Encyclopedia Britannica ) . The instrument that he refined to make the clarinet was the Chalumeau. which is said to be the first individual reed instrument that existed. The Chalumeau had the scope of F ( one above the E ) to B flat. All Denner did to the chalumeau was add on a registry key. which increased the notes by a twelfth. ( The registry key made it possible that. when it was pressed. the pitch would travel up 12 notes. including the starting and stoping notes. ) After he did this. the clarinet was born. As with any new creative activity. the clarinet was refined after it was invented. Over the old ages. many different people improved the clarinet to do it easier to play and to give it a better tone. Some added keys for a longer scope. while others added parts for eloquence. Many different versions of the clarinet were being used all the manner up until 1843. But that twelvemonth. after being developed for usage on the clarinet since 1839. The Boehm Key System was introduced for the clarinet. This became the criterion key system for the clarinet and was patented the undermentioned twelvemonth.
With it. the clarinet has a really high scope. about 3 ? – 4 octaves. This cardinal system is still used today. ( Ironically. Theobald Boehm. the adult male whom the key system was named after. was non straight involved with the creative activity of this specific key system. It was named after him because he inspired the work forces who did make it with his innovation of the Boehm Key System for the flute. ) There are multiple types of clarinets. They range from the sopranino clarinet. being the highest pitched clarinet. to the octocontrabass. or subcontrabass. clarinet. being the lowest pitched clarinet ( Note that octocontrabass clarinets are non mass produced and there might merely be one in being ) . The clarinets used most often are as follows ( the figure in parenthesis is the figure of octaves the instrument is off from the standard clarinet in pitch. with the ( + ) or ( – ) stating whether the instrument is higher or lower pitched. severally ) : bass fiddle clarinet ( -2 ) . bass clarinet ( -1 ) . alto clarinet ( -7/12 ) . “A” clarinet ( -1/6 ) . B level clarinet ( 0 ) . and the E level clarinet ( +5/12 ) . ( An octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or duplicate its frequence ) .
There were many people who put the betterments to utilize. but one in specific was jazz clarinettist Benny Goodman. Benny was born into a hapless Judaic household on May 30th. 1909. in Chicago. Illinois. The first clip he picked up a clarinet was at the age of 10. At the age of 12. Benny appeared onstage copying celebrated bandleader and clarinettist Ted Lewis. Benny made his first records as a leader of Ben Pollack’s set and his influence is seen at the clip of the New Orleans Rhythm Kings. The New Orleans Rhythm Kings were one of the most influential wind sets of the early-to-mid 1920s. After go forthing Chicago and traveling to New York City. Goodman became a really successful and popular free-lancer. fall ining the likes of Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey in New York studios. In 1934 Benny put together his first large set with Gene Krupa on membranophones. who subsequently gave him the dent name “The King of Swing” . The “Swing Era” was born when Goodman added sophisticated agreements by Fletcher Henderson. Over the following 50 old ages. Goodman spent his clip recording and touring with international groups. including successful trips to Russia and the Far East. Additionally. he performed in many classical format concerts that received assorted reappraisals ( World Wide Web. redhotjazz. com ) . Known by instrumentalists for his stand-offish and “cheap” nature. many sidemen had a love/hate relationship with Goodman.
Many instrumentalists claimed that Benny was dishonest when it came clip to pay off the set and many more recalled the Goodman “ray” . the dirtiest of expressions received when a error was made. That aside. it’s clear that without Goodman the “Swing Era” would hold been nowhere nigh as strong when it became. if it came at all. After his decease. the Yale University library received most Benny Goodman’s private never-before-heard recordings and rare unpublished exposure. Another big influence to the “Swing Era” was celebrated clarinettist Arthur Jacob Arshawsky. better known as Artie Shaw. ( Originally. he called himself Art Shaw but was told that the name sounded like a sneeze. ) Born on May 23. 1910. in New York. New York. he was the lone kid of Judaic immigrants from Russia and Austria. Artie was a prima bandleader and wind performing artist. even being referred to as the King of the Clarinet.
He foremost started acquiring serious about playing music at age 13 when he took up the saxophone. Around the age of 15. he quit school to larn to go a better instrumentalist. Subsequently. at age 16. he started with the clarinet. Shaw listened to several wind greats including Louis Armstrong as an effort to better his ain playing. He listened and learned about the plants of classical composers Igor Stravinsky and Claude Debussy. About 1935. when Artie Shaw was invited to take part at a swing concert at the Imperial Theatre. he put together a set. consisting of a twine four and a rhythm subdivision. and composed a particular piece for the event: Interlude in B Flat. His set gave one of the night’s greatest public presentations. and the audience was ebullient about their vocal. Reworking the music of Cole Porter. Richard Rodgers. and Jerome Kern. Shaw made these classically based criterions into swing. He scored his first large success in 1938 with his version of Porter’s Begin the Beguine.
As you can see. the clarinet had to undergo many alterations. has several “spin-offs” . and has a broad classical and jazz history. Several different keys were added over the old ages. Ranging from sopranino to octocontrabass. the clarinet has been a really successful woodwind instrument and has had really successful performing artists.
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& lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. britannica. com/EBchecked/topic/157908/Johann-Christoph-Denner & gt ; . Estrella. Espie. “Types of Clarinets. ” About. com. 10 Apr. 2011. hypertext transfer protocol: //musiced. about. com/od/beginnersguide/a/clarinettypes. htm. web. Gottsegen. Ted. “Benny Goodman. ” Redhotjazz. com. 9 Apr. 2011. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. redhotjazz. com/goodman. hypertext markup language. web. “Johann Christoph Denner. ” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Merriam Webster Inc. Merriam Webster Inetmediate Dictionary. Springfield. Massachusetts. P. 139.