The Crucible Narrative

1 January 2017

During their meeting all the girls are dancing amongst a fire pit that will be used for collecting material items to be presented for voodoo purposes. Tituba ask each girl to throw in their items into the pot, although young Betty, Rev. Parris daughter is hesitate but later abides and throws in a frog or lizard in some sort. Last to present their item was Tituba, which transpire to disclose a live chicken to sacrifice in the voodoo ritual. All of the girls began screaming their desires to bestow certain gentlemen callers, including that of John Proctor for Abigail Williams.

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It can be relevant that experiments in 1692 in occult among these young girls were in fact due to their curiosity about their romantic futures. Reverend Parris abruptly enters the forest and the girls all scuffled about, not to be identified by the local minister including Tituba his black slave. He witnesses girls being naked dancing around a fire as well as the presence of his niece Abigail and daughter Betty. Afraid of being punished, Betty falls to the ground on Abigail crying with dismay, later presuming that she is ill and hoax by spirits.

In extremely religious Puritan New England, frightening or surprising occurrences were often attributed to the devil or his cohorts. As questions arose in the Parris home about the state Betty was ill, it as well arose in the Putnam household with their daughter Ruth Putnam. She too, was one of the young girls seen in the woods that has now fell ill. Rebecca Nurse sits on the bedside of Betty Parris and strokes her head and hands. She says that the child will awaken when she is tired of it. It is then, that individuals are to be accused of witchcraft in Salem and put on trial for these accusations.

Reverend Parris calls a meeting for all the townspeople to attend. Individuals go out to inform the Proctor’s of the meeting and tell them of the accusations being said among the town of witchery. Meeting starts with Rev. Parris saying, “Let us quieting our heart, we are all aware of the spirits of Hell that is amongst us”. Mr. Parris informs them that he has called upon Reverend John Hale to come to Salem, since he is an expert on witchcraft. If Lucifer is among us, he will send it back to Hell, like he did two years ago for Boston. Rebecca disagrees and thinks it would be best that they send Rev.

Hale back home and let Salem handle its own issues. John Proctor gets to the meeting just as Rev. Hale arrives. All the girls leave the towns meeting and go to Betty Parris’s house. Abigail shakes Betty and tells her to awaken and stop this nonsense now. Betty starts yelling for her mother, who actually is dead. Abigail threatens Betty and the other girls and tells them to say they only danced in the woods. Betty tells Abigail that she knew she drank the blood to kill John Proctor’s wife Elizabeth, because she desires for him for herself. She had an affair with John Proctor when she was their servant and was dismissed from her duties by Mrs.

Proctor when she became aware of the adultery of her husband John. [2] In Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible he describes John Proctor as being in his middle thirties in 1692 when he was actually was sixty years old. And he also admits that he had to alter the age of Abigail to the script, because in fact she was eleven years old instead of seventeen as portrayed in the film. [3] In these facts Miller was able to develop the adulterous relationship between Abigail and Proctor. [4] The adultery changes the vigorous of the situation by complicating the emotional and sociological conditions which made the witchcraft possible.

As the townspeople, run to the rescue of Betty’s screaming, Abigail retreats off to meet John Proctor on the outside. He asks her if this was all her doing with these accusations of witchcraft. She says that we only danced in the woods, she just took fright. She asks John Proctor for a soft word and tells him she has something better than hope that she could give him. Abigail’s tells John that she sees how he sweats like a stallion around her. He implies that he rather cut his hand off before he reached for her again and says that we never touched.

But we did, said Abigail, but we did. Abigail tells John Proctor that his wife Elizabeth Proctor blackens her name in the village spreading lies about her. Afterwards another argument starts between John Proctor, Rev. Parris, Giles Corey, and Thomas Putnam. This dispute centers on money and land deeds, and it suggests that deep fault lines run through the Salem community. As the men argue, Reverend Hale arrives and examines Betty, while Proctor departs. Hale quizzes Abigail about the girls’ activities in the forest, grows suspicious of her behavior, and demands to speak to Tituba.

After Parris and Hale interrogate her for a brief time, Tituba confesses to communing with the devil, and she hysterically accuses various townsfolk of consorting with the devil. Suddenly, Abigail joins her, confessing to having seen the devil conspiring and cavorting with other townspeople. Betty joins them in naming witches, and the crowd is thrown into an uproar. A week later, alone in their farmhouse outside of town, John and Elizabeth Proctor discuss the ongoing trials and the escalating number of townsfolk who have been accused of being witches.

Elizabeth urges her husband to denounce Abigail as a fraud; he refuses, and she becomes jealous, accusing him of still harboring feelings for her. Mary Warren, their servant and one in Abigail’s circle, returns from Salem with news that Elizabeth has been accused of witchcraft but the court did not pursue the accusation. Mary is sent up to bed, and John and Elizabeth continue their argument, only to be interrupted by a visit from Reverend Hale. While they discuss matters, Giles Corey and Francis Nurse come to the Proctor home with news that their wives have been arrested.

Officers of the court suddenly arrive and arrest Elizabeth. After they have taken her, Proctor tells Mary that she must go to Salem and expose Abigail and the other girls as being frauds and making up all these accusations just to gain the attention of others. The next day, Proctor brings Mary to court and tells Judge Danforth that she will testify that the girls are lying. Danforth is suspicious of Proctor’s motives and tells Proctor, truthfully, that Elizabeth is pregnant and will be spared for a year. Proctor persists in his charge, convincing Danforth to allow Mary to testify. Mary tells the court that the girls are lying.

When the girls are brought in, they turn the tables by accusing Mary of bewitching them. Furious, Proctor confesses his affair with Abigail and accuses her of being motivated by jealousy of his wife. To test Proctor’s claim, Danforth summons Elizabeth and asks her if Proctor has been unfaithful to her. She lies and says no that he had not being unfaithful. Danforth ask her why she dismissed Abigail from her services, was it that she was lazy? She replies, “She dissatisfied me and my husband”. Abigail stands up in court and faces Mrs. Proctor and says that there was a yellow bird on Ms. Proctor’s shoulder, which represented devils work.

All the girls again pretend that Mary is bewitching them, and Mary breaks down and accuses Proctor of being a witch and goes and hug Abigail, even after all the accusations they pronounced against her. Proctor rages against her and against the court. He is arrested, and Hale quits the proceedings. The witch trials have caused unrest in neighboring towns, and Danforth grows nervous. Abigail has run away, taking 30 pounds of Parris’s money with her, leaving him penniless. Hale, who has lost faith in the court, begs the accused witches to confess falsely in order to save their lives, but they refuse.

Danforth, however, has an idea: he asks Elizabeth to talk John into confessing, and she agrees. Conflicted, but desiring to live, John agrees to confess, and the officers of the court rejoice. But he refuses to incriminate anyone else, and when the court insists that the confession must be made public and posted to the church doors for the entire village to see, Proctor gets angry and says he will not let his good name go down in shame and for all to see, tears it up, and retracts his admission of guilt. Proctor says it is my name, I cannot have another. I’m not worth the dust on the feet on the one’s you have hanged.

Despite Hale’s desperate pleas, Proctor goes to be hanged with Rebecca Nurse and Martha Cory. [5]This defines that dangers of public terror at any age can consist when it overthrows social conventions. Before their hanging, the three started saying the Lord’s Prayer and just before they could say AMEN, each was thrown off to be hanged. The climax of the film was that John Proctor admitted to the adultery with Abigail Williams, but died with holding his innocence and his good name. [6] Giles Corey, an 80-year-old farmer from the southeast end of Salem (called Salem Farms), refused to enter a plea when he came to trial in September.

The judges applied an archaic form of punishment called peine forte et dure, in which stones were piled on his chest until he could no longer breathe. After two days of peine fort et dure, Corey died without entering a plea. [7]His refusal to plead has sometimes been explained as a way of preventing his estate from being confiscated by the Crown, but according to historian Chadwick Hansen, much of Corey’s property had already been seized, and he had made a will in prison: “His death was a protest … gainst the methods of the court”.

This echoes the perspective of a contemporary critic of the trials, Robert Calef, who claimed, “Giles Corey pleaded not guilty to his Indictment, but would not put himself upon Trial by the Jury (they having cleared none upon Trial) and knowing there would be the same Witnesses against him, rather chose to undergo what Death they would put him to. ” 9]There were four execution dates, with one person executed on June 10, 1692, [10]five executed on July 19, 1692 (Sarah Good, Rebecca Nurse, Susannah Martin, Elizabeth Howe & Sarah Wildes), another five executed on August 19, 1692 (Martha Carrier, John Willard, George Burroughs, George Jacobs, Sr. and John Proctor), and eight on September 22, 1692 (Mary Eastey, Martha Corey, Ann Pudeator, Samuel Wardwell, Mary Parker, Alice Parker, Wilmot Redd and Margaret Scott). Several others, including Elizabeth (Bassett) Proctor and Abigail Faulkner, were convicted but given temporary amnesties because they were pregnant.

Five other women were convicted in 1692, but the sentence was never carried out: Ann Foster (who later died in prison), her daughter Mary Lacy Sr. , Abigail Hobbs, Dorcas Hoar and Mary Bradbury. Not even in death were the accused witches allowed peace or respect. As convicted witches, Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey had been excommunicated from their churches and none were given suitable burial. As soon as the bodies of the accused were cut down from the trees, they were thrown into a shallow grave and the crowd disseminated.

Spoken history claims that the families of the dead retrieved their bodies after dark and buried them in unmarked graves on family property. In conclusion, nineteen accused and executed in Salem, Massachusetts during the year 1692 for witchcraft and many more accused people refused to save themselves by giving false confessions.

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