The Downfall Of The Middle Ages Essay

, Research Paper

The Downfall of the Middle Ages

There were many grounds for the ruin for the Middle Ages, but the

most important 1s were the diminution of the feudal system, and the decline of

the Church & # 8217 ; s power over the nation-states. In feudal society, everyone had a

definite topographic point and a definite function, with the power resting in the custodies of the

local Godheads ( alternatively of a cardinal authorities ) . The Godheads, or Lords, lost power

after the Crusades, when the Europeans came into contact with the more advanced

civilisations of the Byzantine Empire and the Muslims. That spurred the growing

of trade, which in bend gave rise to a money system. The money system in bend

caused the birth of a in-between category, which didn & # 8217 ; t tantrum anyplace into the feudal

system. It was made up of the helot and provincials that left the feudal system in

hunt of doing money in trade. For the in-between category, the male monarch granted

Charters, made a unvarying jurisprudence, started banking, offered protection, and expanded

district. In return, the in-between category payed revenue enhancements to the male monarch. While t his

money economic system grew, the feudal Godheads were put into an economic squeezing. As one

may see, that didn & # 8217 ; t leave much of a topographic point for the Lords, who were quickly

losing power. Another thing that contributed to their loss of power was the

enforcement of Common Law, which applied throughout the land.

The effects of the Hundred Years & # 8217 ; War hastened the diminution of the feudal

system. The usage of the longbow and pieces made the feudal methods of contending

obsolete. Monarchs replaced feudal soldiers with national ground forcess made up of

hired soldiers. Finally, menaces to the monarchy decreased as a consequence of the

big figure of Lords killed in the war.

Another major factor that contributed to the terminal of the Middle Ages was

the decline of the Church & # 8217 ; s

power over the nation-states. Conflicts between

the pontificate and the monarchy over political affairs resulted people losing religion

in the Church. Events like the Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism

farther weakened the Church & # 8217 ; s influence over the peole. Aside from that, people

were disgusted at the actions of the corrupt church functionaries. They would

bear down the people money for all church services, and they besides allowed church

places to be bought. The deluxe life style of the clergy further eroded

respect for the church. While some still believed that faith held all the

replies, others were get downing to set faith into ground and scientific discipline. The

uncertainness of the existance of God made people question the Church. Possibly

one of the most critical blows to the Church was the printing of the Bible in the

common linguistic communication. That was a radical act because merely the clergy was

permitted to construe God & # 8217 ; s words in the Bible. Peoples angrily criticized the

Church for that. A spiritual reformist, Jan Hus, led the Czechs who produced

spiritual booklets and transcripts of the Bible in Czech and criticized the

corruptness of the taking Church functionaries. When Hus and his plants were

condemned, public violences broke out across Bohemia. Hus & # 8217 ; thoughts were spread throughout

Europe after his decease, and that left the Church with even more resistances.

These grounds resulted in the inevitable terminal of the Middle Ages, giving

rise to a new age full of new and fantastic things in art and society. Although

the Middle Ages are sometimes labeled as the Dark Ages, there were some truly

of import things accomplished in that clip that have a important consequence on society

today as we know it ; for case, the Magna Carta, which in the Middle Ages

placed clear bounds on royal power, and today, is the footing of our Fundamental law.

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