The Effect of Drug Abuse on Students and Others
The Effect of Drug Abuse on Students and Others Prakash Chandra Roy 1 Abstract Bangladesh with the most populous and poorest countries in the world faces many challenges including drug that has become an issue due to its geographical location, poverty and illiteracy. Although there is no precise figure of the drug dependant people, but is estimated around 4. 0 million people mostly youths are dependant to some form of drugs, and increased trend among all kinds of people is alarming. The present study focuses the relationship between drug abuse and criminal activities.
The statistical method chosen for this study was Descriptive statistics and we analyze in terms Univariate analysis and Bi-variate Analysis. Drug abuse causes various criminal activities as like theft, burglary, robbery, attempt to suicide, hijacking, shoplifting, in many cases murder, or other antisocial criminal activities. Drug abuse affects the whole society, in a border perspective. It also hampers the social development. Societal development will not be possible if we are not able to make the drug free youth society.
The study of The Effect of Drug Abuse on Students and Others will explain the relationship between abusing drugs and getting involved in criminal activities in the students and others of Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, and Tangail. Keywords: Drug, Drug Addiction, Effect of Drug abuse, Drug and Crime 1. Graduate Student (M. S. ), Department of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh Tangail-1902. 1 Introduction and Background
The understanding of the relationship between drug abuse and criminal activities is currently at the heart of criminological research. There is a consistent worry in and by the mass media, communities, parents and the general public at large of the various problems brought about by youth, specially the students who abuse drugs. Drug abuse has been a rising social and economic problem all over the world. The south Asian countries are in front of this crisis. Bangladesh is also facing this problem, a deadly social pathology by affecting rich or poor, young or old, literate or illiterate are affecting by drug.
Drug is mite only a problem for individual but also it creates various social problems in individual life, family, community, society and nation. Drug abuse directly influences the economic and social aspects of a country. In Bangladesh it is a growing national concern. There are millions of drug-addicted people in Bangladesh and most of them are young, between the ages of 18 and 30. And they are from all strata of the society. According to the Department of Narcotics Control in Bangladesh, about 100,000 people are involved in drug trafficking in Bangladesh, with a majority based out of the capital Dhaka.
Out of the 100,000 people, thirty percent are believed to be women and children. A recent epidemiological survey carried out in the three divisions of Bangladesh shows that the country is going to be transformed into a potential user of drugs with the rapid increase in the number of addicts. For the safety of our people and the society from this deadly game, we have to control illicit drug transportation immediately. Drug is a chemical material associated with different physical and psychological effects. It alters a person’s normal bodily process or functions. But this definition is too broad.
In medical sense, a drug is a substance prescribed by a physician or manufactured expressly for the purpose of treating and preventing disease and ailment by its chemical nature and its effect on the structure and function of a living organism. Drug Abuse is the use of illicit drug or misuse of legitimate drug resulting into physical or psychological term. It includes smoking ganja or hashish, taking heroin or cocaine or LSD injection morphine, drinking alcohol, and so forth. It is evident that lack of healthy relationships in family life is one of the possible contributing factors, which indulge young adults to drugs.
It is also true that family cannot always be blamed for addiction problem in a child. It also depends on the personality traits and other socio- economic factors in his Environment. Problems starts when there are weak family ties, broken families, lack of parental care, indifferent family that cannot meet the expectation and achievement and so on. In Bangladesh perspective, the drug addiction is everywhere. It found in upper, middle or in lower class family. Now the students and the youth are the main victim of drug abuse.
They are addicted by own excitement, incorporation with addicted friend. Now it is common problem in Bangladesh as well as university students. Because, they able to collect drugs from the exact spot. In Bangladesh the students commonly use ganja or hashish, taking heroin or cocaine or drinking alcohol, and so forth. This study entitled to the effect of drug abuse on Students and others; An empirical study about drug abuse on Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University campus to find out the causes of drug addiction and the number of addicted person. 2
Objectives of the study The objectives of the study are to determine the effects of drug abuse on the university students and others. The study will discuss in depth inquiry into the factors associate with the drug in a university campus. The main Objectives of the study are listed below:O To know the number of drug addicted students in the study area. O To know the physical and mental effects of drug addiction on student and others. O To identify the main reasons for being addicted. O To know the types of criminal activities those are occurred for drug addiction.
O To identify the person who are mainly associated in drug abuse or business in the study area. O To identify the place where drugs are available. O To find out the ways and alternatives in coming back from addiction to normality. Theoretical Framework of the Study There are numbers of criminological & socio-psychological theories that explain the causation & relation of drug abuse and criminal behavior. As Sutherland’s Differential Association theory will be relates to this study, because “students who intimates to other deviant drug addicted students, simultaneously become drug addicted”.
It is the learning process to do a crime. Under this theory students are become addicted by incorporation with addicted or semi-addicted friends. When someone mixed with his addicted or semi-addicted friend then they compel that person to take drug and though he tries to avoid drug but will not able on account of inspiration to take drug by his friend. Besides this When a student sees that his other friends are taking drug, for the reason of curiosity he may use the drug for the first time. This is occurred only having the association of those friends.
Merton in his “anomie theory” has explained, “if there goals and means are not fixed or not different then there have chance to become deviant or criminal “In this theory when a person does not maintain the goals and means they become frosted and take drugs. ” In that process when a student is felt to fulfill his desired goals he or she becomes frustrated. And frustrated is the door way for being addicted of drug. On the other hand in Subculture theory: Clinard and Meier define “subculture” as a culture within cultures, with a collection of norms, values, and belief whose content is distinguishable from the dominant culture.
Membership in such a group solidifies a deviant identity. It would not be an overgeneralization to say that most, if not all, drug addicts operate in groups. The measurement of subculture has been treated by the Differential Association Theory has built most of its assumptions on subculture (which is one of the integrated theory used in developing the model of this research proposal). Subculture has one dimension peer group. Some of the questions asked which were related to subculture included: Do our friends use drugs? How many of our friends use drugs?
Also, questions centered on whether respondents were pressured by friends to use drugs and to get involved in criminal activities. 3 Social disorganization theory also relates to this study, “Drug addiction in these days, and is a vital social problem”. Under this theory its make social problem and create bound to the lead the irregular life. Having irregular life one may possibly addicted with drug. Socio-Economic variables include: poverty, broken homes, environment, and urbanization. O Poverty: As used in this study poverty is the inability of an individual to maintain his/her personal need, which includes the necessities of life.
Most measures of poverty are primarily concerned with the quality of food, clothing, and shelter deemed necessary for a sound life. When someone fails to fulfill his demand she/he become frustrated and loss his/her self control and became addicted. O Broken Homes: A broken home as used in this study is a household, in which the couples are either separated, living apart or dead. This situation often leads to improper socialization of children and young adults for lack of proper guidelines. So he becomes associated with underage offences. Drug abuse is one of them. O Urbanization: This means the concentration of people in urban areas.
This is the movement of people from rural to urban areas in search for employment. In the absence of such employment these migrants become a burden to the urban centers and quite upon join criminal groups. Then it is easy to addict with drug. 4 Conceptual Framework of the Study Socio-cultural Factors. Personality Factors. Social Disorganization Break-down of social control Broken Family Lack of parental control and affection Lack of academic interest Diffusion of culture Negligence of own culture, norms & values Personal curiosity Acceptance of Western culture Physical deficiency Peer Group Juvenile subculture
Loss of self control Industrialization & urbanization Cultural conflict Failure to maintain & continue the social relationship Economic problem Emotional conflict Normally Abnormally Mental imbalance Frustration Drug abuse 5 Research Questions: To accomplish the above task, the paper attempt to address the following questions: O What is the relationship between drug abuse and criminal activities? O What extent are drug abusers involved in criminal activities? O Why are drug abusers engaged in specific types of criminal activities? O Why are drug abusers involved in criminal activities? O Why are the students involved with drug?
O How drug creates physical and mental harassment for the students? O What is the reason of Drug addiction? O What are the sources of Drug? O What are the possible remedies of this problem? Hypothesis of the Study: O O O O Drug abusers are committing various types of criminal activities. Students are mainly addicted with drug through association: Drug abuser mainly takes drug in night. Easy availability of drug is influencing in drug addiction Methods and Sources of Data This study is a descriptive study indeed and quantative in nature. It is mainly based on data gathered through a sample survey.
To find out the real cause & effect of drug addiction among the students, MBSTU campus is selected as the field of this study. In this research the population is the student’s & others as well as the students who are the victim of Drug addiction of Mawlana Bhashani Science & Technology University (MBSTU) campus. Sample will be selected in purposive sampling. Samples are those who are addicted and who are going to be addicted by Drug addiction or the persons who are mainly associated with drug abuse. In this case Purposive Sampling (nonprobability sampling) method perfect to collect data.
Here we selected 40 respondents. Students filled out questionnaires about their drug use and related attitudes and behavior. Survey method will be used in this research for data collection. Data will be collected from primary source i. e. from the direct contact with the selected respondents. An interview schedule will be obtained both with the some close-ended, open-ended as well as contingency questions from a questionnaire. Then the collected data will be coded carefully for analysis. This processing (included coding) will be done with help of SPSS program through computer.
Cross tabulation will be made in terms of: age, sex, habit of drug taking, monthly income, residence, urban-rural background, kinds of offences & involvement with addiction person. Several levels of statistical analyses are performed in conducting analysis stage. Frequency tables (i. e. frequency distribution, percentage, central tendency) will be made for Univariate analysis. Bivariate (Cross tabulation, Chi-Square Tests) and multivariate analysis are also used for finding out casual relationship. All these analyses will be completed by SPSS program. 6 Results & Findings
Univariate Analysis: Here results are discussed through the following frequency tables and other statistical tools. These statistical tools show the clear picture of my research findings. The findings of my research are given below. 1. Age of respondents 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 20 21 22 23 24 Frequency Percent 25 Mean- 22. 20 Median-22. 00 Mode- 21. 00 Std. Deviation1. 648 Here we see that most of the drug abusers are between the ages of 20 and 25. Age 21 comes more frequently. So we may tell that young and students belonging to these age limit are mainly drug abuser. 2. Sex of respondent Pie-chart Female 33. 3% Male 66. 7% 3.