The Effects of Three Different Discriminatory Practices on Individuals Using Health and Social Care Services
Stereotyping is assumptions made about an individual, which could affect their health care. For example: Men are strong and they do all the work, men are the “backbone” in all relationships. All white Americans are obese, lazy and dim-witted just like the character Homer Simpson. All Irish people are drunk and eat potatoes. This is what most of the society thinks when they see individuals who look like this.
Stereotyping and prejudice are a part of society, but they are dangerous things to do in the health and social care sector, because there are things that health and social care staff can do to reduce the effects and standards of care they give to a patient. For example in domiciliary care, not giving a person as much care and attention as you would give to another patient because they don’t fit into what you think is normal or ordinary. For the victim not getting the right amount of care and attention can have great consequences on their health and their social life.
Not getting attention from others will give the victim a great deal of depression and low self-esteem. They will feel marginalised because they feel they don’t fit in. For the perpetrator they might have restricted opportunities which cause them to stereotype or discriminate against others. The perpetrator might also have feelings of aggression and violence, so the only way to not use passive aggression against the victim would be to treat them worse than others without harming them physically but emotionally and making them have feelings low self-esteem and depression.
For the company/business they might have to take things further and dismiss members of their team, they could even be taken to court if the victim decides to prosecute. The responsibilities and rights of the company/business have to be brought into place and everyone who works in that establishment has to be questioned. Labelling Labelling is when you put someone into a category because of how they look or act. When you label someone, you are putting them into a stereotypical category of people.
For example, if you are blonde you must be “dumb” which would be stereotypical if you are a very intellectual person. In a way this is a form of bullying, especially when you take into consideration that the majority of people that get labelled continuously are the ones who have a mental illness, and making them social community outcasts. In health and social care dealing with people of any race, gender, religion, or disability labelling is a very sensitive subject. Sometimes in order to identify people we need to put them into a class or a stereotype.
In nursing there are disadvantages of labelling a child as “learning disabled”. With this classification, expectations are set up, the people who hear the label assume that the child will behave in a certain way. A teacher, for example might treat a child differently by babying them, or allowing them to get away with inappropriate behaviours. For the victim, being labelled will put them in a bad place because they will feel insecure about themselves and how they are around people. They will feel marginalised because of the way that they are treated from other people just because of who they are.
Because of other people labelling them they will feel disempowered which may lead to putting them into dangerous situations such as health issues or suicide. For the perpetrator labelling is is a way of bullying other people with abusing them physically. They will label the victims into feeling low self-esteem so that they can be happier themselves. They will restrict others from being happy by judging others and not giving out the same opportunities. For the company/business they should hold a meetings for their staff so that they can learn about the dangers of labelling people in the health and social care sector.
If any of their residents members experience labelling by the staff then they should be aloud to take their actions further. Abuse Abuse means making a person or animal do something that they want to do. Abuse refers to many negative behaviours that can have the potential to harm or damage individuals in various ways such as; Verbal abuse: this is when a person uses words and body language to criticise another person inappropriately. Psychological abuse: is also known as mental or emotional abuse, this is when a person controls information that is available to another person to manipulate or distort that person’s sense of reality.
Physical abuse: when a person uses physical pain or a threat of physical force to intimidate and scare another person. Sexual abuse: unwanted sexual contact perpetrated on a victim which could be a child or adult by an abuser. Neglect: a person fails to provide the basic needs like food, water and shelter, that a person is responsible for. Hate crimes: include verbal, physical, emotional or sexual abuse aimed at an individual or a group of people. The abuse varies depending on the characteristics of the people it is aimed at – religion, sexuality or the colour of their skin.
An example of Domestic violence is the panorama programme about eleven workers who were exposed to hitting, slapping and taunting patients by a BBC reporter. Six out of the eleven workers who admitted altogether 38 charges of abuses and neglect against the vulnerable adults with learning disabilities at a private hospital were jailed. The other five were given suspended sentences for their part in cruel and degrading treatments at the private hospital.
Another example of abuse in health and social care would be at a residential home where a carer would be taking advantage of their power and abusing residents when they are a bit hard to handle and make them do things by force. Being abused can make the victim feel alone and marginalised because they can’t talk to anyone about their problem. It can bring their self-esteem down so low that they try to harm themselves and even commit suicide. The victim can also have restricted opportunities because abuse can make them shy away from people so they can’t make new friends or even interact with others.
In some cases the perpetrator has a psychological reason for abusing others. In some cases the abuser has been abused before in the past and in order for them to get rid of the pain they feel, they have to put other people in the same situation with physical aggression aimed at the victim. For the company/business abusing people they could lose business and clients, they could get bad publicity which could cause them to be abused against by the public. References http://smallbusiness. chron. com/effects-cultural-stereotype-workplace-19193. html bbc/panorama the independent newspaper BTEC health and social care level 2