The Effects Of Tv Violence Essay Research

The Effects Of Television Violence Essay, Research Paper

Introduction

I believe that telecasting is traveling to be the trial of the modern universe, and in this new chance to see beyond the scope of our ain vision, we shall detect either a new and intolerable perturbation of the general peace or a salvaging glow in the sky. We shall stand or fall by telecasting, of that I am certain, wrote E.B. White in Harper s magazine in 1938. I believe that White was right. We will either take control of what is broadcast on telecasting, or we will go on to endure the harmful effects of force on Television. I have chosen to compose my paper on the impact that Television and movie force has on people in our society, particularly concentrating on kids. I chose this as my subject because it is something that you ever hear about every bit good as informant foremost manus. When you turn on the Television on Saturday forenoon to watch sketchs, statistics show that on norm you will see at least 20 to 25 Acts of the Apostless of force per hr ( Murray ) . During premier clip you will see about five violent Acts of the Apostless per hr ( Murray ) . I define force as any violent act. This can be every bit minor as one individual hitting another, or every bit serious as slaying. Peoples are invariably stating that there is excessively much force on Television and that it is negatively impacting our childs. This has been proven to be true that Television force does hold a negative impact, but the inquiry is precisely what are the effects. The media has gone so far as to fault offenses, like the shot at Columbine High School on telecasting force. I believe that there is rather a spot of force on Television, and that it does hold an consequence on society in peculiar on kids s behaviour, but I do non believe that Television is to fault for all force.

Questions and Hypothesiss

What are the effects of telecasting and movie force on kids?

+ Children are less likely to collaborate and portion and are more aggressive

+ Children go desensitized to force and are hence more likely to perpetrate violent Acts of the Apostless when they become older

+ Children Don T understand the effects of force and learn to accept force as a manner to work out jobs

+ Children Begin to believe that the universe is a unsafe and chilling topographic point

Bibliography

To research these inquiries, I read or viewed all or portion of the undermentioned plants:

+ Anonymous. Realistic Expectations. Family Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //family2.go.com/features/family_0000_01/dony/FGP_tvgame.html.

+ Coats, E.J. & A ; Feldman, R.S. Impact of Television on Nonverbal Behavior. Erik J. Coats

Web Page. hypertext transfer protocol: //vassun.vassar.edu/ ercoats/ .

+ Dill, Karen E. PhD. Violent Video Games can Increase Aggression. American

Psychological Association Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.apa.org/releases/videogames.html.

+ Does TV Kill? PBS Television, 10 Jan 1995.

+ Ledingham, Jane, Dr. The Effects of Media Violence on Children. National

Clearinghouse on Family Violence Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.media-awareness.ca/eng/med/home/resource/famvlnc.htm.

+ Murray, John P. PhD. Children and Television Violence. Kansas State

University Web Page. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ksu.edu/humec/kulaw.htm.

+ Murray, John P. PhD. Impact of Televised Violence. Kansa State University

Web Page. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ksu.edu/humec/impact.htm.

+ Phillips, David P. Dr. Television Violence and the Negative Impact on

Children. Superheroes and Violence Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www2.edu craft/f99_web/martin/Lisa % 20Audience.htm.

+ Roberts, Bill. Mirror or Map? The Impact of Television on Peace and

Development. The Television Ontario Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tvo.org/naba/news/mirror23_08_99.html.

+ To What Effect? PBS Television, 8 Feb 1996.

Review of Research

Hypothesis: Children are less likely to collaborate and portion and are more aggressive

When looking at this hypothesis, I read an article on the Internet called Children and Television Violence by John P. Murray, a professor and the Director of the School of Family Studies and Human Services at Kansas State University. In this article it talked about a survey that was conducted with kids enrolled in a particular nursery school at Pennsylvania State University. The kids were broken up into three groups, and each group was assigned a specific type of telecasting plan to watch. One group was assigned to watch Batman and Superman sketchs, another was assigned to watch Mister Rogers Neighborhood, and the 3rd group was assigned to watch shows that were neither violent nor prosocial. Each group watched 12 half hr shows of the show that they had been assigned. The research workers observed that the kids that had viewed the batman sketchs were much more active, and were more disposed to acquire into battles with each other. They besides did non collaborate and portion with the other kids every bit good as the kids that had watched Mister Rogers. The kids that watched Mister Rogers Neighborhood non merely cooperated more, but they were more cognizant of others demands and even offered to assist the instructor on juncture. The kids that viewed the neither violent nor prosocial shows were non more aggressive or helpful. I thought this survey was interesting because it truly showed how merely one telecasting show could do such a difference in a kid s behaviour and whether or non they cooperated and shared with others.

In add-on to reading Children and Television Violence I besides read Impact of Televised Violence by the same writer. In this article they talked about an experiment conducted where they interviewed male childs and misss ages 9 to 13. They gave them a scenario where they were siting their motorcycle, and another individual came up and pushed them off their motorcycle. They asked them how they would respond giving them options from seeking to cut down struggle to shouting or hitting the other kid. Researchers found that 45 per centum of the heavy force telecasting viewing audiences chose aggressive responses. While merely 21 per centum of light force viewing audiences chose the same response. The experiment once more suggests that sing telecasting force can take to less concerted and aggressive behaviour.

Hypothesis: Children go desensitized to force and are hence more likely to perpetrate violent Acts of the Apostless when they become older

When looking into this hypothesis I came across the transcripts from a PBS interview, which aired on February 8, 1996 with Dale Kunkel of the University of California Santa Barbara and Winston Cox of the National Cable Television Association. The simple fact that force is frequently portrayed with out effects worries them. When force is shown, it seldom describes or includes any word pictures of long-run negative effects, stated Dale Kunkel. Another concern is that oftentimes the victims of the force do non picture hurting or injury and do non show that force injuries. In 47 per centum of all violent Acts of the Apostless shown the victims do non go harmed in any manner, and in 73 per centum of violent scenes the culprits suffer no effects ( Kunkel ) . When all of these things are blended together it gives kids a wholly false construct of force and what it is. It becomes

a portion of their mundane modus operandi and they don t even realize what they are sing. Ultimately kids are going desensitized to force.

Another survey that I read about in John Murray s Children and Television Violence showed that early violent Television sing wonts had a permanent behavioural consequence. In the survey, where kids were followed from age eight into maturity showed that violent telecasting non merely desensitizes people to violence, but it besides has permanent effects on violent activity into maturity. In 1963 Leonard Eron began a survey on the aggression of eight twelvemonth olds and their Television sing wonts. He established which kids were more aggressive and which were more inactive, and so checked up on them ten old ages subsequently when they were 18. He found that there was still a relationship between early Television sing wonts and aggression. Most interestingly though was when Eron followed up on them as grownups at the age of 30. He found that there was a relationship between early screening and apprehension and strong belief for offenses such as partner maltreatment, kid maltreatment, slaying and aggravated assault. Both of these beginnings of information suggest that telecasting force contributes to desensitisation to force and long-run effects that make them more prone to perpetrate offenses when they become older.

Hypothesis: Children don t understand the effects of force and learn to accept force as a manner to work out jobs

This hypothesis overlaps in some ways with some of my old hypotheses. In the survey that I spoke of earlier from Impact of Televised Violence where male childs and misss were interviewed about what they would make if they were pushed off their motorcycle relates to this hypothesis. Most of the kids that watched violent telecasting answered that they would react with force. This shows that kids who watch violent Television accept force as a manner to cover with their struggles and jobs.

Another papers that I found on the Internet titled The Effects of Media Violence on Children by Dr. Jane Ledingham stated that kids between the ages of six and 10s are non able to separate between what is existent and what is bogus. Children in this age group believe that most of what they see on Television is true to life. This poses a job because they see people on Television that can utilize force and endure no effects ; therefore they think that it is acceptable for them to utilize force excessively. Overall kids normally don t understand that there are effects and people get hurt when force is used because oftentimes the effects are merely non shown on Television.

Hypothesis: Children get down to believe that the universe is a unsafe and chilling topographic point

In about all of the paperss that I read, it was mentioned that a batch of kids become afraid of the universe because of all the upseting things that they see on Television. As I said before kids under the age of 10 don T understand what is true to life and they don Ts have any experience to measure what they are sing. In the article kids and Television Violence by John Murray, he talked about a survey that was conducted by George Gerber. In the survey research workers asked kids inquiries about their perceptual experience of hazard in the universe. Examples of the inquiries asked were: How probably is it that you are traveling to be the victim of a violent offense in the following six months? How far from your place would you be willing to walk entirely at dark? Researchers found that they were able to foretell the fright of the kid based on the sum of violent Television they watched. Children that viewed four hours or more each twenty-four hours were much more afraid of the universe around them than kids that viewed an hr or less.

Theory

After carry oning my research, I have formed the following theory:

Violence on telecasting does hold an consequence on kids s alterations in attitudes and behaviour. In peculiar there are three chief effects. The first is increased fright and the belief that the universe is every bit unsafe as it appears on Television. The 2nd chief consequence is desensitisation and the credence of force as normal. The last chief consequence is aggressive behaviour and willingness to utilize force. Although through my research the effects are obvious, it is non just to wholly fault riotous kids on telecasting. Many other things could lend to these three chief effects. Oftentimes hapless rearing accomplishments along with other things are at mistake for excessively aggressive behaviour. Even though Television is non wholly to fault, there is no denying that telecasting has a immense impact on kids and our society as a whole.

Deductions

Assuming that my theory is true, it is now necessary to work on conveying about alteration. Some countries that we can alter are at place, at school, and in the telecasting industry. At place it is necessary for parents to understand the effects that telecasting is holding on their kids. If parents were to see with their childs and speak to them about what the see and seek to explicate to them about what is true to life and what International Relations and Security Network T telecasting could be a constructive acquisition tool. The job is that most parents will hook their childs up to the Television so that they can acquire things done around the house. At school it would be effectual if kids were taught how Television plants and the procedure of effects. At the industry level The Children s Television Act in 1990 set limitations on the sum of advertisement in programming for kids ( Murray ) . In add-on when a station applies for licence reclamation they need to explicate how they have helped to advance kids s instruction in their scheduling. Slowly alterations have taken consequence and will go on to into the hereafter. Most significantly, parents need to take an active function in their kids s lives and many struggles could be avoided.

Surprises

I was shocked by some of the findings of the surveies conducted about how telecasting affected people, non merely kids. In an probe about grownups and the effects of the portraiture of self-destructions in soap operas showed that over a six-year period whenever a major soap opera character committed self-destruction at that place was a important addition in the figure of female self-destructions within three yearss after across the state ( Murray ) . This surprised me because grownups are supposed to be stable and non that waxy. I merely can non grok why something like that would force one over the border. I was besides surprised by other statistics like the sum of violent Acts of the Apostless per hr. It amazes me that there are 20 to 25 violent Acts of the Apostless per hr during Saturday forenoon sketchs ( Murray ) . Overall I was shocked to see precisely how much something so unimportant like telecasting is able to take over people s lives and have such a immense consequence on them.

Plants Cited

+ Ledingham, Jane, Dr. The Effects of Media Violence on Children. National

Clearinghouse on Family Violence Web Page.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.media-awareness.ca/eng/med/home/resource/famvlnc.htm.

+ Murray, John P. PhD. Children and Television Violence. Kansas State

University Web Page. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ksu.edu/humec/kulaw.htm.

+ Murray, John P. PhD. Impact of Televised Violence. Kansa State University

Web Page. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ksu.edu/humec/impact.htm.

+ To What Effect? PBS Television, 8 Feb 1996.

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