The European Renaissance Essay Research Paper The

The European Renaissance Essay, Research Paper

The European Renaissance

The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered

by modern bookmans as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramatic

alterations happened during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a

period of new innovations and beliefs.

The Renaissance was drastically different from the Middle

Ages. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power and

it & # 8217 ; s economic system was agriculturally based. Exploration and acquisition

was about put to a halt. During the Renaissance society was

transformed into a society progressively dominated by cardinal political

establishments with an urban commercial attitude. Besides, people & # 8217 ; s

wonder overcame their fright and many people started to venture out

and research. New schools and colleges became more and more common.

The Renaissance was started by many rich Italian metropoliss, such

as Florence, Ferrara, Milan, and Venice. Because these metropoliss were

really affluent, many merchandisers started to pass money on different

things, such as picture, larning, new banking techniques, and new

systems of authorities. These things gave rise to a new type of

bookman, the humanist. Humanism was topics concerned with world

and civilization. They studied assorted things such as Latin, Greek

linguistic communication, literature and doctrine. Music and mathematics were besides

studied as good.

The Renaissance gave manner to new signifiers of picture, art and

sculpture. During the Renaissance, creative person were no longer regarded as

mere craftsmans, as they had been to the medieval yesteryear, but for the

first clip emerged as independent personalities, compared to poets and

authors. Many craftsmans merged mathematics with art, in order to

go more precise in their measurings and to do certain an object

was supported both rationally and proportionately. As a consequence

painters tried and frequently succeeded into doing their picture a window

into the universe. Artists besides studied the manner light hits objects and

the manner our eyes perceive visible radiation. A new sort of pigment called oil pigment

was used. This allowed the creative person to make texture, mix colourss, and

let more clip for corrections before it dried.

The printing imperativeness was likely the most of import progress in

engineering. Europeans foremost used movable metal type to publish a book.

On little pieces of metal they engraved individual letters of the

alphabet. These could so be arranged and rearranged to organize words

and sentences. Johan Gutenberg is normally given chromium

edit for the first

book printed, a transcript of the Bible. By the 1500 & # 8217 ; s printing imperativenesss

where reasonably good spread. The printing imperativeness had many effects on the

universe. First of wholly, it made books much easier to come by, which made

them cheaper. That meant common people could afford them. As a consequence

literacy became more widespread, in contrast to the Middle Ages where

normally monastics and church functionaries were the lone able to read.

Second, since many more people were able to read, they wanted to read

topics other than spiritual or scientific work. So books on other

topics were published every bit good. Besides many books were published in

languages other than Latin, such as English, Portuguese, Spanish,

Gallic, and Italian. A 3rd consequence was that bookmans had better

entree to one anothers work. They could besides read the great plants of

the antediluvian and medieval periods.

The Renaissance besides had an consequence on the general society.

Many people became interested in political relations. Besides, people became

interested in the universe outside of their towns. Many became

adventurers, merchandisers, and map shapers. Religion particularly changed

during the Renaissance. In the Middle ages people were chiefly

concerned with functioning the church and acquiring to heaven. But

the addition in humanistic disciplines and instruction gave people something to look

frontward to, and a life worth life. So in bend, people based their

lives around assorted other things alternatively of the church. Because of

the addition in literacy people learned that the Catholic Church merely

told the thickly settled what they wanted them to hear. This caused many

people to interrupt away from the church and signifier Protestant faiths.

The Renaissance produced many great heads. Leonardo district attorney Vinci

was one of these. Although he was non regarded as a mastermind in his

clip. He had legion plants of art such as the Mona Lisa and

The Last Supper. He besides is now regarded as a great discoverer. He is

credited for coming up with the thought of the chopper. He dissected

cadavers to larn more about human anatomy. Another great adult male was a

German monastic, Martin Luther. He taught Biblical surveies at the

University of Wittenberg. Luther & # 8217 ; s beliefs challenged the church

although many people agreed with his thoughts. He was finally

excommunicated from the church and he started Protestantism.

In decision, the Renaissance was a clip of new waking up in

Europe. It include the general loss of power by the church, an

addition in literacy and instruction, and an geographic expedition period.

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