The Five-Factor Model of Personality

4 April 2015
This paper looks at the different components that make up the five-factor model that is used by many psychologists in the determination of a person’s self-esteem.

This paper is an extensive analysis of the five-factor model of personality theory. Using different sources, it relates these five factors to an individual’s sense of self-esteem. The model’s main goal is to identify which personality constructs shape self-esteem on both the individual and the global levels. The author suggests that extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability, agreeableness, and openness to experience are associated with high (as opposed to low) self-esteem. The paper then offers a ten-item personality test that can be used as a means with which to measure self-esteem in terms of the five factor model.
Self-esteem is widely viewed by personality theorists as a multidimensional construct of an individual’s universal emotional orientation toward the self (Farmer, Jarvis, Berent, & Corbett, 2001; Robbins, Tracy, Trzesniewski, Potter, & Gosling, 2001). Self-esteem can be predicted in research settings by evaluating how much importance an individual places on self-evaluations (Farmer, et al., 2001). Based on such predictions of an individual’s self-esteem, researchers can then use the five-factor model of personality (FFM) as a framework for organizing the central paradigms involved in global self-esteem (Robbins, et al., 2001). The FFM has been very useful in determining which of the five personality correlates extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability, agreeableness, and openness to experience/*are associated with high versus low self-esteem.
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