The Glory That Was Greece Essay Research

The Glory That Was Greece Essay, Research Paper

The instruction of the Greeks exhibits a progressive development. & # 8230 ;

The ideal of Athenian instruction was the wholly developed adult male. Beauty

of head and organic structure, the cultivation of every inborn module and energy,

harmoniousness between idea and life, decorousness, moderation, and regularity & # 8211 ;

such were the consequences aimed at in the place and in the school, in societal

intercourse, and in civic dealingss. & # 8216 ; We are lovers of the beautiful, & # 8217 ; said

Pericles, & # 8216 ; yet simple in our gustatory sensations, & # 8217 ; and we cultivate the head without loss

of manfulness & # 8217 ; ( Thucydides, II, 40 ) . & # 8230 ;

& # 8220 ; The Greeks so laid emphasis on bravery, moderation, and obeisance

to jurisprudence ; and if their theoretical disquisitions & # 8212 ; [ or those of the Christians,

for that affair ] & # 8212 ; could be taken as just histories of their existent pattern, it

would be hard to happen, among the merchandises of human thought, a more

exalted ideal. The indispensable failing of their moral instruction was the failure

to supply any equal countenance & # 8212 ; [ e.g. , the fright of Hell and damnation ] & # 8211 ;

for the rules they formulated and the advocates they gave their young person.

& # 8230 ; The pattern of faith, whether in public services or in family

worship, exercised but small influence upon the formation of character.

& # 8230 ; As to the future life, the Greeks believed in the immortality of the psyche ;

but this belief had small or no practical significance [ as to them, virtuousness

was its ain wages ] . & # 8230 ;

& # 8220 ; Thus the motivation for virtuous action was found, non in regard for

Divine jurisprudence nor in the hope of ageless wages, but merely in the desire to

pique in due proportion the elements of human nature. Virtue is non

self-control for the interest of responsibility, but, as Plato says, & # 8216 ; a sort of wellness and

good wont of the psyche, & # 8217 ; while frailty is & # 8216 ; a disease and malformation and illness

of it. & # 8217 ; The merely adult male & # 8216 ; will so modulate his ain character as to be on good

footings with himself, and to put those three rules ( ground, passion, and

desire ) in melody together, as if they were verily three chords of a harmoniousness, a

higher, a lower, and a center, and whatever may lie between these ; and

after he has bound all three together and reduced the many elements of

his nature to a existent integrity as a temperate and punctually consonant adult male, he will

so at length proceed to make whatever he has to make & # 8217 ; ( Republic, IV, 443 ) .

This construct of virtuousness as a self-balancing was closely bound up with

that thought of personal worth which has already been mentioned as the

cardinal component in Grecian life and instruction. & # 8230 ; The purpose of instruction,

hence, is to develop cognition of the GOOD. & # 8221 ; ( CE. V, 296-7. )

Salvaging their depraved privation of regard for & # 8220 ; Divine jurisprudence & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ;

( proclaimed by priests ) , and their woebegone disregard to supply & # 8220 ; adequate

countenance & # 8221 ; of & # 8220 ; payoff of Heaven and menace of Hell & # 8221 ; ( priest-devised ) ,

for incentive to their Nature-harmonized character, the godless

Greeks did reasonably good in & # 8220 ; developing the cognition of the good & # 8221 ; and

achieving the most & # 8220 ; exalted ideal & # 8221 ; & # 8212 ; outside of Jewish-Christian

disclosure & # 8212 ; to be found among world, of personal and civic virtuousness,

due entirely to their high & # 8220 ; thought of personal worth, & # 8221 ; instead than to the

revealed construct of humanity pre-damned, & # 8220 ; conceived in wickedness and born

in wickedness, & # 8221 ; creeping through this Vale of Tears as & # 8220 ; Vile worms of the

dust, & # 8221 ; of Christian self-confession. But so, God in his cryptic

Wisdom had withheld his cherished disclosure of Entire Depravity from

the Greeks, & # 8212 ; cognizing, likely, that they did non necessitate it, and had

bestowed it merely on the vague folk of barbaric polygamous

Israelitess, who eminently fitted the disclosure. So it was non the Greeks & # 8217 ;

mistake that they were no worse away, without the disclosure, than were the

Hebrews with it. We will come to the Christians anon.

Though, therefore, the & # 8220 ; Sun of Righteousness & # 8221 ; did non light the

revelationless skies of Grecian Culture, the most splendrous stars of

mind and psyche which of all time & # 8212 ; ( before the Star of Bethlehem arose ) & # 8211 ;

shone down the view of Time, blazed in its zenith. The name of every

star in that Pagan Greek galaxy is known to every intelligent individual

throughout Christendom today ; the visible radiation from these or those of them

illuminates every page and every stage of Art, Literature and Science

known today to the incomputable glorification of adult male and blessing of humanity.

The living source of some, the unexcelled flawlessness of others, is the

merchandise of the mind and the psyche of the hapless Pagan Greeks who

had no Divine Revelation and were bereft of the priceless & # 8220 ; benefit of

Clergy & # 8221 ; as a teaching establishment.

Let us stare for a minute as through the telescope of Time and scan

the superb leading lights of the celestial spheres of Pagan Greek mastermind,

bright so by the Light of the Cross. Get downing with those who were

about modern-day in their visual aspect with post-exilic Hebrew

disclosure, say about 600 B.C. , we will call merely those immortally

known to every high school pupil, jumping among the galaxies down

to the clip, approximately 400 A.D. , when they were for a thousand old ages

eclipsed by the Light of the Cross polishing in the & # 8220 ; Dark Ages & # 8221 ; of

Christian Faith.

The Pagan Greeks, unfamiliar with the Hebrew disclosure of the

Divine Right of Kings & # 8212 ; ( anointed by priests ) & # 8212 ; to govern world,

invented Democracy, the right of the people to govern themselves, & # 8211 ;

a unorthodoxy recognized in the Declaration as a axiomatic proposition, that

all merely powers of authorities are derived from the consent of the

governed. Newss about Moses and his Divine Torahs non holding penetrated

into Pagan Greece, a strategy of strictly human codifications for human behavior

was devised by the pagan Lawgivers, Draco, Solon, Lycurgus. The

revealed Mosaic History of the Hebrews non being available as a

theoretical account, the hapless Pagan Greeks had to do displacement with Herodotus,

& # 8220 ; Father of History, & # 8221 ; Thucydides, Xenophon, Strabo, Plutarch, Pausanius,

Polybius, Claudius Ptolemy, Dion Cassius. The God-drafted programs

of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness and of Solomon & # 8217 ; s Temple non

being at manus to copy, uninspired Greeks planned and built the

Parthenon, the Erechtheum, the Prophyl a, the Temple of Diana of

Ephesus, the Temple of Apollo at Corinth, the Serapion and the

Museum, & # 8220 ; Home of all the Muses, & # 8221 ; at Alexandria. The acme of

human art in sculpture was reached in Pagan Greece, the Apollo

Belvidere, the Venus de Milo, the Winged Victory, the Laocoon, the

friezes of the Parthenon ; masterful Masterss of the & # 8220 ; Old Masters & # 8221 ;

were the Pagans Phidias, Praxiteles, Callimachus, Scopas, Polyclitus,

with the chisel ; Apelles, Zeuxis, Polygnotus, Parrhasius, Pausias, with

the coppice. Statesmen and military leaders unknown to Hebrew History,

yet whose names are immortal, led the Pagan Greeks to greatness

and glorification: Themistocles, Pericles, Aristides the Just, Lycurgus,

Miltiades, Leonidas, Alexander the Great, who conquered the

God-led Jews. Poor pagan speechmakers, who ne’er heard Jehovah speak

from Sinai, nor the Christ on the Mount, & # 8212 ; their supreme fluency has

echoed down the ages: Demosthenes, Democrates, +schines, Lysias,

Isocrates.

Literature and the Theatre were born in Pagan Greece ; the

& # 8220 ; Classics & # 8221 ; of Pagan thought and dramatic stateliness came from the

heads and pens of uninspired pagan who knew no line of the divine

& # 8220 ; Law and Prophets & # 8221 ; of the Hebrews, made semi-intelligible and

heavy merely by the really free intervention of skilled transcribers into

Elizabethan English ; they are the immortal and inimitable criterions

of literary signifier, manner, civilization, in every university, high school, wendy house,

and cultured place in Christendom today. For poesy: Homer,

Hesiod, Pindar, Anacreon, Theocritus, the combustion Sappho ; for

play: +schylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, besides the

historiographers and speechmakers named, the delicious old +sop, the philosophers

and bookmans yet to name. The play, calamity, comedy, the chorus,

melodrama ; the heroic poem, the ode, the words, the lament, poetic signifier

and step, the really words for all these things, pure Pagan Greek.

Philosophy & # 8212 ; the love of Wisdom & # 8212 ; the highest range of the uninspired

human mind into the enigmas, non of religion and godliness, but of

head and psyche, in hunt of the first rules of being, & # 8212 ; the & # 8220 ; ousia of

the on, & # 8221 ; and for the Supreme Good, the noblest regulations of human behavior

and felicity: Thales, Anaximander, Anaxagoras, Empedocles,

Heraclitus, Xenophanes, Leucippus, Democritus, Protagoras, Socrates,

Plato of the Academy, Aristotle of the Lyceum, Epicurus, Pythagoras,

Zeno the Stoic, Antisthenes the Cynic, whose exalted moral systems

have exalted world of all time since, and whose words and plants

hold dominated civilisation and made their names immortal, though

none of them knew of Moses, the Christ, or the Apostles, & # 8212 ; although

Heraclitus invented the & # 8220 ; Logos & # 8221 ; which St. John worked up into the

originative & # 8220 ; Word of God & # 8221 ; for Christian ingestion.

Science, supremest servant of civilisation, the true & # 8220 ; God of this

universe, & # 8221 ; its glorious morning was in Pagan Greece, unshackled by Genesis

and Divine Mosaic disclosure. Here Grecian idea, undiscouraged by

priestly prohibition and unafrighted by Roman Inquisition, sought to penetrate

the secrets of Creation and of Nature, to explicate the Riddle of the

Universe, to do the forces of Nature the obedient servitors of Man.

Astronomy was born with Thales [ 640-546 B.C. ] , the first of the

Seven Sages of Greece. Utterly ignorant of the Divine handicraft of

the Six Days, and of cosmopolitan creative activity out of cosmopolitan Nothing, and

non holding travelled adequate to verify the four corners of the level Earth,

guarded by the Four Angels of the Corners, defenders of the Four Winds,

he sought for the First Principle, the arche & # 8217 ; , of Creation, imputing

all affair to alterations in atoms ; non cognizing the disclosure that

the Sun was set in a solid & # 8220 ; celestial sphere & # 8221 ; arched over the level Earth,

and somehow trundled across it daily to light Adam and his offspring,

and had been stopped still for Joshua and turned rearward 10 grades

for Hezekiah, but visualizing that it was governed by fixed natural jurisprudence,

by unaided power of head he calculated and predicted the occultation of

565 B.C. , and discovered the Solstices and Equinoxes ; he calculated so

about the solar revolutions, that he corrected the calendar and divided

the twelvemonth into 365 yearss, which it still has ; he taught the Egyptians to

step the tallness of the Pyramids by triangulation from the shadow

of a rod he set up near them, and invented several of the theorems

adopted by Euclid. Anaximander ( 610-546 B.C. ) , like his maestro

ignorant of Mosaic uranology, discovered and taught the asynclitism of

the ecliptic, due to the fickle behaviour of the equator of the Earth in

singing round the Sun ; he approximated the sizes and distances of

the planets & # 8212 ; non all set on the same solid plane ; he discovered the

stages of the Moon, and constructed the first astronomical Earth ; he

was the first to fling unwritten instruction, and commit the rules of

natural scientific discipline to authorship.

Pythagoras of Samos ( c. 584 B.C. ) , was a cosmopolitan mastermind ; he

coined the word & # 8220 ; philosopher, & # 8221 ; harmonizing to Cicero ; made finds

in music, which he conceived as a scientific discipline based on mathematical

rules, and fancied the & # 8220 ; music of the spheres. & # 8221 ; As he hadn & # 8217 ; t read

Genesis, he rebelliously ( through such ignorance ) proclaimed that the

Earth was a Earth go arounding around the Sun or cardinal fire, and had

inhabitable Antipodes, & # 8212 ; pagan impressions which got several Christian

gentlemen into more or less problem some 2000 old ages subsequently when they

revived the thought. He speculated on occultations as natural phenomena

instead than particular dispensations of Providence ; he disputed Moses on

Geology by claiming that the earth-surface hadn & # 8217 ; t ever been merely so,

but that the sea had one time been land, the land sea ; that islands had one time

formed parts of continents ; that mountains were everlastingly being washed

down by rivers and new mountains therefore formed ; that vents were

mercantile establishments for subterraneous fires, instead than public entrywaies into Hell ;

that fossils were the inhumed remains of antediluvian workss and animate beings

turned into rock, instead than theological cogent evidence of Noah & # 8217 ; s Flood

embedded for confutation of Infidels in the Rock of Faith.

Democritus ( e. 460 B.C. ) , the & # 8220 ; Laughing Philosopher, & # 8221 ; the most

learned mind of his twenty-four hours and renowned for all the moral virtuousnesss ; he

wrote some 72 books on natural philosophies, mathematics, moralss, grammar ;

wholly unconditioned in Bible scientific discipline, he scouted the thought of Design in

Nature, declaring it lapped in cosmopolitan jurisprudence ; he upheld belief in secondary

or physical causes, but non in a primary immaterial First Cause,

declaring that by natural jurisprudence could all the phenomena of the existence

be accounted for ; that there was no demand of, no room for, supernatural

intervention or Divine Providence. He left [ an ] immortal grade on

the universe of cognition by his detailed theory of atoms, or

components of affair excessively little to be cut or divided ; boldly and logically

he applied this theory to the Gods themselves, keeping that they were

mere sums of stuff atoms & # 8212 ; ( apparently verified by the fact

of eating the organic structure of divinity in wafers ) & # 8212 ; merely mightier and more

powerful than work forces, & # 8212 ; and apparently, to walk an

vitamin D talk, hatred and putting to death,

there must be something material about them. Modern chemical science, the

most cosmopolitan and utile of the scientific disciplines, is founded on alterations

of the atomic theory of Democritus.

Hippocrates ( c. 460 & # 8211 ; c. 377 B.C. ) is known as the & # 8220 ; Father of Medicine. & # 8221 ;

He was the first doctor to distinguish diseases, and to impute

them to different causes, on the footing of accurate observation and

common sense. His great maxim was: & # 8220 ; To cognize is one thing ; simply to

believe one knows is another. To cognize is scientific discipline, but simply to believe

one knows is ignorance. & # 8221 ; In his yearss all illness and complaints were

considered as inflicted straight by the Gods ; the ulterior disclosure that it

was all due to annoy in the interior plants of adult male was non so known.

But the consequence was the same: all hardening was the monopoly of the priests,

the friends and favourites of the Gods and owners of all godly lore.

As the lone doctors, the priests had great grosss and a all right

support from the offerings made by patients who flocked for alleviation

to the temples of +sculapius, which filled the ancient universe. Hippocrates

sought to divide medical specialty from faith, therefore incurring the

deadly onslaughts of the priests and pious quacks. Never holding

heard of & # 8220 ; fig foliage cataplasms, & # 8221 ; or spittle to throw out Satans, & # 8220 ; He laid down

certain rules of scientific discipline upon which modern medical specialty is built:

There is no authorization except facts ; 2. Facts are obtained by

accurate observation ; 3. Tax write-offs are to be made merely from facts. & # 8221 ;

Not cognizing the Christian art of projecting out Satans, the pagan

& # 8220 ; Hippocrates introduced a new system of intervention ; he began by

doing a careful survey of the patient & # 8217 ; s organic structure, and holding diagnosed

the ailment, set about bring arounding it by giving waies to the sick person as

to his diet and the modus operandi of his day-to-day life, go forthing Nature mostly to

heal herself. & # 8221 ; As about 90 per centum of all ailments are such as would

heal themselves if allow entirely, or if treated with simple hygienic agencies,

and many remedies are greatly aided by & # 8220 ; faith & # 8221 ; even in Pagan Gods, the

component of the marvelous is greatly discounted in the successes of the

priests of +sculapius, and perchance in those of Loreto and Lourdes.

He had no existent replacement until Vesalius, the first existent sawbones ; the

Inquisition about got him because his anatomical researches disclosed

that adult male had the same figure of ribs as adult female, non one less to

represent that taken for Eve ; and he disproved the Church & # 8217 ; s sacred

scientific discipline of the & # 8220 ; Resurrection Bone. & # 8221 ;

Aristotle ( 384-322 three. c. ) the Stagarite, friend and coach of

Alexander the Great, besides being one of the greatest philosophers, was

the first adult male of scientific discipline of his twenty-four hours, and in his encyclopedic plants

laid the foundation of Natural scientific discipline or natural philosophies, Natural History,

weather forecasting or the phenomena of the celestial spheres, carnal anatomy, to all

which he applied the procedures of closest research and experiment and

the rules of inductive logical thinking. By ground of the restrictions of

his procedure, and over-dogmatism instead than experiment in some lines,

he made many funny errors, which ham-strung the human head

for ages. One was the averment that two objects of different weight,

dropped from the same tallness to the Earth, would strike the Earth at

different intervals of clip, the heavier foremost ; when Galileo denied this

theory and offered to confute it by experiment, the pious Christians

of Pisa scouted and scorned him ; when he ascended the Leaning Tower

and dropped two Fe balls, one of one lb weight, the other of one

hundred, and both struck the land at the same blink of an eye, they refused

to accept the presentation, and drove him out of the metropolis ; so strong

was the clasp of even the mistakes of Pagan Aristotle on Christian credulity.

Aristotle had non read the cosmic disclosures of Moses, and was

ignorant of the true history of Creation as revealed through him. He

discovered sea shells and the dodo remains of Marine animate beings on the

tops of the mountains of Greece, and embedded far down from the

surface in the sides of the mountain gorges ; he noted that the stones lay

in great beds or strata one above another, with different sorts of

dodos in the several strata. In his Pagan imaginativeness Aristotle

commented on this: that if sea-shells were on the tops of mountains far

from the sea, why, to acquire at that place the tops of the mountains must one time hold

been in the underside of the sea, the stones formed under the sea, and

the shells and other animate being remains embedded in them must one time hold

lived and died in the sea and there have been deposited in the clay of

the underside before it hardened into stone. If Aristotle had climbed Pike & # 8217 ; s

Extremum, he would hold found great beds of ocean coral in the stones at that place ;

sea shell-fish and sponges & # 8212 ; ( which Aristotle himself foremost discovered

to be animate beings ) & # 8212 ; in the bouldery walls of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado.

Theophrastus ( c. 373-287 B.C. ) , disciple and replacement of Aristotle

as caput of the Peripatetic School of doctrine ; his head fame

was as the first of the phytologists, on which survey he left some 16

books ; for 1800 old ages after his decease the scientific discipline lay dormant ; non a

individual new find in that topic was made until after the stopping point of

the millenary of the Christian Ages of Faith.

Aristarchus ( c. 220-143 B.C. ) was a famed uranologist of the

new school at Alexandria. From his predecessors he knew that the

Earth revolved around the Sun, and how the plane of the ecliptic was

designed ; he calculated the disposition of Earth & # 8217 ; s axis to the pole as the

angle of 23 1/2 grades, and therefore verified the asynclitism of the ecliptic,

and explained the sequence of the seasons. Aristarchus had non read

Moses on the solid celestial sphere and level Earth ; he clearly maintained that

twenty-four hours and dark were due to the spinning of the Earth on its ain axis

every 24 hours ; his lone extant work is & # 8220 ; On the Sizes and

Distances of the Sun and Moon, & # 8221 ; wherein by strict and elegant

geometry and logical thinking he reached consequences inaccurate merely because of

the imperfect province of cognition in his clip. By keen computations

he added 1/1623 of a twenty-four hours to Callipsus & # 8217 ; estimation of 365 1/2 yearss for the

length of the solar twelvemonth ; and is said to hold invented a hemispherical

sundial.

Hipparchus ( c. 150 B.C. ) made the first catalogue of stars, to the

figure of over 1,000 ; but his maestro accomplishment was the find

and computation of the & # 8220 ; precession of the equinoxes & # 8221 ; about 130 B.C.

Without telescope or instruments, and with no Mosaic Manual on

Astronomy to puddle his idea, by the powers of mathematical

concluding from observation he detected the complex motions of

the Earth, foremost in rapid rotary motion on its ain axis, and a much slower

handbill and irregular motion around the part of the poles, which

causes the equator to cut the plane of the ecliptic at a somewhat different

point each twelvemonth ; this he estimated at non more than 50 seconds

of a grade each twelvemonth, and that the forward revolution in & # 8220 ; precession & # 8221 ;

was completed in approximately 26,000 old ages. Such are the powers of the

human head untrammeled by disclosure.

Archimedes ( 287-212 B.C. ) , one of the most distinguished work forces of

scientific discipline who of all time lived. He discovered the jurisprudence of specific gravitation, in

connexion with the deceitful metal put into Hiero & # 8217 ; s Crown ; so excited

was he when the thought struck him that, shouting & # 8220 ; Eureka & # 8221 ; he jumped

from his bath and ran place naked to proclaim the find. He

discovered the Torahs regulating the lever, and the rules of the block,

and the celebrated eternal water-screw used to this twenty-four hours in Egypt to

rise H2O from the Nile for irrigation ; he was the first to find

the ratio of the diameter to the perimeter of a circle, ciphering

& # 8220 ; pi & # 8221 ; to be smaller than 3-1/7 and greater than 3-10/71, which is

reasonably near for a pagan non holding the & # 8220 ; Book of Numbers & # 8221 ; before

him. He made other finds and innovations excessively legion to associate ;

he disregarded his mechanical appliances as beneath the self-respect of

pure scientific discipline.

Euclid ( c. 300 B.C. ) is excessively good known for his & # 8220 ; Principles of Geometry & # 8221 ;

to necessitate more than reference. Erastosthenes ( c. 276-194 B.C. ) was

the Librarian of the great Library of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, at

Alexandria, incorporating some 700,000 volumes. He invented the

fanciful lines, analogues of longitude and latitude, which adorn all our

Earths and maps to this twenty-four hours. Not cognizing the disclosure that the Earth

is level, he measured its perimeter. Detecting that a pillar set up at

Alexandria cast a certain shadow at midday on the summer solstice,

while a similar pillar at Syene cast no shadow at that clip, and was

therefore on the tropic ; he measured the distance between the two topographic points,

as 5,000 bowl, approximately 574 stat mis ; described a circle with a radius equal

to the tallness of the pillar at Alexandria, found the length of the little

are formed on it by the shadow, which was 1/50 of the circle, and

represented the discharge of the Earth & # 8217 ; s circle between Alexandria and

Syene ; multiplying the distance by 50 he obtained 28,700 stat mis as

the perimeter of the Earth ; a figure inordinate due to mismeasurement,

but a brilliant rational achievement. Erastosthenes was

besides the laminitis of scientific chronology, ciphering the day of the months of the

main political and literary events back to the supposed clip of the

autumn of Troy ; a day of the month rather every bit unsure as that of the ulterior birth of

Jesus Christ from which the monastic Dennis the Little essayed to repair

the subsequent chronology of Christian history.

Hero of Alexandria ( c. 130 B.C. ) discovered the rule of the

working-power of steam and devised the first steam-engines. In his

Pneumatica he describes the olipyle, which may be called a primitive

steam reaction turbine ; he besides mentions another device which may be

described as the paradigm of the force per unit area engine. ( Encyc. Brit. twenty-one, 351-2. )

Strabo ( c. 63 B.C.-19 A.D. ) , the most celebrated early geographer

and a celebrated historiographer ; he left a Geography of the universe, as so known,

in 17 books, and made a map of the universe ; travelled over much

of it, and described what he saw. From a comparing of the form

of Vesuvius, non so a & # 8220 ; firing mountain, & # 8221 ; with the active +tna, he

prognosis that it might some twenty-four hours go active, as it did in 79 A.D. to

the devastation of Pompeii and Herculaneum, described by the Roman

philosopher and natural historiographer, Pliny, who overlooked the Star of

Bethlehem, and the temblor and occultation of Calvary. Strabo was

ignorant of the cosmology of Moses and the Flood of Noah ; so he

declared that the dodo shells which he discovered in stones far inland from

the sea proved that those stones had been formed under the sea by silt

brought down by rivers, in which populating shell animate beings had become

embedded. If Moses had revealed this interesting fact, much homo

persecution and agony would hold been avoided.

The rules of Evolution were discovered and taught by most

of the ancient Grecian philosophers above named and many others, all of

whom were deeply nescient of the cosmology of Genesis, and who

& # 8220 ; endeavored to replace a natural account of the universe for

the old myths. & # 8221 ; Anaximander ( 588-624 B.C. ) , though he had non

read Genesis, anticipated to the really word & # 8220 ; sludge & # 8221 ; used in the True

Bible as the stuff of animate being and human creative activity ; & # 8220 ; he introduced

the thought of aboriginal tellurian sludge, a mixture of Earth and H2O,

from which, under the influence of the Sun & # 8217 ; s heat, workss, animate beings, and

human existences were straight produced. & # 8221 ; Empedocles of Agrigentum

( 495-435 B.C. ) & # 8220 ; may rightly be called the male parent of the development thought.

& # 8230 ; All beings arose through the causeless drama of the two

great forces of Nature upon the four elements. & # 8221 ; Anaxagoras

( 500-428 ) & # 8220 ; was the first to follow the beginning of animate beings and workss

to pre-existing sources in the air and ether. & # 8221 ; Aristotle ( 384-322 B.C. ) ,

the first great naturalist, shows & # 8220 ; in his four essays upon the parts,

motive power, coevals, and critical rules of animate beings, that he to the full

understood version in its modern sense ; & # 8230 ; he justly conceived

of life as the map of the being, non as a separate rule ;

& # 8230 ; he develops the thought of purposive advancements in the development of

bodily parts and functions. & # 8221 ; The philosophy is really well

developed by the Roman Lucretius, 99-55 B.C. ( H.F. Osborn, From the

Greeks to Darwin, pp. 50, et seq. )

The critical sources of virtually every modern scientific discipline had therefore their

beginning and some noteworthy development in the fertile heads of the Grecian

minds and in their great schools of idea, in the centuries which

preceded the Advent of the & # 8220 ; Perfect Teacher & # 8221 ; and his divinely

instituted replacements in Schoolcraft. If these profound researches into

Nature had been included in the Curriculum of the Church, instead than

fire and blade employed to uproot them and all who ventured to

prosecute them, Holy Church would non hold had the & # 8220 ; Dark Ages of

Faith & # 8221 ; to enter and apologise for. To what flawlessness of Civilization

and Knowledge might Humanity have arrived in these 2000 old ages

wasted on the Supernatural, and the & # 8220 ; Sacred Science of Christianity & # 8221 ; !

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