The Individual and Society

A discussion of the socialization process.

This paper discusses the socialization process – how it works and what purpose it serves in society. It examines how society continues to restrict human individualism, through critical readings of Emile Durkheim’s The Division of Labor, Peter Berger and Thomas Luckman’s “Socialization: the Internalization of Society” and Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents.
Human beings are social animals. Individuals form the basic unit of society, and it is the collective action of people that dictate societal mores and values. However, individuals undergo a process of socialization from birth, a process that often calls on people to voluntarily place restrictions on their freedoms. Through this socialization process, people come to accept that ideas such as women’s secondary roles in society as natural. The continuation of society depends largely on the perpetuation of such social constructs. Individuals who challenge these norms are viewed as destabilizers.

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