The Lost Generation

1The Lost Generation writers were separated from American society, not only in geographically, but also in their style of writing and subjects they chose to write about. These authors were shaped by World War I. They wrote about what they had experienced during the war, and some of them had even served time in the military themselves. Although they were unhappy with American culture, the writers were involved in changing their country’s style of writing, from Victorian to modern.

Writhers known as the Lost Generation included authors and artists such as Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound, Sherwood Anderson, Waldo Peirce, John Dos Passos, John Steinbeck, and Cole Porter. {draw:frame} Ernest Miller Hemmingway was born the 21th of July 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. Ernest Hemingway was raised home by his religious parents, and he attended the public schools in Oak Park where he published his earliest stories and poems in the high school newspaper.

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After his graduation he decided to work as a journalist for the Kansas City Star. Hemingway worked only six months as a reporter, because when World War 1 began Hemingway realized he wanted to join the army. He tried to join the United States Army, against his father’s wishes, but he was rejected because of a bad sight. Instead he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian Red Cross. During the war Hemingway witnessed the brutalities of war, and it is clear to see how Hemingway used his experience from war afterward in his stories.

Hemmingway’s career in the Red Cross Ambulance Corps ended when he was badly wounded in 1918. In the hospital he received treatment he met an American nurse, whom he fell in love with. But their relationship did not last when Hemingway returned to the states, because the young nurse fell in love and married an Italian officer back in Italy. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian/American newspapers and married his first wife Hadley Richardson.

In 1921 he moved to Paris where he wrote articles for Toronto star and later on he met with such writers as Gertrude Stein and F. Scott Fitzgerald, who helped him edit and publish some of his own novels. When Hemingway did not write articles or novels he travelled around with his wife. Hemingway’s first books were; Three stories and ten poems (1923) and In our time (1924). His first serious novel was The sun also rises (1926). {draw:frame} Hemingway returned to the United States in 1927.

The same year he divorced Hadley Richardson and married Pauline Pfeiffer and together with her, he moved to Key West to life together. Ernest Hemingway had an eventful life, he continued to write most of his days. He was in Spain during the Spanish civil war, he was married 4 times and he won the Nobel Prize in 1954. But in his later year’s misfortune stuck. Ernest Hemingway got a depression, he began drinking and on the 2th of July 1961, he committed suicide with a shotgun.

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