The Magic Mountain Essay Research Paper OUTLINEI

The Magic Mountain Essay, Research Paper


I. Introduction

II. Thomas Mann

A. Biography

B. Mann s other plants

III. The Magic Mountain

A. Summary of the novel

B. Commentary

C. Issues mentioned in the book

IV. Decision

A. Impact the book had on me

The Magic Mountain written by Thomas Mann is a beautiful, rich novel which presents the major philosophical thoughts of our civilisation in the signifier of vivid and absorbing characters. It is surely one of the most of import plants of the 20th century.

Thomas Mann ( 1875-1955 ) German novelist and critic, one of the most of import figures in early 20th-century literature, whose novels explore the relationship between the exceeding person and his or her environment, either the environment of household or of the universe in general. Mann & # 8217 ; s fiction is characterized by accurate reproduction of the inside informations of both modern and ancient life, by profound and elusive rational analysis of thoughts and characters, and by a detached, slightly dry, point of position combined with a deep sense of the tragic. His heroes are frequently of the businessperson category, undergoing a religious struggle. Mann explored besides the psychological science of the originative creative person. ( )

He was a Nobel Prize victor and an univocal opposition of National Socialism, Thomas Mann was born on 6 June 1875, the boy of a affluent merchandiser household in the Hanseatic metropolis of Lubeck. His male parent had been elected twice as the burgomaster of Lubeck. His female parent, Bruhn district attorney Silva, came from a German-Portuguese-Creole household. The diminution of exactly such a household over three coevalss was the topic of his first great work, Buddenbrooks which was written in 1901. ( )

Buddenbrooks came out when Mann was 26. He began composing it during a annual stay in Italy and completed it in about two and a half old ages. The book outraged the citizens of Lubeck who saw it as a thinly veiled history of local incidents and figures. ( )

Mann s father died in 1891 and his trading house was dissolved. The household moved to Munich. Mann worked in an insurance office and studied at university before turning to news media and free-lance authorship. Early novels and short narratives like Tonio Kroger ( 1903 ) , Tristan ( 1903 ) and Der Tod in Venedig ( Death in Venice, 1912 ) revealed Mann & # 8217 ; s preoccupation with the relationship between bourgeois life and the modern artistic esthesia, his captivation with decease, and the philosophical influence of Wagner and Schopenhauer. ( )

In 1905 he married Katja Pringsheim, the girl of a affluent Munich household. They had a sum of six kids. During the World War I Mann attacked liberalism. A adult male lives non merely his personal life, as an person, but besides, consciously or unconsciously, the life of his era and his coevalss. ( The Magic Mountain ) .

After ten old ages of work Mann completed his 2nd major work, The Magic Mountain ( 1924 ) . The book represented the memorial of a lost humanitarianism. It won him the Nobel Prize. ( )

With the coming of the Nazi government, Thomas Mann, like his novelist brother, Heinrich, and the remainder of the household, immigrated to Switzerland, before traveling on to the United States in 1938. ( )

In 1936 he was officially deprived of his German citizenship and in the same twelvemonth he was stripped by the Bonn academic senate of his Honorary Doctorate. The Nazis avoided all reference of his name, trying to strike his memory from the German consciousness. For his portion, Mann took an active portion in the anti-Nazi battle, denouncing the & # 8216 ; awful complicity of the German universities & # 8217 ; in engendering & # 8216 ; those thoughts which are destroying Germany morally, culturally, and financially & # 8217 ; . ( )

In America, where he taught for a clip at Princeton University, Mann composed a figure of anti-Nazi essays, including The Coming Victory of Democracy ( 1938 ) . It was in his Swiss and American expatriate that he completed his monumental four-volume novel, Joseph and His Brothers, between 1933 and 1944, a traveling testimonial to the Jews in their darkest hr and to the freedom of the person against a corrupt dictatorship. ( )

Mann & # 8217 ; s concluding calculation with Hitler & # 8217 ; s universe, with the mixture of mastermind and lunacy in the German & # 8217 ; soul & # 8217 ; and the horrors of a fall ining civilisation came in his last major novel, Dr. Faustus. Mann died on 12 August 1955 in Zurich, Switzerland, to which he had returned one twelvemonth before his decease. ( )

Plants of Thomas Mann

+ BUDDENBROOKS, 1901 & # 8211 ; Buddenbrookit & # 8211 ; movie 1959, dir. by Alfred Weidenmann

+ TONIO KR+GER, 1903 & # 8211 ; suom.

+ TRISTAN, 1903

+ K+NIGLICHE HOHEIT, 1909 & # 8211 ; Kuninkaallinen korkeus

+ DER TOD IN VENEDIG, 1912 & # 8211 ; Death in Venice & # 8211 ; Kuolema Venetsiassa & # 8211 ; movie 1971, dir. by Luchino Visconti



+ HERR UND HUND, 1919 & # 8211 ; Herra ja koira


+ DER ZAUBERBERG, 1924 & # 8211 ; The Magic Mountain & # 8211 ; Taikavuori & # 8211 ; movie 1982. dir. by Hans W. Geissend rfer

+ BEMxHUNGEN, 1925

+ UNORDNUNG UND FRxHES LEID, 1926 & # 8211 ; Early Sorrow


+ Three Essays, 1929


+ MARIO UND DER ZAUBERER, 1930 & # 8211 ; Mario and the Magician & # 8211 ; Mario ja taikuri

+ Past Masters and Other Essaies, 1933

+ Tetralogy JOSEPH UND SEINE BRxDER, 1933-43 & # 8211 ; Joseph and his Brothers & # 8211 ; vol. 1: DIE GESCHICHTEN JAAKOBS & # 8211 ; Joseph and his Brothers & # 8211 ; DER JUNGE JOSEPH & # 8211 ; Young Joseph & # 8211 ; JOSEPH IN +GYPTEN & # 8211 ; Joseph in Egypt & # 8211 ; JOSEPH DER ERN-HRER & # 8211 ; Joseph the Provider & # 8211 ; Joosef ja H nen veljens -sarja suomennettu


+ Freud, Goethe, Wagner, 1937

+ DIESER FRIEDE, 1938 & # 8211 ; This Peace


+ LOTTE IN WEIMAR, 1939 & # 8211 ; The Beloved Returns & # 8211 ; Lotte & # 8211 ; movie 1975, dir by Egon G nter

+ DIE VERTAUSCHTEN K+PFE, 1940 & # 8211 ; P iden vaihdos

+ DIESER KRIEG, 1940 & # 8211 ; This War

+ Order of the Day, 1942

+ DAS GESETZ, 1944 & # 8211 ; The Tables of the Law & # 8211 ; Laki

+ DEUTSCHE H+RER, 1942 & # 8211 ; Listen, Germany!

+ DOKTOR FAUSTUS, 1947 & # 8211 ; Doctor Faustus & # 8211 ; movie 1982. dir. by Franz Seitz

+ Essaies of Three Decades, 1947


+ DIE ENTSTEHUNG DES DOKTOR FAUSTUS, 1949 & # 8211 ; The Genesis of a Novel

+ The Thomas Mann Reader, 1950

+ DER ERW-HLTE, 1951 & # 8211 ; The Holy Sinner & # 8211 ; Pyh Syntinen

+ DIE BETROGENE, 1953 & # 8211 ; The Black Swan & # 8211 ; El m n uhri

+ DIE BEKENNTNISSE DES HOCHSTAPLERS FELIX KRUSS, 1954 & # 8211 ; Confessions of Felix Krull & # 8211 ; Huijari Felix Krullin tunnustukset & # 8211 ; film1957, dir. by Kurt Ho



+ NACHLESE, 1956


+ Last Essays, 1959

+ Letterss to Paul Amann, 1960

+ Narratives of a Lifetime, 1961 ( 2 vols. )


+ Addresss Delivered at the Library of Congress, 1963


+ Letters of Thomas Mann 1889-1955, 1970

+ GESAMMELTE WERKE, 1974 ( 14 vols. )

+ The Hesse-Mann Letters, 1975

+ An Exeptional Friendship, 1975

+ The Correspondece of Thomas Mann and Karl Kerenyi, 1975

+ GESAMMELTE WERKE, 1980-90 ( 13 vols. )

+ DIARIES 1918-1939, 1982


+ ESSAYS, 1993 ( 5 vols. in advancement )

Thomas Mann spent three hebdomads sing his married woman in Davos. He than escaped before the physicians who discovered symptoms of the disease were able to maintain him at that place. He escaped from magnetic field of that mountain, hardly transporting a hint of illness but decidedly holding a clear hint of the future narrative. From this hint the novel of charming relationship between life and decease has been made.

The narrative of The Magic Mountain negotiations about the life of Hans Castorp, who goes to the International Sanitarium Berghof in the Swiss Alps to rest and see his cousin Joachim Ziemssen. He planned to remain at that place for three hebdomads and return to his place in Hamburg where he had a calling as a ship-building applied scientist. When he arrives to the sanatarium his feelings of uneasiness transform into captivation to the everyday established for the dwellers and to the active societal scene. Hans realizes that clip is of no importance in the sanatarium and shortly ordinary life becomes unreal to him. He becomes cognizant of his physical, religious and emotional exposure, every bit good as his ain gender. He is attracted to a married Russian adult female, Madame Clavdia Chauchat. The confusion brought on by this romantic compulsion seems even to be reflected in his physical province, which is unstable and hectic. When the three hebdomads he intended to remain were about up, Han dynasties decided to take a physical scrutiny. The scrutiny proved that he had a heavy cold which has a high chance of developing into TB.

Disease which captured Hans Castorp is pulling him off measure by measure from the people of the existent universe. The disease, about unnoticeably alterations him. It takes over his will, better his inherent aptitudes, and strengthens the strength of his phantasies. The illness makes him sensitive to the voices and feelings, which in the disruptive life of a healthy individual, he would barely be able to hear or see.

When Hans Castorp hears that he has the first phase of TB he becomes happy. His illness provides him with a ground for remaining close Madame Chauchat every bit good as the chance to go on intriguing, profound treatments about life, decease, clip, faith and unwellness with another patient Herr Settembrini. Settembrini is an Italian work forces who believes that ground and the mind must and will predominate, in day-to-day life every bit good as in universe personal businesss. He is disdainful of the foolish flirtings and empty talk in which most of the sanatarium dwellers indulge, and warns Hans repeatedly of the dangers built-in in cutting off all ties to existent life and duty.

During carnival limitations of the sanatarium had been decreased and Hans declared his love for Clavdia. She refused his proposal and left for Russia the following twenty-four hours. Hans was awfully sad. Joachim s wellness wasn t acquiring any better. The physician told him that he would hold to remain at the sanatarium for six more months. Joachim couldn T see himself passing one more twenty-four hours at the sanatarium, so he left. After a piece Joachim came back but his status was so serious that he died within a few yearss.

Clavdia Chauchat returned to the sanatarium with an old Dutchman named Mynheer Peeperkorn. Hans became really friendly with him, and their friendly relationship lasted until the Dutchman died.

Naphta the Jew turned Jesuit and Settembrini were the two people Hans spent most clip with. One twenty-four hours they got into an statement. A affaire d’honneur was arranged between the two of them. When the clip came, Settembrini said he would fire into the air. When he did so, Naphta became ferocious and changeable himself.

Although Hans planned to remain at the sanatarium merely for three hebdomads he ended up remaining for seven old ages. During this clip he saw many deceases and many alterations in the establishment. Up in the mountain his 2nd place, clip measured in proceedingss or even old ages no longer existed.

With the eruption of the World War I Hans Castorp leaves the sanatarium and returns to Germany to contend.

The Magic Mountain is a fresh concerned with positions of history and doctrine of our clip. The charming being exerted on the lives of patients of sanatarium is cutting them off from calendar clip. Time flows through their yearss and old ages with quiet void and perceptual experiences of world stretch into infinity. The Magic Mountain is the ill universe of Europe, and its people are assorted facets of the modern consciousness.

It seems as if Thomas Mann loves the disease, as if his art means devotedness to failing, enduring and decease. The Magic Mountain is a aggregation of the ill people, it is an international meeting topographic point of those who fight with decease. This battle goes on in every room of the sanatarium. The subject of torment and decease is revealed throughout the book in such a manner that it doesn t support the thought of decease, but instead stairss out as aid in researching the impressiveness of life.

Each of the characters Hans meets is a symbol for a strain of thought prevalent in pre-war Germany. Castorp himself is fascinated with thoughts of decease. Claudia Chauchat is a pagan. Settembrini is an Italian humanist, secure in his belief that adult male can be improved through ground. Mann makes all these characters seem spent and ill, their TB being a mark of societal unwellness. The start of war is symbol that such aesthetic rovings must come to an terminal. The fresh provides a expression at the intervention for TB at the bend of the century. The disease represents a character itself, coming and traveling from the lives of the other characters.

The hero of the fresh Hans Castorp, is in fact no hero at all. He is merely an ordinary, insecure adult male unable to happen solution to the conflicting political orientations of his friends and of his clip. Simplicity and expectedness is his best quality.

It is my belief that The Magic Mountain in one of the greatest plants of twentieth century. The narrative line which is really simple serves as a bracket to keep the huge aggregations of our sentiments and knowledge together. It compiles a immense sum of controversial information and a assortment of topics such as Mathematicss, Medicine, Astronomy, Physics, Politics, Psychology, Literature, History and many more. I liked the book really much. It opened up my skylines.


1 ) Mann, Thomas. The Magic Mountain, Penguin Books Ltd, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England. S. Fischer Verlag, 1924.

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