The Main Role of Education in Nazi Germany
The main role of education in Nazi Germany was to prepare boys and girls for different roles” Do you agree? Explain your answer. No, I do not fully agree with this statement. However, I do believe that they prepared boys and girls for their different roles, but I do not think that this was the main reason for education by the Nazis. I believe that it was mainly to brainwash the pupils into Nazi ideology. The young were the future of Germany so Hitler put a great focus on them and assured that they grow into loyal Nazis.
This was achieved by controlling all aspects of education. It included lessons beginning with the pupils saluting and saying ‘Heil Hitler’. History books were even re-written to glorify the rise of the Nazi Party. Also, they had classes such as Race Studies and Eugenics which was a subject that taught pupils about selective breeding, to create a master Aryan race and to not marry inferior racial types, such as Jews. Race studies taught them how to measure skulls to classify different races.
They also wouldn’t accept any teachers to teach if they opposed Nazi beliefs and teachers’ camps (which nearly all teachers were a part of) mainly concentrated on how to indoctrinate the young. A source also suggests the same “The whole purpose of education is to create Nazis” said by the Nazi Minister of education himself, Bernard Rust. In school, there seemed to be no escape in Nazism as in Geography classes, pupils are taught which lands to invade as Germany is need for more Lebensraum.
More Nazi ideology included in their Maths questions by asking for calculations such as the weight of an aircraft after the bombs have dropped in Warsaw (the centre of international Jewry). Of course, these all meant that school was not a happy place for the Jews. They would be teased and laughed of in front the class by the teacher encouraging the German Aryan kids to join in so this taught them how to be completely disapproving of the Jews. In addition to this, a part of Nazi ideology is that men and women both have different roles in life.
Men are supposed to join and fight in the army and women are supposed to stay home, reproduce perfect Aryan babies with the men and take care of the family. The schools prepared them for these roles by preparing the girls for marriage and motherhood with the emphasis on domestic duties. Physical education occupied 15% of school time so girls were fit enough to do house work whilst at the same time, taking care of their children. The boys mainly concentrated on this as they were preparing for military service.
They took classes such as physical and military fitness. These roles were so important to be met that all pupils had to pass a physical examination or else they could be expelled from school. In conclusion, the main role of education in Nazi Germany was to indoctrinate children so that they grew up being loyal Nazis with a blind hatred of anyone who was Jewish or any other whom they found to be different and not of their own. Boys and girls having different roles was only a part of Nazi beliefs, but not the main reason for education.