God lead the Hebrew slaves away from Egypt in the book of Exodus. The story demonstrated the progress of changes the Hebrew slaves into a nation. Several actions occur showing God worked to direct his people out of enslavement and into an existence of fortune and devotion. Several phases occurred in the process of making a nation. God chose Moses as a leader for the Hebrews through all phases from beginning to end. Moses confronted the Pharaoh of Egypt telling him to free the Hebrew slaves because God commanded so. Pharaoh refused the release of his slaves but with his refusal came ten plagues. “Ten plagues included: turning water into blood, frogs, lice, flies, cattle disease, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborn son”, (Merrill, 1992). Pharaoh tried to recreate the events proving the plagues false with his own magicians but it did not work.

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After the plagues, Pharaoh freed the slaves but changed his mind quickly after their release and he chased them with his armed men. Moses and the Hebrews fled but soon stopped at the Sea of Reeds because they had nowhere else to run with the army behind them and the sea in front of them. Moses had faith and God provided a way for the Hebrews. God separated the Sea of Reeds allowing the Hebrews safe travel to the other side. As Pharaoh and his army followed, the sea closed together engulfing them. Happiness engulfed the Hebrews and a promise to obey God for their freedom transpired.

God made a covenant with the Hebrews and blessed them depending on their obedience. Although the Hebrews agreed to the covenant, their behavior failed repeatedly. God liberated the Hebrews from slavery but the thankfulness ended quickly. The Hebrews promised obedience without faith and realizations of repercussions. Their lack of faith and misunderstanding proved failures and repeated disobedience against God. As Moses and the Hebrews settled near the Mountain of Sinai, Moses spoke with God on the mountain while the Hebrews celebrated their freedom.

God gave the Decalogue and Code of Laws to Moses

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during their visit on the mountain. The Ten Commandments, covenant of laws, worship, economics, and civil courts originated from the several one-on-one visits between God and Moses. A ceremony of the sprinkling of blood completed the covenant and God promised Moses “Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone with the law and commandments I have written for their instruction”, (Exodus 24:12).

During the 40 days and 40 nights, God provided instructions and regulations on worship and for the construction of the Tabernacle and Priesthood. God wanted an offering and desired a sanctuary to dwell among the faithful. “God gave specific instructions on the building of the sanctuary including a lampstand, a tabernacle, and an altar of burnt submission, a courtyard, and oil for the lampstand, priestly garments, and consecration of priests, sacrifices, and incense”, (Exodus: 25-30). Everything God commanded Moses accepted. When Moses descended from the mountain, the Hebrews broke several of God’s laws, committing sexual immoralities, became drunk with wine, spoke with vulgarities, and built and worshiped a golden idol. God was displeased with the Hebrews because they knew they disobeyed the commandments and covenant.

Moses asked God for mercy on the Hebrews but “When he approached the camp and saw the sin, his anger burned and he threw the tablets, breaking them to pieces at the foot of the mountain. And took the calf the people made and burned it in the fire; then he ground it to powder, scattered it on the water and made the Hebrews drink it”, (Exodus: 32:19-20). The Hebrews broke the law but Moses obeyed God and once again pled for their forgiveness. God lead the Hebrews away from Pharaoh’s enslavement even though the Hebrews disobeyed His commands from time to time. The story demonstrates the progress and difficulties the Hebrew slaves encountered while transforming into a nation.

Several actions occurred, showing God worked to direct his people out of enslavement and into an existence of fortune and devotion. Several phases occurred in the process of making a nation, including the actions of Moses’ devotion; of the Hebrews running for their lives; promises between God and the Hebrews; and obedience. God chose Moses as a leader for the Hebrews through all phases from beginning to end. God tested the Israelites because He knew they were sinners but they were His chosen people and testing them aided in growth of their faith and obedience.

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