The New Testament Gospels
An analysis of the similarities and differences between the four synoptic gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke.
The following paper analyzes possibilities for why these gospels, that are remarkably and mysteriously alike in a plethora of ways, agree on so many things yet disagree in other ways. The writer examines whether Matthew could have been the source of Mark and Luke’s gospels.
The New Testament is one of the most significant pieces of literature ever written. It is a compilation of the story of and the lessons taught by the most notable religious figure in history: Jesus Christ. Although many use it for guidance in their personal lives and the foundation of their religions, few actually take the time to learn about its origin. When were they written? Who were the writers? What were the sources? Scholars and historians have debated and discussed these questions. The four most acknowledged books in the New Testament are the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. It has often been assumed that these books were written by four men named Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, yet further research has determined that this might not be the case. Of the four Gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke have the most in common and are therefore are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels. It is unclear why they are so remarkably similar, yet a few hypotheses have been proposed to explain why the three Gospels share so much in common. One of the most fundamental aspects of each of their Gospels is their passion narratives in which curious similarities and differences have been noted.
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