The Nullification Crisis
Therefore, the riffs only stopped their foreign trade and did nothing to benefit them. South Carolina became so enraged that when Congress declared the tariff on 1828, many of the southern people said they were going to back out of the union or secede. After this, Vice President Calhoun, who was born in South Carolina, wanted to legally resist the tariffs. He created the idea of nullification in 1828.John Calhoun wrote the “South Carolina Exposition and Protest,” which cellared the tariff null and void in South Carolina. Nullification was the theory that a state had the ability to declare invalid a federal-level law.
So when the national government instituted a tariff, Calhoun told the South Carolina that they could simply refuse to pay it. The majority of the northern states weren’t affected by the tariffs because their industries were not targeted.As the strength of the tariffs accumulated, the Southern people felt a rising sense of a common identity in their decision o declare the tariffs null and void and their desire to remove themselves from the Join intensified. President Jackson believed the South’s interest in nullification was the same as an act of treason and asserted the union’s dominance over the South by sending a battleship to Charleston. These tensions between the South and those northern states that believed the union must be preserved, were a contributing factor to the cause of the Civil War.