The Philippine Education System
The education system of the country includes formal and non-formal education. Compared to other Asian countries, the Philippine education system differs in a number of ways. Secondary education The second level, secondary education, corresponds to four years of high school for age group of 12to 15, the prerequisite of which is completion of elementary education.
Higher education The third level is tertiary or higher education where a student enters at age 16. Higher educationconsists of collegiate, master’s and doctorate degree programs in various fields or disciplines including the post-secondary schooling leading to one-, two- or three-year non-degree technical or vocational courses. As of 1998, there are 46,654 schools in all levels, of which, 85 percent is public (see Table 1).Of the38,774 elementary schools, 92 percent is public. In the secondary level, of the 6,598 schools, 60 percent is public. And of the 1,282 higher education institutions, 20 percent is public. Enrolment statistics for all levels are shown in Table 2.
2. 2 Non-formal education Non-formal education is an organized learning activity aimed at attaining a set of objectives outside the established formal system intended for a particular clientele, especially the out-of-school youth or adult illiterates who cannot avail themselves of formal education.
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The attainment of empowered and globally competitive Filipinos shall be ensured through: 1) provision of undergraduate and graduate education which meet international standards of quality and excellence; 2) generation and diffusion of knowledge in the broad range of disciplines relevant and responsive to the dynamically changing domestic and international environment; 3) broaden the access of deserving and qualified Filipinos to higher education opportunities; and 4) optimization of social, institutional, and individual returns and benefits derived from the utilization of higher education resources. 3. 1 Coordination of the higher education system Previously, the administration, supervision and regulation of higher education rests on the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) through its Bureau of Higher Education.