The philippine presidents
It is the Presidents of the Philippines their personal identity. Early life, Political career, achievements, issues, controversies that was bound to them while they are on their terms. We don’t really know what runs in the back of their mind everyday thinking the future of our country. It is about Presidents of the Philippines who contributed to our society and also earned criticism from the Filipino people. It’s about their life being the President of the Philippines what have they change on our country in negative or positive ways. Criticism that they face in their terms hard decisions that they encounter.
It depends on the president actions on what the people see to him. Their action tells them what they really are. Any feedback that comes from the mass show them what they really are it’s because a lot of people want a new outcome from them. They want new changes to make sure that the President will do the best. But somehow they are things that president cannot avoid issues, controversies and accusations. Corruption is a normal word in politics. We don’t really know where the money of our country goes, if it goes to the right hand or the wrong hand of corrupted people in the government.
The philippine presidents Essay Example
Trusting the future on one person is very hard. Presidents are just like us they are not perfect though they make the decisions for our country as best as possible ways to improve our economic society. Every move of the presidents like implementing campaigns, programs, and policies to make a better country for the Filipino people is a very tough job but the presidents carry their responsibility to do this. They are sworn to thousand of Filipino people to do their bests. Foreseeing the future where people lives in a free violence country.
Maybe telling their short biography about them personal views about them will tell you. Joseph Ejercito Estrada Lets start with Joseph Ejercito Estrada , Joseph Estrada was born on April 19, 1937, in Manila, Philippines ,In 1992, he ran for vice president and won. In 1998 he became president of the Philippines. In 2001 he was arrested and imprisoned for six years. He ran for re-election in 2010, but lost to Benigno Aquino III. Joseph Estrada was born Joseph Marcelo Ejercito in the Tondo district of Manila, Philippines, on April 19, 1937. He was one of 10 children.
Estrada’s father, Emilio Ejercito, was a government engineer. His mother was named Maria Marcelo. Joseph’s parents were wealthy landowners. . Over the course of his prolific film career, he has acted the lead role in more than 80 films and produced over 70. When Joseph was still very young, his family moved to San Juan, which has since become a part of metropolitan Manila. Estrada received his primary education at Ateneo de Manila University. After graduating from Ateneo de Manila, he enrolled in engineering courses at the Mapua Institute of Technology. To his parents’ grave disappointment, political career.
Erap is a college dropout he is the only one who doesn’t have a college diploma. His political career started as a mayor of San Juan from in 1967, then a municipality of Metro Manila, and succeeded in only 1969 after winning an electoral protest against Braulio Sto. Domingo. His administration was marked by unequaled accomplishments in infrastructure development. These included the establishment of the first Municipal High School, the Agora complex, a modern slaughterhouse, a sprawling government center with a post office, a mini-park and the concreting of 98 percent of the town’s roads and alleys.
As mayor, he paid particular attention to the elementary education of children by improving and renovating school buildings and constructing school structures, health centers, barangay halls and playgrounds in all the barangays. The following year, he won a seat in the Senate under the Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD) placing 16th in the elections (out of 24 winners). In 1987, he set his sights on a Senate run and handily garnered a seat. He was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Public Works. He was Vice-Chairman of the Committees on Health, Natural Resources and Ecology and Urban Planning.
In the Senate, Estrada was credited with the passage of, among other major pieces of legislation, the bills on irrigation project and the protection and propagation of carabaos, the beast of burden in the rural areas. As a senator, he was one of the so-called “Magnificent 12” who voted to terminate the RP-US Military Bases Agreement. In 1989, the Free Press cited him as one of the Three Outstanding Senators of the Year. He was conferred the degree of Doctor of Humanities, Honoris Causa by the Bicol University in April 1997, and the University of Pangasinan in 1990.
In 1992, Joseph Estrada initially ran for president with Vicente Rivera, Jr. as his running mate but he withdrew his bid and instead ran for vice-president as the running mate of Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. under the Nationalist People’s Coalition. Even Cojuangco lost to former National Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos, As Vice-President, Estrada he was the chairman of President Ramos’ Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC). Estrada arrested criminals and kidnapping syndicates. He resigned as chairman in 1997.
In the same year Estrada, together with former President Corazon Aquino, Cardinal Jaime Sin, Senator Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and other political leaders, led an anti-charter change rally brought in an estimated half a million people to Rizal Park against the charter change moves by Ramos and his supporters. The inauguration of President Estrada on June 30, 1998, Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of Malolos in Bulacan province in paying tribute to the cradle of the First Philippine Republic. That afternoon the new president delivered his inaugural address at the Quirino Grandstand in Luneta.
He assumed office amid the Asian Financial Crisis and with agricultural problems due to poor weather conditions. In 2000 he declared an “all-out-war” against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps. But during his term there are some issues that confronting him that maybe truth. First is the Subic Bay Leadership Dispute after winning the 1998 presidential elections President Joseph Ejercito Estrada issued Administrative Order No. 1, which ordered the removal Richard Gordon as Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority or SBMA.
Estrada appointed Felicito Payumo, Gordon’s critic and congressman of Bataan as new chairman. Gordon refused to step down, stating that his re-appointment from the Ramos administration gave him civil service protection. The issue sparked the interest local and foreign press known as the Showdown at Subic Gordon filed for a temporary restraining order before the local court. The local court of Olongapo granted Gordon’s request but Payumo’s party filed an appeal before the Court of Appeals (CA). The CA reversed the local court’s ruling and it was affirmed by the Supreme Court.
With the Supreme Court decision, Gordon called Payumo and turned over the reins of SBMA at the Subic Bay Yacht Club two months later on 3 September 1998. Together with the Subic volunteers, they cleaned up the facility. Next is the text book scam Intervention. In 1998, Estrada allegedly appointed a cousin, Cecilia de Castro, as presidential assistant. The President denied knowing her in the wake of the textbook scam in 1998. The President later intervened in the investigation of the said scam. Another is the appointment of brother-in-law, Captain Rufino F. Pimentel, as PAGCOR director.
Also a brother-in-law, Raul de Guzman, was appointed member of the Board of Regents of the University of the Philippines. De Guzman’s son was also appointed as presidential consultant on environment and water. The Manila Times Controversy, Estrada denies a story against the country’s oldest newspaper the Manila Times over a story that alleged corruption in the awarding of a public works project. After a personal apology from an owner was published, the libel suit was dropped. Within three months the Manila Times was sold to a “housing magnate with no previous newspaper experience” and was quickly shut down.
PCSO Funding Controversy. The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism has reported that there are 66 corporate records wherein President Estrada, his wife, mistresses and children are listed as incorporators or board members. Thirty-one of these companies were set up during Estrada’s vice-presidential tenure and one when he assumed the presidency. Based on the 1998 and 1999 financial statements, 14 of the 66 companies have assets of over P600 million. The First Lady, Mrs. Loi Ejercito, registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission on 15 October 1998 her the Partnership for the Poor Foundation Inc.
Which provides relief and livelihood to the poor. A few months after its incorporation, the foundation received P100 million from the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office as donation. The donation far exceeded the PCSO’s combined donation of P65 million to regular beneficiaries like orphanages and hospitals. The complainants consider this a conflict-of-interest. The donation of government funds to the private foundation of the First Lady was also found to have been delivered to their legal residence in San Juan.
Here are some famous controversies that was alleged to President Joseph Estrada, Jueteng Scandal Singson is known to have Estrada’s fall, when in October 2000 he said he gave President Joseph Estrada 400 million as pay from illegal gambling profits. On October 16, 2000, he accused the Estrada, as the “lord of all jueteng lords” for receiving 5 million pesos protection money from jueteng every month during his term of presidency. The Dacer-Corbito Double Murder Case Salvador “Bubby” Dacer, publicist in the Philippines, and his driver, Emmanuel Corbito, were abducted in Makati, the business district of Manila.
They were later killed, and their vehicle dumped. In 2001, a number of arrests were made. The ultimate reasons for Dacer’s murder remain a subject of debate. Fidel Ramos has publicly accused his successor, Joseph Estrada, Estrada in a corruption scandal at the time, and according to some reports, Estrada believed Dacer was helping Ramos bring down his rule. During his term as the president he gave some contributions to our country. Because of him the crime of “Plundering” now carries the death penalty. The Estrada presidency was soon dogged by charges of plunder and corruption.
Estrada’s impeachment by the House of Representatives in November 13, 2000. He was the first Philippine President to be impeached. He also served as Senator for one term and Vice President before becoming president. He declared war on the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. He was then pardoned in 2007, from 2001 though to 2007 he lived in seclusion. He contributed to helping the poor, and though he was thought to be corrupted, he assured the people he was not guilty of corruption, but of mistakes. He has contributed with food, medicine, and clothing along with other relief goods. Some Programs that Jospeh Ejercito Estarda work on during his term.
The formal launching of the National Anti-Poverty Commission’s action plans to eradicate poverty. It was also a platform for the administration’s accomplishment report on poverty improvement, which included the launching of the Enhanced Retail Access for the Poor, or ERAP sari-sari stores, and the National Food Authority’s rolling stores implementation of several programs on food security to ensure adequate food in areas stricken by the El Nino happening the recover of the agriculture sector, and the food agreement among provincial governors which aims to ensure the country’s self-sufficiency in rice by 2001, corn by 2002 and fish by 2003.
The implementation of the livelihood programs in barangays through backyard enterprises. A crackdown on criminal syndicates victimizing squatters, especially in Malabon and Navotas. The implementation of a campaign against illegal forms of fishing, and the release of P7. 5 billion in low-interest credit for the poor. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was born onApril 5, 1947 a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and is currently a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga.
She was the country’s second female president and the daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal. Arroyo is also the first duly elected female Vice President of the Philippines. She was born as Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal to politician Diosdado Macapagal and his wife, Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal. She is the sister of Dr. Diosdado Macapagal, Jr. and Cielo Macapagal-Salgado. She spent the first years of her life in Lubao, Pampanga, with her two older siblings from her father’s first marriage.
At the age of four, she chose to live with her maternal grandmother in Iligan City. She stayed there for three years, then split her time between Mindanao and Manila until the age of 11. She is fluent in English, Tagalog, Spanish and several other Philippine languages, most importantly, Kapampangan, Ilokano, and Cebuano. Arroyo was a former professor of economics at Ateneo de Manila University where Benigno Aquino III was one of her students. She entered government in 1987, serving as assistant secretary of the Department of Trade and Industry.
Her educational background. She attended Assumption Convent for her elementary and high school education, graduating valedictorian in 1964. Arroyo then studied for two years at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington, D. C. where she was a classmate of future United States President Bill Clinton and achieved consistent Dean’s list status. She then earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics from Assumption College, graduating magna cum laude in 1968. Her political career, Arroyo entered politics in the 1992 election, running for senator.
At the first general election under the 1987 Constitution, the top twelve vote-getting senatorial candidates would win a six-year term, and the next twelve candidates would win a three-year term. Arroyo ranked 13th in the elections, earning a three-year term. She was re-elected in 1995, topping the senatorial election with nearly 16 million votes. As a legislator, Arroyo filed over 400 bills and authored or sponsored 55 laws during her tenure as senator, including the Anti-Sexual Harassment Law, the Indigenous People’s Rights Law, and the Export Development Act.
The 1995 Mining Act, which allows 100% foreign ownership of Philippine mines. Later, Arroyo had a run for the presidency in the 1998 election, but was persuaded by President Fidel V. Ramos and leaders of the administration party instead seek the vice-presidency as the running mate of its presidential candidate, House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr. Though the latter lost to popular former actor Joseph Estrada, Arroyo won the vice presidency by a large margin, garnering more than twice the votes of her closest opponent, Estrada’s running mate Senator Edgardo Angara.
Arroyo began her term as Vice President on June 30, 1998. She was the first and only to date female Vice President of the Philippines. Arroyo resigned from the cabinet in October 2000, distancing herself from President Estrada, who was accused of corruption by a former political supporter, Chavit Singson, Governor from Ilocos Sur. She had initially resisted force from allies to speak out against Estrada, but eventually joined calls for Estrada’s resignation. The last quarter of 2000 up to the first week of January 2001 was a period of political and economic uncertainty for the Philippines.
On January 16, 2001, the impeachment trial has also taken a new direction. Private prosecutors walked out of the trial when pro-Estrada senators prevented the opening of an evidence containing bank records allegedly owned by President Estrada. With the walk out, the impeachment trial was not completed and the Filipinos eventually took to the street to continue the shout for President Estrada’s resignation. From January 17 to 20, 2001, hundreds of thousands of Filipinos gathered at EDSA, the site of the original People Power Revolution.
Days after leaving Malacanang Palace, President Estrada’s lawyers questioned the legitimacy of Arroyo’s presidency before the Supreme Court. He reiterated that he did not resign as president and that at most, On May 1, 2001, they marched towards Malacanang to force Arroyo to give in to their demands. Violence erupted when the protesters attempted to storm the presidential palace and the military and police were forced to use their arms to drive them back. Arroyo declared a state of rebellion because of the violence and prominent political personalities affiliated with Estrada were charged and arrested.
The so-called EDSA III was the first serious political challenge to the Arroyo presidency. Arroyo then run for Presidency again in 2004 which she won against poe by a difference of 1 million votes. Allegations of cheating against Arroyo gained momentum one year after the May 2004 elections. In a press conference held on June 10, 2005, Samuel Ong, former deputy director of the National Bureau of Investigation claimed to have audio recordings of wiretapped conversations between Arroyo and an official of the Commission on Elections
(Virgilio Garcillano, a former COMELEC commissioner, would later be identified as the official talking to Arroyo. According to Ong, the recordings allegedly proved that Arroyo ordered the rigging of the national elections for her to win by around one million votes against Poe. The recordings of Ong became known as the Hello Garci controversy and triggered massive protests against Arroyo. Key members of her cabinet resigned from their respective posts and urged Arroyo to do the same.
On June 27, 2005, Arroyo admitted to inappropriately speaking to a COMELEC official, claiming it was a “lapse in judgement”. She, however, denied influencing the outcome of the elections and declared that she won the elections fairly. Arroyo did not resign despite the pressures coming from various sectors of society. The Hello Garci controversy became the basis of the impeachment case filed against Arroyo in 2005. Attempts to impeach Arroyo failed later that year.
Arroyo took her oath of office on June 30, 2004. In a break with tradition, she chose to first deliver her inaugural address at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila before departing to Cebu City for her oath taking: the first time a Philippine president had taken the oath of office outside of Luzon. Her end of Presidency ,In November 2009, Arroyo formally declared her intention to run for a seat in the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga, making her the second Philippine.
A request seeking to disqualify Arroyo from the race was dismissed by the Comelec for lack of merit, a decision which was later affirmed by the Supreme Court. With little serious competition, she was elected to congress in May 2010 with a landslide victory. After receiving final military honors at the inauguration ceremony of incoming President Benigno Aquino III, she headed straight to Pampanga for her own oath-taking as congresswoman. Controversies The Fertilizer Fund Scam is a Philippine political controversy involving accusations that Agriculture Undersecretary Jocelyn Bolante diverted P728
million in fertilizer funds to the 2004 election campaign of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Another famous controversy Hello Garci scandal . In 2005, Samuel Ong who is a former deputy director of the country’s National Bureau of Investigation claimed to have audio tapes of wiretapped conversations between President Arroyo and an official of the Commission on Elections. According to Ong, the contents of the tape prove that the 2004 national election was rigged by Arroyo in order to win by around one million votes
Two witnesses, Antonio Rasalan and Clinton Colcol, stepped in August 2006, claiming involvement in an alleged plot to alter the results for the May 2004 elections. Rasalan claimed that he was fully convinced that the election returns presented at the House of Representatives were manufactured and had replaced the original documents. Colcol, a tabulator for the Commission on Elections (Comelec), said that Arroyo only received 1,445 votes, while Poe received 2,141 in South Upi, Maguindanao during the May 2004 elections.
The Philippine National Broadband Network controversy is a political affair that centers upon allegations of corruption primarily involving Former Commission on Elections Chairman Benjamin Abalos, First Gentleman Mike Arroyo and President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo regarding the proposed government managed National Broadband Network for the Philippines and the awarding of its construction to the Chinese firm Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company Limited a telecommunications and networking equipment provider.
The issue has captivated Filipino politics since it erupted in Philippine media around August 2007, largely through the articles of newspaper columnist Jarius Bondoc of the Philippine Star. It has also taken an interesting turn of events, including the resignation of Abalos as COMELEC chairman, the bribery of congressmen and provincial governors. Controversial Dinner party and Ondoy again, a serious blow marked another controversy in the Philippines. In late July 2009, Arroyo went to New York
City to dine with her friends at a lush Le Cirque restaurant and was highly criticized for her supposed outlandish dinner at Le Cirque with the Philippine delegation during her visit to the United States. President Arroyo and her group reportedly had dinner for the cost of $20,000 or P1,000,000 as reported in the New York Post. This has been connected to corruption and anti-Gloria protests to spread out anger among the poor, and more people went hungry as a result of rising hunger, and also, anti-Gloria coup attempts.
In September 2009, Typhoon Ondoy became devastative throughout Metro Manila and Luzon leaving 464 people dead and resulted to massive flooding and landslides. The Northrail project is being surrounded by a controversy since 1997, Arroyo signed a Memorandum of agreement with Sinomach and other contractors in 2004, to construct a rail line from Caloocan to Clark Special Economic Zone once to be completed in 2010. Many opposition senators and congressmen opposed that the project could cost US$500 million and this has been led to corruption, and also a series of cancellations.
After it was constructed from 2009-2010, again, it eventually cancelled in March 2011. The arrest controversy, Arroyo was arrested on 18 November 2011 after a Pasay court issued a warrant of arrest against her. This followed the filing of a complaint for electoral sabotage by COMELEC. The arrest warrant was served at St. Luke’s Medical Center, Taguig where Arroyo had been confined. This and others resulted to corruption charges including her husband Mike and son Mikey. She has been detained at the Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City since 9 December 2011.
Her contributions to the society are acceptable even though she is corrupted. She saved the economy of the Philippines in the days of global recession, by travelling and negotiating with other country. The 14th president of the Philippines contributed a lot to our country. Her contribution that I noticed most was the boom in infrastructure and roads and a good increase in our economy even though she was the president during the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009. Her best contribution was the establishment of the nautical highway. Unfortunately this caused further debt in the country.
She was arrested in 2001 for electoral fraud and as of December 2012 is still incarcerated. Programs that Gloria Arroyo executed Human rights ,Gloria Arroyo flanked by United States Marines. May 2006 Amnesty International report expressed concern over the sharp rise in killings of militant activists and community workers in the PhilippinesTask Force, a special police unit tasked to probe reported extra-judicial killings, by state run death squads counts 115 murders and says most of these are the result of an internal purge by communist rebels.
On September 5, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Amnesty Proclamation 1377 for members of the Communist Party of the Philippines and its armed wing, the New People’s Army; other communist rebel groups; and their umbrella organization, the National Democratic Front. The amnesty will cover the crime of rebellion and all other crimes but not including crimes against chastity, rape, torture, kidnapping for ransom, use and trafficking of illegal drugs and other crimes for personal .
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo served as Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development from July 1998 to October 2000, or a total of 27 months. In her more than two years at the Department, she pioneered the AHON Programs . Ahon Bayan, Ahon Bata and the Ahon Pamilya which are all aimed at improving the lives of the poor and the disadvantaged through strengthening linkages with various stakeholders. The Quick Reaction Team was also launched during her term. Our Future is in the Future of Filipino Children.
The project seeks to intensify and accelerate past andpresent attempts to address the plight of street children. Specifically, it provides street children and their families with necessary social services to protect their rights and enjoy a new lease on life. The project covers as priority areas the 17 cities and municipalities in the National Capital Region. More than 11,730 children were reached out through the project. Ahon Bayan is a resource generation project for social welfareservices. It addresses the inadequacy of funds for social welfare.
The project aims to generate and mobilize resources by matching donors from local and international funding agencies with proponents from non-government organizations and people’s organizations. The project is now institutionalized as a regular DSWD project. Since 1998, Ahon Bayan programme has funded a total of 80 projects throughout the country. Ahon Pamilya is also commonly known as the “National Family Violence Prevention Program”. It is a community based strategy of preparing family members to protect themselves against violence and manage resolution of conflicts within the context of family members.
Quick Reaction Team Pamilya. The program which was launched in January 1999 has put in place a mechanism that ensures immediate response to the needs of sexually abused women and children. Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo also made significant achievements in the regular DSWD programs. The Self- Employment Assistance Kaunlaran . The project is a community-based micro-financing project which builds capabilities of people’s organizations to self-administer a socialized credit proposal. Project components are social preparation, capital assistance, savings mobilization and access to other social services.
For this project, 2,184 SEA-K Associations were extended capital assistance benefiting 61,879 families. Each family-beneficiary was given P5,000. 00 capital assistance for its chosen livelihood project. The Early Childhood Development Project (ECD). The project was designed to promote the survival and development of children six years old and below in Regions VI, VII and XII. It refers to child and family focused services designed to build on and improve existing health, nutrition and early education services for disadvantaged children. Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III
Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III born February 8, 1960), also known as Noynoy Aquino or PNoy, is a Filipino politician who has been the 15th President of the Philippines since June 2010. Aquino is a fourth-generation politician: his great-grandfather, Servillano “Mianong” Aquino, served as a delegate to the Malolos Congress; his grandfather, Benigno Aquino, Sr. , served as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from 1943 to 1944; and his parents were President Corazon Aquino and Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, Jr. Aquino is a member of the Liberal Party.
In the Liberal Party, Aquino held various positions such as Secretary General and Vice President for Luzon. Aquino is the Chairman of the Liberal Party. Born in Manila, Aquino finished his Bachelor of Arts Major in Economics from Ateneo de Manila University in 1981 and joined his family in their exile in the United States shortly thereafter. He returned to the Philippines in 1983 shortly after the assassination of his father and held several positions working in the private sector. In 1998, he was elected to the House of Representatives as Representative of the 2nd district of Tarlac province.
He was subsequently re-elected to the House in 2001 and 2004. In 2007, having been barred from running for re-election to the House due to term limits, he was elected to the Senate in the 14th Congress of the Philippines. Following the death of his mother on August 1, 2009, many people began calling on Aquino to run for president. Aquino studied in Ateneo de Manila University for his elementary, high school, and college education, graduating in 1981 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics. After college, he joined his family in Boston in exile.
Noynoy was a pure breed Atenista from grade school, high school, up to college. He then graduated from the Ateneo University with a degree in Economics. At that time, his father the famous Senator Ninoy Aquino was the lone voice of freedom against the dictator president Marcos and so they were exiled to Boston because of this. Political career He is a member of the Liberal Party, the banner of the political opposition. He ran for congressman in 1998 and served as Representative of the 2nd District of Tarlac until 2007.
He was then elected as Senator in the 2007 midterm elections under the Genuine Opposition, a coalition comprising a number of parties, including his own Liberal Party. With more than 14. 3 million votes, Aquino’s tally was the sixth highest of the 37 candidates for the 12 vacant seats elected from the nation at large. He assumed his new office on June 30, 2007. A member of the Liberal Party from 1998 to present, Aquino served as the party’s secretary general and vice-chairman. After the death of his mother, Corazon Aquino on 1 August 2009, Noynoy was pegged to run for president in the 2010 Elections.
Aquino was uncertain if he would run for the presidency and went to the Carmelite Convent in Zamboanga on 4 September 2009 for a few days of spiritual retreat. He said he wanted to be enlightened before making a decision. According to Aquino, three factors would influence his decision on running for president: his ability to guarantee that there will really be meaningful changes for society and the country, the availability of logistics for his electoral campaign, and the sentiments of his four sisters on his presidential bid.
On 8 September 2009, at a press conference organized by the Liberal Party held in Club Filipino, LP President Mar Roxas gave way to Aquino to become the standard bearer of LP. Aquino came back after his retreat and made the announcement of his bid for presidency on 9 September 2009 at the Club Filipino in Greenhills, San Juan. On 28 November 2009, Aquino filed his certificate of candidacy (CoC) along with Roxas as his vice president, under the Liberal Party banner. In April 2010, a document containing a psychological evaluation on Aquino’s mental health leaked to the public.
Allegations of the leakage of the document, conducted in 1996 under the Department of Psychology of Ateneo de Manila, were pointed at the Nacionalista Party. NP’s standard bearer, Manny Villar, denied the allegations and challenged Aquino to take a psychiatric test and other medical evaluations to prove his sanity and fitness to become President. Senator Chiz Escudero, a former presidential candidate aspirant, announced his support for Aquino and Jejomar Binay, causing a stir among Aquino-Roxas supporters. In May 2010 Aquino admitted that he had been meeting with Iglesia ni Cristo Minister Eduardo Manalo and was also hoping to get an end