The Relationship Between Terrorism and Democracy

4 April 2015
A paper which explores the relationship between democracy and the rise in recent global terrorism.

The paper shows that many believe that the root cause of the new wave of global terrorism is an increasing divide between rich and poor, thus inciting rising resentment against the local elites and foreign exploitation. The paper discusses methods which the U.S. might use to combat this terrorism, despite the difficulty in attacking anonymous groups. It shows, too, how democratic civil liberties might be sacrificed in the face of stringent security restrictions in the U.S. and the world today.
“Furthermore it is impossible to identify states that sponsor new terrorism (Bellamy, 1996). The more conventional terrorists, such as the IRA, are more vulnerable to penetration by intelligence agencies than the smaller separate cells of the new-style organizations. Penetrating extremist cults is more difficult (Bellamy, 1996). Therefore, the new terrorists could be called anarchists in its true sense. In the 19th century, most of the terrorist groups, including the anarchists and nihilists had political aims even if they were poorly defined. The groups of the 90’s do not. They can only be understood in terms of where they come from, such as the Hizbollah from the refugee camps in Gaza and the Hamas from southern Lebanon (Bellamy, 1996). They recruit from the marginalized and the dispossessed such as Algeria. This is perhaps the archetype, a very divided society with a repressive government (Bellamy, 1996).”
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