Faith refers to the allegiance of the person to various aspect of life which can either be with his beliefs, values, religion, and others. In order to have a better understanding of faith and its role in health care, a definition of the terms associated with it is necessary: Spirituality, as defined by Hay as cited in Nursing Management Journal, is not simply a cultural choice that one take up and disregard according to one’s preference. It is a universal given which means that spirituality can be found find in everyone, including both religious people and those who believe religion is nonsense (Hollins, 2005, p. 14).
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Another definition of spirituality by Burkhardt, as cited by Greenberg (2008), is something that provides meaning to one’s life. It is a broader concept than religion which, can be expressed through religion, prayer, meditation, interactions with others, or through relationship with God (para. 2). Thus, faith to one’s religion is a manifestation of spirituality. Religion, although has several definitions, is defined by Robinson (2013) to include the greatest number of beliefs, as “any specific system of belief about deity, often involving rituals, a code of ethics, and a philosophy of life” (in-text citation missing)(para. 1). According to Hollins (2005), religion usually classify individuals into ways of life that are common to particular faith groups, standards, or behavioral rules. For instance, Christianity may have different ways of providing care in comparison with Muslim.
Several religions have different perceptions about providing care. For the purpose of this paper, the focus will be on Buddhism, Sikhism, and Islam. Muslim. This paper provides a comparison about the philosophy of care from the perception of Buddhism, Sikhism, and IslamMuslim, comparing it with Christianity and my own perception. The introduction is a very strong introduction. The author first defines the terms faith, religion and spirituality. The author also introduces the three faiths, which will discuss how each faith perceives to provide care for it’s sick. This provides a strong thesis for the paper. Buddhist Perceptions on Health and Healing
The people who believe in Buddhism are called
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Buddhists. Buddhism emphasizes practices over beliefs, but their faith is centered on the precise understanding of human nature and ultimate reality (Religion Facts, 2013). They believe that the source of human suffering is attributable to one’s desire on material things that do not give lasting happiness. Another concept in Buddhism that explains human life is kamma—the will to do something that provides immediate result. “It refers to the working of intention, or the process of mental proliferation and its consequences” (Paonil & Sringernyuang, n.d, p. 95).
Buddhism may have different meaning of health and diseases from that of a scientific definition of health: disease of the body which is linked to a conventional truth, similar to today’s meaning; and, the disease of mind which is associated with the ultimate truth (Paonil & Sringernyuang, n.d, p. 96). Furthermore, buddists believe that good health is a result of prior good actions (Paonil & Sringernyuang, n.d, p. 97). The eight fold path is their way to prevent diseases.
It is described as the way to end suffering. The practice help Buddhist develop insight into the nature of things and to eliminate negative behavior such as hatred and greed. Because of Buddhism’s core belief that life exist naturally, and that God does not exist, Buddhists do not believe in prayer. One of the major difference from Christianity. They believe in the power of meditation which they believe is a great way to prevent diseases. Similarly, Christianity believes in meditation. There wasn’t enough detail and no examples given as to how a person of the Buddhist faith would be cared for if they were sick. The flow of the paragraph is good but some details are missing, eg. Like dietary needs during the stay in the hospital… Sikh’s Perception on Health and Healing
Similar to Christianity, the foundational belief of Sikh is that “there is only One, Universal, Formless, Timeless God of all the people, who is also the creator of this universe and all living beings” (Metropolitan Chicago Healthcare Council, 2001, para. 2). They wear 5 symbols which has individual representation that is different from Christianity.
For instance, the Kesh (an uncut hair) signifies God given gift to represent spirituality. However, there are some Christians who do not believe in symbols that represent God. For example, Catholics believe in the cross that reminds them of God’s suffering to save them from sins. In terms of health care, especially during times of distress, Sikhs pray to God for help; remember His name to have peace, ask for forgiveness; recite or listens to sacred hymns which are considered sacred words.
These words give them physical and spiritual strength and nourishment (Metropolitan Chicago Healthcare Council, 2001, p. 4). Good comparison to the Christian faith. Example given as to how Sikhs pray. I would’ve included how people from this faith would like to be cared for in a health care setting. Muslim’s Perception on Health and Healing
Islam is the religion of Muslims. It means “peace and submission to the will of Allah” (Taheri, 2008). Just like Christianity, they too believe in prayers and God. The difference between health and illness in Islamic religion is that it is viewed as the balance and imbalance, or simply put as the humoral theory (Taheri, 2008). Similar to Buddhism and Christianity, they practice rituals and medicinal practices when experiencing illness. Their prophet, as stated in their Qur’an, encourages them to seek treatment and strengthens their faith in times of illness. It is similar to Christian religion wherein the bible speaks about healing which imposes spiritual power and increases faith and hope of the ill. Once again, a good comparison on the similarities between Christianity and Islam.
Every religion has a unique spiritual perception on health and healing. Some of it differs from others; while some show similarities. Even health care providers may possess diverse spiritual faith than that of their patients. Regardless of the differences, it is important that patients are able to express their own faith and spiritual beliefs while receiving care as it establishes caregiver-patient trust. It is known that when caregiver-patient trust is established, health care providers are able to better provide care to the patient because they are able to get a good history, patients are more compliant with care, among others. Health care providers must be ready to provide care that is within the context of one’s faith, beliefs, or culture.
GTheir sensitivity to their patient’s faith, spiritual needs, beliefs, and practices will pave way for them to provide optimal care. It also adds to a positive health care experience of the patient, as patients are able to express their own faith—the faith that help them get out of illness. My knowledge has increased upon learning the three religions’ spiritual beliefs and practices and their faith. With this being said, I will be able to provide a more diverse and culturally sensitive care to my patients. This research illustrated the importance of spirituality as a core component of care. It reminded me that every time I care for my patient, it is necessary to assess their spiritual needs in order to provide a holistic approach of care.See More on Health care