The Slave Trade
Why was the slave trade abolished? The slave trade had high social costs. It was a process of transporting and selling Africans to the other countries to become slaves. Usually, the Africans would be transported by the Europeans and they would be sent to North America where most plantation owners who needed slaves were. They would get sold and become slaves and work for long hours on the plantations. However, in 1808, the slave trade came to an end and it tidiness’s end without help.
There were 3 main factors that supported the end of slave trade, the abolitionists, the slaves themselves and the economic factors. Among the 3 factors, one of them was the abolitionists. The abolitionists contributed a lot and in fact would say that it was probably the most important factor. Out of all the abolitionists, there were 2 that were particularly passionate about helping to end the slave trade. One Of them was called Thomas Clarion, who was a British man and worked for 71 years trying to stop slavery’.
As source D shows, Thomas Clarion always carried around a box of objects such as chains and thumb screws that he used to demonstrate to people what slavery was like so that people would get a better picture of slavery. Source A shows the type of speech that Thomas Clarion would have made, this line has been taken from source A to show that Thomas Clarion was very determined to put an end to the slave trade: “There are some of the evils which you are called upon this night to an end to. ” Another abolitionist that contributed a lot was William Wildflower.
Wildflower was highly responsible for the slave trade and he was actually influenced by an ex slave, John Newton. After a number of attempts of trying to bring the private Bills before parliament, he did not succeed but he never gave up. Eventually, he succeeded on the 25th March 1807 but he still didn’t completely abolish the slave trade. Whilst he was laying on his deathbed on the 26th July 1833, he was told that slavery abolition bill was passed by Parliament and freedom was then granted to all the slaves within the British Empire.
This is an example of an extract taken from a speech that Wildflower would make: “When consider the magnitude of the subject which am to bring before the House-?a subject, in which the interests, not of this country, nor of Europe alone, but of the whole world, and of posterity, are involved: ND when I think, at the same time, on the weakness of the advocate who has undertaken this great cause-?when these reflections press upon my mind, it is impossible for me not to feel both terrified and concerned at my own inadequacy to such a task. Source E shows William Wildflower introducing the law to ban slave trade in the British Empire. Lots of other abolitionists also helped to ban the slave trade such as Hannah More who was a writer and in 1 788, she wrote ‘Slavery, a poem’ to coincide with Wilderness’s parliamentary campaign. In addition, not only did the abolitionists do the work but the slaves also had o fight back for themselves. Evidence shows that many slaves have fought back and have succeeded just like what source B shows.
Source B shows the rebellion that the slaves made during the Haitian revolution in 1 791. By 1 803, they succeeded and not only did they end slavery but also the French control over the colony. Furthermore, source G suggests that black people can be as powerful as white people. Throughout history Toasting Liverwurst has been the greatest slave revolt and he has successfully defeated both the British and French armies. Source H is an extract that has been used to describe
Toasting Liverwurst by The London gazette: ‘According to all accounts he is a negro born to vindicate the claims of this species and to show that character of men is independent of the color of their skin. ” This reveals that the white people are starting to see what the black people can do. Moreover, Aloud Equation who was previously a slave published his book ‘The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Aloud Equation’ which sold over 2 million copies and the book was what really made the publics eyes open. They saw things from the point Of view of a person who was a slave before.
The final reason why the slave trade came to end was because of the economic factors. Source I could be the evidence to suggest why the slave trade came to an end: “In 1771, 2728 slaves were imported, but in 1 772, no slaves were imported anymore. This was because Cuba and Brazil started to produce cheaper sugar,” and at the end this person quoted “if Britain could buy sugar somewhere else for less money it would. ” Without the profits of sugar, plantation owners would have to shut the plantations down as the profits helped them to afford a huge plantation house, as source F shows.
Source C, a book review by David Richardson on the book ‘The Sugar Industry and the Abolition of The Slave Trade’ also reveals that the costs of sugar were rising: “British West Indian Slavery… Had run its course by the end of the eighteenth century, squeezed between rising costs of producing and marketing sugar. ” In conclusion, think that the most important reason why the slave trade came to an end is the abolitionist because the power is in the parliament’s hands and if the abolitionists didn’t make speeches to try and convince the public, slave trade probably wouldn’t have been banned so early.
I also consider the slaves’ power to be quite an important aspect because if they hadn’t of fought back and was really determined to go home then no one would of knew that they didn’t like it and so no one would think of their feelings. Chose economic factors to be the least important reason because if Cuba and Brazil never produced any sugar that was cheaper than Britain then would the slave trade of ended? No one can really control the economy! Overall, I think that the slave trade came to an end because both the white and black people took action.