The unions of artists – “THE BLUE ROSE” AND “THE JACK OF DIAMONDS”

7 July 2017

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The brotherhoods of creative persons – “ THE BLUE ROSE ” AND “ THE JACK OF DIAMONDS ”

“ A blue rose ”

The largest art instruction after “ the art World ” and “ the Union of Russian creative persons ” was “ the Blue rose ” . Under this name in 1907 in Moscow the exhibition which has united group of immature creative persons, recent students of the Moscow school of picture, sculpturing and architecture – followings of Borisov-Musatov has taken topographic point. Though this exhibition was alone, it has revealed a generalization of initial originative rules and in writing responses of the Masterss presented by it which have formed a particular way in Russian picture. The exhibition “ Blue rose ” has noted merely go throughing minute in their originative development, but the minute important. It was clip of the confusion which have captured a considerable portion of Russian society in ambiance of reaction after licking of revolution, clip reflected in art by an ambiguity of the intents. The aggravated sensitiveness to sunglassess, niceties of obscure tempers generated images unsteady, get awaying, attracted creative persons to hunts of the rafinirovanno-refined coloring material dealingss, a thin is decorative-ornamental melodious beat, hard effects of the matte-flickering picturesque bill.

The characteristic sample of such picture is “ the Blue fountain ” ( 1905 ) – an early fabric of one of taking Masterss of a way of P.V.Kuznetsova ( 1878-1968 ) . The farther development of this creative person is typical for the bulk of Masterss of “ the Blue rose ” . It consisted in overcoming of the enlarged psychologism, in aspiration to come back to primary simpleness of esthesiss of a world. It was non, nevertheless, a manner of refusal of former picturesque system, and its logic development and flawlessness. So there is a series of the images devoted & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; and the Central Asian steppes. Contemplation of huge unfastened infinites, supervising of a measuredly-quiet life of nomad folk has brought with itself uncluttering from under the power of obscure tempers, has turned the creative person from everlastingly get awaying to everlastingly existent.

“ A Mirage in steppe ” ( 1912 ) – one of the most perfect merchandises of this rhythm. The high sky, quiet lines of skyline, soft lineations of collapsible shelters freely disseminated in infinite, accrete with the Earth and reiterating lineations of a celestial dome, simple and rhythmical motions of the people cutting sheep, fixing the nutrient, sleeping, – all it thanks to surprisingly thin, to harmonize of colour, signifiers and contours develops in & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1101 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; a complete image of the universe, over which non imperiously clip. Before us primitive patriarchal idyll, “ Aureate Age ” , dream of harmoniousness of the individual and the nature, come true in world.

Painting of these fabrics is based on thin & # 1085 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1077 ; the colorful surface which have got wealths and plangency of colour tone, before obscured and dazed. Flexible unrecorded contours as if are seen through a crystalline rippling & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; by the Sun of air. Subjects thanks to it remain on a fabric as though in a suspension, are spiritualized, acquire a certain charming lightness. It seems, that all image is penetrated by a unvarying unrecorded beat, as though a soundless moving ridge of the lyrical delectation altering a image of the cogency in certain “ Eden vision ” . The thin hapless wordss of picture is combined with grave rhythmic of the composings counterbalanced and symmetric.

& # 1054 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1103 ; the subject organically enters into creativeness of other participant of “ the Blue rose ” , together with & # 1050 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1084 ; analyzing in the Moscow school, – M.S.Sarjana ( 1880-1972 ) . Picturesque method & # 1057 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; receives the perfected signifier in 10th old ages of Twenty century under feeling of trips to Turkey, Iran and Egypt. The creative person does non compose off everything from nature, that sees an oculus, and searches a complete picturesque image, the colourful expression. Equally good as at & # 1050 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; , a footing of expressiveness of its fabrics is the colour discoloration and the is ornamental-decorative organisation of the image on a plane. Such merchandises & # 1057 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; , as “ Street. Midday.

Constantinople “ ( 1910 ) , ” The traveling adult female “ ( 1911 ) , ” the Date thenar tree “ ( 1911 ) , distinguishes that it would be possible to call dynamism of vision. It non long contemplation, and fast repair of the basic colourful dealingss in aggressively contrast comparings.

If painting & # 1050 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; is similar to lyrical spring, painting & # 1057 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; – a colourful apothegm refering seen. prefers the intensive, bright, decidedly directed light hiding sunglassess of colour and denudation contrasts, aggressively denominating boundary lines light and dark. In this regard its picture reminds the colour drawing, sometimes, as for illustration, in “ The traveling adult female ” , finds out similarity to application.

The cogency on fabrics appears condensed in colourful exaggerations, making highs of hapless sounding. Its thenar tree put in the Centre of a canvas, it is proud elating over hapless homes the foliages which remind a violent colorful fountain, with force whipping of a bole upwards and in comprehensiveness, it seems an incarnation of self-generated power of the nature, truly “ a life tree ” . So the by, through specific activization of the picturesque signifier, & # 1057 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; comes to a condensation ordinary-real to ageless poetic symbols.

As a way of Russian picture of the beginning of Twenty century “ the Blue rose ” is closest to symbolism poetics. A footing of this affinity is basic installing on transmutation of images of the cogency on intent to except possibility of actual perceptual experience of things and the phenomena, holding cleared in them non ordinary, high communications and values.

In the all right humanistic disciplines it pours out in preference for any transmutations in domain of ocular perceptual experience – to crisp perspective decreases and the unexpected foreshortenings changing the signifier of topics, to reflex ions in H2O, on glass, in mirrors, to the airless quiver dissolution contours, etc.

The theater becomes sphere of the most effectual any more lone ocular, and cosmopolitan transmutation of the cogency at that clip. It has appeared that dirt where picture of “ the Blue rose ” and symbolism have met straight. The most interesting discrepancy of this duologue of painting with symbolism at theatre represents N.N.Sapunova ‘s creativeness ( 1880-1912 ) .

Together with other maestro of “ the Blue rose ” – S.J.Sudejkinym ( 1882-1946 ) it became the interior decorator of symbolical play foremost in Russia M.Meterlinka ( at Theatre-studio MHT on Cook, 1905 ) . Cooperation with from here originates. & # 1052 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; – in statements “ & # 1043 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; ” Ibsen, “ & # 1041 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; ” .

On the other manus, “ the thaumaturgy of theater ” , coercing to worry unreal, invented and antic as original and unrecorded, it is transferred to easel picture. So there is a whole group of the merchandises written “ apropos ” of matching theatrical public presentations.

The romantic creative person who has become isolated in the universe, created by caprices of imaginativeness, starts to accept coevalss of ain imaginativeness for the cogency. There is a transmutation symbolical “ the charming universe ” in “ clowning ” – are that “ & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; ” and the symbolism “ antithesis ” , noted by the Block in 1910, and still earlier, in the 1906 which have become by a subject of a lyrical play “ & # 1041 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; ” , which statement made out. From the minute of work on this public presentation at creativeness invariably there are elements of exhibition clowning, basting stylisation and grotesque. These inclinations reach the culmination in non finished image “ Tea imbibing ” ( 1912 )

“ A doodly-squat of diamonds ”

The boundary is noted 1910-1911 by happening on sphere of an art life of new grouping under the causation name “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” . A changeless meat of the society which have existed really till 1916, the creative persons P.Konchalovsky, I.Mashkov, A.Lentulov, A.Kuprin, R.Falk who have become later by seeable Masterss of the Soviet art have made. “ The doodly-squat of diamonds ” , the holding charter, exhibitions, aggregations of articles, was a new influential way in Russian art of the beginning of Twenty century

The Impressionism in all its updating was at the same time and a starting point of art development, and that originative method in which get the better ofing creative persons of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” saw the precedence. From the really get downing they act as ferocious oppositions of old art – “ the art World ” , the refined psychologist of picture of “ the Blue rose ” are rejected from a threshold. At the bosom of discontent of immature creative persons with a province of personal businesss in the modern art societal motivations – crisis in Russia, with exceptional force shown in revolution 1905-1907, and come so old ages of reaction ( 1907 – 1910 ) laid. This discontent with a “ dusk ” era was expressed in & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1080 ; all vague, cryptic, held back in art.

In a counterweight of symbolical picture of “ the Blue rose ” creative persons of “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” aspired to show most well motion from concentration on subjective non clear esthesiss to happening of stableness of a vision, colourss, to the constructive logic of image building. The statement of a topic and concreteness in a spatial property counterweight makes an initial rule of their art.

In this connexion picture of topics – a still-life is put frontward on the first topographic point. Polemic jobs of picture of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” have found particularly bright incarnation in creativeness of one of group I.I laminitiss. Mashkov ( 1881 – 1944 ) . “ Dark blue plums ” ( 1910 ) it is possible to see it as the original motto of this way. The image of the fruit laid in a inactive cosmetic composing, as though has fallen asleep halfway from rough substance of pigments of a pallet to existent colour of nature. The creative person assimilates the work to work of the handicraftsman making things. In this instance such thing is the image. The creative person approaches painting to national creativeness with feeling of an initial stuff inherent in it.

In nudity of the procedure of creative activity of a picturesque thing and in hapless & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; colourful sounding the initial rule of a folk art is as though formulated by Mashkov: a combination of two parties of a national life – work and a vacation.

It is so declaratory, as in “ Dark blue plums ” Mashkov, confirmed by “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” the new attack to nature development is expressed P.P.Konchalovskim ( 1876-1956 ) in “ G.Jakulova ‘s Portrait ” ( 1910 ) . The artist brings in traditional country of domination of psychological jobs & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1077 ; , the confirming beginning. It eliminates everything that concerns go throughing kernel of the individual, underscoring all of what there are the steadiest, bright, in the true sense words picturesque marks of single external form. Here we deal with the specific system of simplifications peculiar to a national popular print, a plaything, a signboard. Not casually unfavorable judgment sometimes defined manner of picture of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” as a whole as “ manner of a signboard ” . The Same unfavorable judgment repeatedly marked a direct connexion of new coevals of the Moscow painters with modern it the Gallic picture go uping in the beginnings to Cezanne. However Cezanne ‘s picture has been apprehended by “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” through a cosmetic discrepancy, in peculiar Matisse.

The cult of a cosmetic reigning at the beginning at creative persons of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” , dispersed from Cezanne ‘s picture in one instead indispensable point: in easing of sculptural esthesis of the signifier. The feeling of materiality of a topic which artists in the first merchandises tried to accomplish, originate non at the disbursal of sculpturing-volume building of the signifier, and at the disbursal of bulkiness of the bill while the infinite looked decoratively dispersed and is frequent owing to it formless. In get the better ofing of this deficiency a known function the cubism – the current of the picture happening theoretical motive to the experiments in the recommendation given one time by Cezanne to do the mental analysis of hard signifiers by their attack to the basic geometrical constellations – to a regular hexahedron, a cone and a domain has played. Masters of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” used similar responses. So, Konchalovsky ‘s “ Agave ” ( 1916 ) represents a discrepancy of mastering of experience of the cubism, go throughing utmost steps of conventional splitting of the signifier. The creative person has seen a manner of the analysis of spacial dealingss in cubism. The image infinite is thought as a certain topic, from it with attempt topics represented which signifier as if interruptions, deformed, with attempt winning for them the necessary critical environment return form. Things actively take root into infinite environing them, as if get the better ofing its opposition. From here feeling of dramatic character. Things as though are on guard of the won topographic point, they do non give easy, seem hostile to the individual, aloof from it.

The genre of a still-life Begins capable to reassign the new care, conformable the present with its contradictions and esthesis of nearing dazes. In picture of “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” value of high art has been returned a still-life.

Along with a cubism the futurism – one more arisen in Italy in the same old ages a picture current becomes the of import constituent of in writing manner of “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” from the center of 10th old ages. Proclaiming original linguistic communication of the future industrial beat of an era of scientific and proficient revolution, it demanded debut of these beats in the design of a work of art. One of its responses is “ installing ” of topics or parts of the topics taken as though at assorted times and from different points of the reappraisal. Motion of the topic, i.e. the witness, is transferred on object which is allocated with self-generated kineticss, by ability to freakish updating of the signifier. This consequence in a combination to cubic “ displacement ” of signifiers and stratification of spacial programs we see in A.V.Lentulova ‘s cosmetic pictures-panels ( 1882-1943 ) “ Vasily Blazhennyj ” ( 1913 ) and “

Ringing ” ( 1915 ) .

The image surface is thought here by similarity of the mirror jingling and split by a powerful sound moving ridge in which the colorful Moscow architecture is reflected. Refering Russian creative persons to responses of modern West European art there was a known portion of ironicalness. At & # 1051 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; it has affected, for illustration, in transferring of responses of the futurism intended for look of beat of an industrial era, on perfectly other in the being object – architecture. From this self-contradictory combination of modern in writing linguistic communication to images of the Moscow olden clip there is out of the blue bright art consequence – the ancient architecture as though excited by invasion of industrial beat, involved in an orbit of perceptual experience of the modern individual feeling and all about in ceaseless motion.

To merchandises of other representative of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” to R.R.Falka ( 1886 – 1958 ) are non curious cosmetic range of fabrics & # 1051 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; , & # 1073 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1103 ; beauty and materiality of picture of Mashkov. The lyric poet on a warehouse of originative disposition, avoids intended & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; the signifier, aspires to thin survey of a picturesque surface, achieves refined colourful harmoniousnesss. Penetrated by ambiance of religious concentration and silence, painting differs original psychologist, is allocated by ability to reproduce thin sunglassess of tempers. Not casually hence among its merchandises the considerable topographic point occupies a portrayal. One of the best images of pre-revolutionary creativeness – “ At the piano. E.S.Potehinoj-Falk ‘s portrayal ” ( 1917 ) . Relatives on manner to painting are A.Kuprin and V.Rozhdestvenskogo ‘s merchandises – creative persons of “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” , working chiefly in a still-life genre.

Some sort of lasting defiance characterizes creativeness of one of organisers of “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” M.F.Larionov ( 1881 – 1964 ) . In 1911 it breaks off with this grouping and there is the organiser of new exhibitions under & # 1101 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1097 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; names “ Asinine tail ” , “ Target ” . The crude inclination of art has found In Larionov ‘s creativeness “ a doodly-squat Of diamonds ” , connected with assimilation by professional art of stylistics of a signboard, a popular print, a national plaything, kids ‘s pulling the most back-to-back development. In a counterweight to the bulk of creative persons of 10th old ages Larionov systematically defends the rights of genre picture, non declining the narrative narrative in a image, But the life in Larionov ‘s genres is a particular, “ primitive ” life of provincial streets, coffeehouse, hairstylist ‘s, soldier ‘s barracks.

One of Larionov ‘s the most typical merchandises – a image “ Having a remainder soldier ” ( 1911 ) . Grotesque, & # 1091 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1103 ; typicalness of a pose indulgence in contemplation healthy large chaps with a flower in all cheek is doubtless cast by naivete of kids ‘s drawing. At the same clip it is large-scale images and skilfully transferred continuance lazy & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; before the witness transforms a image in is thin & # 1089 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1081 ; a smart portrayal. But therefore – leer sunglassess. The relation of the creative person to pattern expressions as “ love sarcasm ” . If creative persons of “ a doodly-squat of diamonds ” , particularly in a creativeness initial phase, preferred a bright pallet, strong colour contrasts Larionov, as a regulation, addresses to subjects pedestrian and unsmooth, dim and non colour, cultivating sunglassess of the pull together colourss, accomplishing refined silvereyes and a colour harmoniousness. To merchandises of this artist fabrics of the changeless comrade and adherent Larionov in its hunts & # 1053 ; . & # 1057 ; were near. & # 1043 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; ( 1881 – 1962 ) . In a image “ canvas Washing ” ( 1910 ) figures of two adult females against & # 1083 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; “ & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; ” a rural landscape, compact, with heavy & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; , are written with that is naive-touching wishing to represented which distinguishes kids ‘s drawings, particularly when the kid reproduces good familiar, accustomed topics and state of affairss. Here we deal any more with aesthetically-game stylisation of a Demotic life, as for illustration, at & # 1050 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; , and with effort through crude thing art to happen a manner out of mazes of modern psychologist and & # 1091 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; , to happen the lost beginnings of an is naive-complete sight at the universe.

In a small spot other signifier the same inclination Acts of the Apostless in art of M. 3. Walked ( 1887-1985 ) . Extraordinary steadfast caution in reproduction most that on is matter-of-fact inside informations of conditions of the provincial backward life changed by pigments of a spicy, brilliant pallet, is combined at All Walked with antic motivations of antic flights, heavenly marks, etc. it is similar to caprices of the romantic phantasy whimsically blending ennobled and low, projecting memoirs on romantic narratives of Gogol.

Pre-revolutionary creativeness of most original of painters adjoins to a crude line in Russian art – P.N.Filonov ( 1883-1941 ) . Modern crudeness is understood by it merely every bit means to “ imitate ” in painting a certain complete image of the universe, the type of a universe position giving in modern & # 1079 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; – & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; experience representation about world myths. For the creative person of the XX-th century it was a manner to remind that makes a dorsum of a machine civilisation that is pushed aside by it on fringe of public attending, viz. about patrimonial in the individual, about that “ portion ” of the individual which it is with the nature, with its dark, is tenacious-inert, cryptic dark, forces, “ contact ” with which forms the indispensable care labour, in peculiar state, a life. So, in “ & # 1050 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1093 ; ” ( 1914 ) Filonovs all is molded to each other as though in the helter-skelter upset. The complicated sentence structure of a in writing phrase suggests the witness to seek sense and sequence in combinations of capable signifiers and figures, following by thinking, that pealing in a bundle of human memory where there could be a key to the codification figure of this image. But the way of these hunts is set by the image retreating in country of crude natural myths.

The usual para top and underside here is turned: plaything little houses are perceived as seeable at a distance from above so, that figures of animate beings and & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1094 ; “ bent ” in dark celestial spheres over the universe and look in & # 1079 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1077 ; and & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1077 ; signifiers with that self-contradictory, is angular-exact estimates from what zodiac figures in a kaleidoscope of configurations in a dark sky are outlined by a sight. Particularly tellurian scene is shown as fabulous & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; , & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1103 ; in celestial spheres, but this heavenly is at the same time and something is dense-primitive, reminding of primary engagement of the individual in zoology, about those times and about that status of consciousness when the Supreme divinity of the sky appeared in image of “ a heavenly cow ” , and cowss engendering work was ritual spiritual rite, “ heavenly service ” . It is a life what she looks from dark deepnesss of ancestral memory. “ Impersonal “ – this the expression can specify a method and at the same time a subject of art of Filonov animating in the “ hieroglyphic ” signifier habitual for Russian art a manner, procedure, phases of it is impersonal-natural in religious.

Specific of in writing linguistic communication, symbolical on the beginning, halves perceptual experience of seeable signifiers and qualities of the capable universe between direct and portable values. So “ dark ” in Filonov ‘s pre-revolutionary images is both dark, and metaphysical “ somberness ” , prehistoric “ darkness ” ; originally compact figures at the same time both & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; , and & # 1073 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; ; visible radiation and colour are merged in unvarying quality, reminding consequence of a stained-glass window ; figures as much remind crude graven images, how many and mediaeval “ Chimeras ” . Many qualities of in writing system of Filonov, every bit good as the manner of creative activity “ the new relation to the cogency by alteration of a series forgotten a universe position ” , have the nearest paradigm in Vrubel ‘s art.

Leaning of creative persons of 10th old ages to experiment, to decomposition of complete art feeling for the amount of simple influences for the interest of familiarising with primary bases of art expressiveness has led to allotment of this country & # 1092 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; in independent domain of art. In 1913 Larionov publishes the book “ & # 1051 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1084 ; ” which was one of the first pronunciamento of abstract art. However original leaders – theoreticians and abstract art experts in Russia V.V. Kandinsky ‘s steels ( 1866-1944 ) and K.S.Malevich ( 1878-1935 ) .

From the minute of the beginning abstract painting develops in two waies: at Kandinsky it is self-generated, irrational game of colour discolorations, at Malevich – visibleness & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; the verified, is rational-geometrical buildings. The abstract art applied to be in art pattern by as though bodied theory of cardinal rules of painting in general. Painting jobs were reduced by it to research of possible combinations of primary elements – lines, colourss, signifiers.

If Malevich and Kandinsky ‘s abstract art develops originally entirely within easel picture in V.E.Tatlina ‘s creativeness ( 1885-1953 ) object of abstract experiment there is one more component of painting – the bill. The qualities belonging in painting to one stuff – pigment, & # 1058 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; transforms into combinations of bills of assorted stuffs – Sns, a tree, glass, & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1103 ; a image plane in similarity of a sculptural alleviation. In alleged counter alleviation & # 1058 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; “ heroes ” there are non valid topics and abstract classs of the bill – rough, fragile, syrupy, soft, sparkling, – entrance among themselves in hard dealingss without agencies of any concrete graphic secret plan.

In architecture we face ability of art to show, non stand foring, go throughing imitation “ the life facts ” . In belongingss of a in writing surface as & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; Fieldss are concluded the expressive possibilities non given, but set to the image merely as gravity Torahs are set to motion of organic structures or a beat, the size, an order of rimes are set to a poetry. Research of these possibilities besides was that experiment which has been done by abstract art. On this manner to & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; the art influence, hidden in the device of human memory, XX-th century art should is inevitable to run into the art worlds where needed Torahs of expressiveness there was no clip are carried already out in completeness of a rule. New offered a manus good forgotten old – and through such contact there have passed barely likely non all Masterss of alleged avant-guard in XX-th century art.

Among them the outstanding topographic point belongs to – to S.Petrov-Vodkin ( 1878 – 1939 ) . The long manner of originative formation of this maestro rich with hard hunts crowns creative activity in 1912 of a image “ Bathing of a ruddy Equus caballus ” . This merchandise is considerable non merely the internal care, but besides that in it many thorny inquiries of art of the beginning of Twenty century It have concentrated sounds as an entreaty and a inquiry and first of all that acuteness and expressiveness of the signifier recreating, a world altering images to which art of Twenty century so distressingly aspired, is reached here through development of lessons of Old Russian picture. Directly declaring consecutive communicating, this merchandise forces to remember at the same time and “ Abduction of Europe ” & # 1057 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; at which Petrov-Vodkin studied in the Moscow school. The image of the equestrian on a game, turning thought to folklore representations, in painful the stood motion gives rise to a inquiry. Celebratory victory of colour and sleepy capturing beat of lines, a powerful Equus caballus and the immature man-teenager who has fallen asleep in non clear idea, powerlessly holding lowered reins, being given to the power of force goodness knows where pulling it, memoirs on the yesteryear and non clear foreboding of the future – such combination of opposite elements symbolically on the internal construction. Owing to it besides was perceived by coevalss as a symbol of the disquieted minute.

Even more systematically Petrov-Vodkin to images of Old Russian art in such plants, as “ Mother ” , “ Girls on Volga ” ( 1915 ) , “ addresses Morning. Swimmers ” ( 1917 ) . Here echoes & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1093 ; images – in fixed & # 8482 ; motions, in self-immersing of characters, in contemplation by which heroines of these images are got are hearable. In Petrov-Vodkin ‘s creativeness value of ageless images and that towers: a dream and waking up, age stairss of a life – adolescence, a young person, maternity, life circulation between a birth and decease – such is a circle of these that. In intervention of a similar kind any new era expresses those the ideal representations about a topographic point of the individual in the infinite whole. In the art universe they play a function & # 1091 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; the philosophical order, looming over variableness of the fluid cogency. Consequently in Petrov-Vodkin ‘s in writing system all qualities of the universe topic to supervising aspire to the & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; to efficient, absolute conditions: Color gravitates to pure, released from atmosphere fluctuations, visible radiation has character stellar “ ageless visible radiation ” , the skyline line reproduces curvature of a planetal surface of the Earth harmonizing to a rule of alleged spherical chance which all event in infinite translates in a rank of the phenomena of infinite graduated table. In assortment of modern signifiers of art generalisation Petrov-Vodkin allocates what have the concrete art reference, – an Old Russian icon and a fresco, and besides Italian & # 1082 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; , i.e. those phenomena in graduated tables of national and European art tradition which straight approach to a threshold of the latest distinction and analytical shattering but where the art universe and a image of the universe in art was still thought and appeared as the certain unity informing to ways of art look the imperativeness of the monumental illustriousness. As whole in feeling of a cosmopolitan nexus of times and the phenomena – here that thirsts for universe contemplation to show and resuscitate in the modern art Petrov-Vodkin. & # 1055 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; appealing to associatory ability of art memory, he as if impulses to think, what form and an image have the modern universe and art feeling peculiar to it in & # 1089 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1080 ; with the nature and history in infinite of the universe cultural experience.

Petrov-Vodkin, every bit good as assortment of other Masterss of its coevals, old ages one of seeable Masterss of the Soviet picture, holding brought with itself during a new era unrecorded art traditions, high thoughts and perfect accomplishment.

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The unions of artists - "THE BLUE ROSE" AND "THE JACK OF DIAMONDS". (2017, Jul 26). Retrieved February 23, 2019, from https://newyorkessays.com/essay-the-unions-of-artists-the-blue-rose-and-the-jack-of-diamonds-essay/
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