The Value of Political Philosophy
This certainly leads to the question of the nature and limits of authority of the state. Plato was the first to consider these points systematically in his Republic, and from there Aristotle took up the question and wrote the books Politics that delineated his views on the question. In this he declared man to be a political animal who must organize community life in a way that should make civilized life and conduct possible. For Aristotle, city was the proper framework for the realization of man’s potential. Subsequent thinkers have considered the question in accordance with the state of society and what ideas prevailed in other realms at the time. In the middle ages, the main question was the division of authority between the state and religion [the church], while in the Renaissance; the Italian Niccollo Machiavelli gave his own ideas of how a ruler ought to behave [exercise power].